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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A
ah, ah as in Ana (ah-nah), also aye with i- ai, ow with u- au
ai
like the English "aye" (Aye Aye Captain!) as in Jaime (hi-meh)
au
ow as in Augusto (ow-goos-toh
B
beh, "beh grande", b as in Beatriz (beh-ah-trees), same as "v"
C
say, like k as in Carlos (car-lohs), or soft C before e or i
c soft
like s (before e or i) as in Graciela (grah-see-eh-lah)
CH
chay, ch as in Archibaldo (ar-chee-bahl-doh)
D
day, d as in David (dah-veed)
E
ay, eh (as in let); as in Elena (eh-leh-nah), plus 3 other ways preceeding i, r, or u
ei
ay as in day, as in Reinaldo (ray-nahl-doh)
er
air as in Fernando (fair-nahn-doh)
eu
eh-oo as in Eugenio (eh-oo-hen-ee-oh)
F
ef-ay, f as in Federico (feh-deh-ree-koh)
G
hay, hard g, except h before e or i as in Geofredo heh-oh-freh-do
g hard
like Gregorio (greh-gor-ee-oh)
H
ah-chay, silent as in Hugo (oo-goh)
I
ee, ee as in Isabel (ees-ah-bel)
J
hotah, h as in José (hoh-seh)
K
kah, k as in Kenia (ken-ee-ah)
L
el-ay, l as in Lucas (loo-kahs)
LL
ay-yay, y as in Guillermo (gee-yair-moh)
M
em-ay, m as in María
N
en-ay, n as in Nicolás (nee-koh-lahs)
Ñ
en-yay, n-y (as in canyon); as in España (es-pahn-yah)
O
oh, oh as in Olivia (oh-lee-vee-ah), oy preceeding i or y
oy, oi
oy as in Moisés (moy-ses)
P
peh, p as in Pedro
Q
coo, k as in Quintín (keen-teen), u has no sound after it
R
air-ay, r (slightly rolled) as in Rosa (roh-sah)
RR
airrr-ay, rr (heavily rolled) as in Inglaterra (een-glah-teh-rrah)
S
es-ay, s as in Samuel (sah-moo-el)
T
teh, t as in Tomás (toh-mahs)
U
oo, oo as in Urbano (oor-bah-noh), wa preceeding a or wey preceeding e
ua
wah as in Gualterio (gwahl-tair-ee-oh)
ue
weh as in Manuela (mah-nweh-lah)
V
beh, (beh pequeño), v as in Vicente (bee-sen-teh), same a "b"
W
doh-bleh-beh, v as in Washington (vah-sheeng-tohn), only used in foreign words
X
eh-keys, k-s as in Maximiliano (mahk-see-mee-lee-ah-noh)
Y
ee-gree-ay-gah, y (as in york) as in Nueva York (nweh-vah york)
Z
say-tah, s as in Zacarías (sah-kah-ree-ahs)
las vocales débiles
"i and u are called ""weak"" (débiles), which means that in combination with another vowel, they tend to lose their vocalic quality and sound like ""y"" and ""w"" (examples: bien has only one syllable [sílaba] and the vowel you hear is the ""e""; bueno has two syllables and sounds like ""bweno”).
las vocales fuertes
a, o, and e are called "strong" (fuertes). Two strong vowels are pronounced as two syllables: po·e·ma has three syllables, ca·os has two.
next to last sylable is accented when
ends in a vowel or -n or -s, clase, alumno, cantan, mesas, examen, naciones
last sylable is accented when
word ends in a consonant, except -n, or -s ciudad, papel, legal, cantar
when a dipthong accented, the accent goes over
the strong vowel: a, o, or e cáus ti co, na ción.
la diéresis
If the letter "u" is to be pronounced in a "gue/gui" combination, it is marked with a diaeresis: pingüino, bilingüe, nicaragüense
double consonants
only four cc,ll,nn,rr consonants can be duplicated to represent specific sounds: cc is used before "e" or "i" only and sounds ks: acción and acceso. ll sounds y: calle, llama. rr represents the famous "rolling r" between vowels only: perro, carro. nn is used only when a prefix ending in "n" is added to a word beginning with "n": innecesario, connotación. No other consonants are duplicated.
accenting a weak vowel
used to stress a weak vowel (i, u) that is followed or preceded by a strong vowel (a, e, o): dí·a, Ma·rí·a, Ra·úl, o·í·do, a·hí, ra·íz, mí·o, dú·o, ge·o·gra·fí·a
accented one-sylable words
done only to distinguish between words spelled the same but with different meanings- si/sí, el,él, se/sé
capital letters- las mayúsculas- not used for
days, months or religions: lunes, martes, enero, febrero, el budismo, un católico. Also not used for adjectives that come from cities, countries, or rivers- venezolano, norteamericano, panameña, guatemalteco, caribeño.
capital letters- las mayúsculas- book titles
In long titles (of books, stories, movies, etc.), only the first word and any proper nouns are capitalized: La cabaña del tío Tom, Antología del cuento hispánico, Cien años de soledad.