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69 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Superior
(cranial or cephalad)
Toward the head and or upper part of a structure or the body; above
Inferior
(caudal)
Away from the head end of toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below
Anterior
(ventral)*
Toward or at the front of the body; in front of
Posterior
(dorsal)*
Toward or at the backside of the body; behind
Medial
Toward or at the midline of the body; on the outer side of
Lateral
Away from the midline of the body; on the outer side of
Intermediate
Between a more medial and a more lateral structure
Proximal
Close to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
Distal
Farther from the origin of a body part of the point of atachment of a limb to the body trunk
Superficial
Toward or at the body surface
Deep
Away from the body surface; more internal
Abdominal
Anterior body trunk inferior to ribs
Acromial
Point of shoulder
Antecubital
Anterior surface of elbow
Axillary
Armpit
Brachial
Arm
Buccal
Cheek area
Carpal
Wrist
Cervical
Neck region
Coxal
Hip
Crural
Leg
Digital
Fingers; Toes
Femoral
Theigh
Fibular
Lateral part of leg
Inguinal
Area where theigh meets body trunk; Groin
Nasal
Nose area
Oral
Mouth
Orbital
Eye area
Patellar
Anterior knee
Pelvic
Area overlying the pelvis anteriorly
Pubic
Genital region
Sternal
Breastbone area
Tarsal
Ankle region
Thoracic
Chest
Umbilical
Naval
Cephalic
Head
Deltoid
Curve of sholder formed by large deltoid muscle
Gluteal
Buttock
Lumbar
Area of back between ribs and hips
Occipital
Posterior surface of head
Popliteal
Posterior knee area
Sacral
Area between hips
Scapular
Shoulder blade region
Sural
The posterior surface of lower leg; the calf
Vertebral
Area of spine
section
cut
plane
imaginary line
sagittal section
a cut made along the lengthise, or longitudinal plane of the body, dividing the body into left and right parts.
midsagital/median section
a cut made along the median plane of the body and the right and left parts are equal in size.
frontal section/coronal section
a cut made along lengthwise planethat divides the body (or an organ) into anterior and posterior parts.
transverse section / cross sectoin
a cut made along a horizontal plane, dividing the body or organ into superior and inferior parts.
dorsal body cavity
the backside of the body
cranial cavity
the space insdie the bony skull
spinal cavity
cavity that extends from the cranial cavity nearly to the end of the vertebral column
ventral body cavity
the frontside of the body
thoracic cavity
cavity seperated from the rest of the ventral cavity by the diaphragm
diaphragm
dome-shaped muscle in the thoracic cavity
abdominopelvic cavity
the cavity inferior to the diaphragm
pelvic cavity
cavity superior to the abdominal cavity that includes the reproductive organs, bladder, and the rectum
umbilical region
the centermost region, deep to and surrounding the umbilicus (navel)
epigastric region
region that is located superior to the umbilical region
hypogastric (pubic) region
region inferior to the umbilical region.
right and left iliac /
inguinal regions
regions that are lateral to the hypogastric region
right and left lumbar regions
regions that lie lateral to the umbilical region
right and left hypochondriac regions
regions that flank the epigastric region and contain the lower ribs
right upper quadrant
upper right section of the stomach
left upper quadrant
upper left section of the stomach
right lower quadrant
lower right section of the stomach
left lower quadrant
lower left section of the stomach