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87 Cards in this Set

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Future tense is used after ____ ____ (when) _____ _____ (as soon as)____ (after)
(when)
quand, losque

(as soon as)
dés que, aussitot que

(after)
aprés que
how is the future formed
infinitive + its own endings
future endings
ai
as
a
ons
ez
ont
Future- aller
ir
Future- avoir
aur
Future- courir
courr
Future- faire
fer
Future- mourir
mourr
Future- pouvoir
pourr
Future- recevoir
recevr
Future- devoir
devr
Future- envoyer
enverr
Future- eter
ser
Future- savoir
saur
Future- venir
viendr
Future- voir
verr
Future- vouloir
voudr
Future- falloir
faudr
What does the future perfect express?
What will have taken place before another action in the future.

Will Have + Past Participle.
How do you form the perfect future?
the auxilary verbs avoir and etre are congegated in the future tense followed by the past participle
WHen do you use the imparfait?
When you are describing things that had happend in the past. specificlly habits/regular activities, weather, background, state of mind/many feelings
how do you form the imparfait?
take nous present tense form of the verb and remove ONS + imparfait endings. (ais, ais, ait, ions, iez,aient)
Imparfait- danser (je)
dansait
Imparfait-aller (nous)
allions
Imparfait- boire (vous)
buviez
Imparfait- conduire (tu)
conduisais
Imparfait- ecrire (il)
ecrivait
What does the present conditional express?
What would of happened if another event had taken place.
how do you form the present conditional?
the auxillary verb in the conditional is followed by the past participle.
conditional for avoir
aurais
aurais
aurait
aurions
auriez
auraient
conditional for etre
serais
serais
serait
serions
seriez
seraient
could have
Avoir + pouvoir
should have
avoir + devoir
when do is plus que parfait used
in the past, happend before everything else happened in the past
how is plus que parfait formed
Imparfait of Avoir or Etre + past participle of verb.
plus que parfait- danser
avais danse
plus que parfait- aller
etais alle
plus que parfait- sortir
etions sortie
How do you form the passe compose?
present tense avoir and etre + the past participle of the verb
PP

ir
i
PP

er
é
PP

re
u
PP

conduire
conduit
PP

offrir
offert
PP

dire
dit
PP

écrire
écrit
PP

mettre
mis
PP

prendre
pris
PP

rire
ri
PP

boire
bu
PP

connaitre
connu
PP

devoir
PP

lire
lu
PP

pouvoir
pu
PP

savoir
su
PP

venir
venu
PP

voir
vu
PP

avoir
eu
PP

etre
été
PP

Faire
fait
PP

mourir
mort
how do you form present participles
drop the present tense nous form of the verb and then add endding ant
irregular Present participle
---------

utilisons
utilisant
irregular Present Participle
---------

finir
fissant
irregular Present Participle
---------

battre
battant
irregular Present Participle
---------

faire
faisant
irregular present participle
---------

Etre
etant
irregular Present Participle
---------

avoir
ayant
irregular Present Participle
---------

savoir
sachant
What are the agreement rules of the present participles
when it is used as an adjective agreement is made with the noun that the present participle modifies.

when it is used as a verb no agreement is made.
When do you use the subjunctive?
After a "que" to express emotions, uncertainty, desires, opinions
How is the subjunctive formed?
Ils/Elles present tense of the verb, remove "-ent" + subjunctive endings (-e,-es,-e,-ions,-iez,-ent)
Irregular Subjunctive
---------------
avoir
aie
aies
ait
ayons
ayez
aient
Irregular Subjunctive
---------------
etre
sois
sois
soit
soyons
soyez
soient
What does the conditionnel express?
politness, something you would like have done
How do you form the conditionnel?
Infinitive form + imparfait endings
Irregular forms Conditional
---------------
aller
irais
Irregular forms Conditional
---------------
avoir
aurais
Irregular forms Conditional
---------------
Faire
ferais
Irregular forms Conditional
---------------
pouvoir
pourrais
Irregular forms Conditional
---------------
recevoir
recevrais
Irregular forms Conditional
---------------
devoir
devrais
Irregular forms Conditional
---------------
envoyer
enverrais
Irregular forms Conditional
---------------
etre
serais
Irregular forms Conditional
---------------
savoir
saurais
Irregular forms Conditional
---------------
venir
viendrais
Irregular forms Conditional
---------------
vouloir
voudrais