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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka Kansas
Repealed Plessy v. Ferguson. Established that seperate was inherently unequel.
Cohens v. Virginia
Cohens was found guilty by Virginia Supreme Court. Appealed to US Supreme Court which upheld Virginia's decision. However Virginia responded by saying that the US Supreme Court had no right to agree or disagree.
Dartmouth College v. Woodward
Affirmed that contracts were binding under U.S. constituion even if they were made before the U.S. constitution was written.
Fletcher v. Peck
Gave U.S. Supreme Court the authority to invalidate state laws that conflict with federal laws.
Gibbons v. Ogden
Battle between two companies one of which was granted a monopoly to run a ferry between New York and New Jersey by the state of New York. U.S. Supreme Court established that the federal goverment had sole power over interstate commerce.
Gideon v. Wainwright
Landmark case of the Warren court which established that and person who cannot afford an attorney must be provided with one at the cost of the state.
McCulloch v. Maryland
Marshall court rules that the "power to tax is the power to destroy" and that the state of Maryland could not tax the Bank of the United States.
Marbury v. Madison
The most significant case in U.S. Supreme Court history. Established the power of judicial review when the court determined that congressional legislation was unconstitutional.
Miranda v. Arizona
Landmark case of the Warren court which requires all peace officers to inform suspects of their constitutional rights at the time of their arrest.
Roe v. Wade
Established a women's right to chose to have an abortion and thus made abortion legal in all 50 states.
Wabash Railroad Decision
Affirmed the federal power to regulate interstate commerce when the court ruled that a state's attempt to regulate railroad monopolies was unconstitutional.
Dred Scott v. Sanford
More commonly know as teh Dred Scott Case. Ruled unconstitutional the already-repealed Missouri Compromise. Established that a slave is a slave no matter where in the United States he lives.
Northern Securities Co. v U.S.
Court ruled that a holding company formed soley to eliminate competition between two railroads restrained trade. Major trust busting case.
Muller v. Oregon
Established a 10 hour working day for women. Case was unusual becuase instead of presenting legal arguments the state argued that number of hours women worked affected their morals and that women must be protected.
Standard Oil Co. of New Jersey et al. v. U.S.
Court ruled that Standard Oil must be dissolved becuase of its unreasonable restraint of trade.
U.S. v. Nixon
Court ruled that executive privilage did not apply in a criminal trial.
U.S. v. E.C. Knight Co.
Due to a narrow interpretation of the Sherman Anti-Trust act the court ruled that because the E.C. Knight Company produced sugar they were not limiting trade merely production and therefore could not be broken up under the Sherman Anti-trust act.