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39 Cards in this Set

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weather
the condition of the atmosphere in a specific place at a specific time
air
a mixture of gases in the air
sphere
a 3-dimentional circle/ball; meaning around
parachute
a device made of light material shaped like an umbrella and used for making a safe jump from an airplane
air resistance
the parachute pushed the air out of the way to be able to move. The air was pushin back, so the parachute moved slowly downward.
rain gauge
used to measure the amount of rain or snow that has fallen
meteorologists
scientists who study the weather
temperature
describes how hot or cold the air is
gravity
a pulling force
force
to push or pull
compressed air
when air is forced
matter
anything that takes up space and has weight
3 states of matter
solid, liquid, and gas
atmosphere
air around the earth
hydrosphere
water around the earth
lithosphere
land around the earth
evaporate
water changes to a gas
condensate
when gas changes into a liquid
precipitation
rain, snow, sleet, hail falling from the sky
clouds
drops of water in the air
wind
moving air
cirrus
clouds that are high and thin, usually seen during fair weather
cumulus
clouds that are big and fluffy looking, they mean fair weather if they are sprinkled across the sky and a storm when they are large and begin to cover the sky.
stratus
clouds that are low and gray, they can stretch over the whole sky and bring light rain or snow
temperature
how warm or cool something is
thermometer
a tool used to measure temperature
anemometer
a tool used to measure wind speed
weather vane
a tool used to measure wind direction
rain gauge
a tool used to measure the amount of rainfall
climate
the usual weather in an area
flood
water flows over the land
observe
using one or more of the five senses
classify
putting things into groups, ordering
hypothesis
making a good guess based on prior knowledge
predictt
making a good guess about the future
infer
what you "think" based on what you observe
conclusion
the results
physical change of matter
can be changed back to what it was
chemical change of matter
can not be changed back to what it was