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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Most common HIV associated infection of the mouth (TEST)
Oropharyngeal Candidiasis (thrush)
distinguishes oral hairy Leukoplakia from oral candidiasis (thrush)
Doesn’t “scrape off”
Oral Hairy Leukoplakia is caused by this virus
Epstein-Barr virus
Red-purple macules, papules, plaques, or nodules Usually skin; >50% have oral lesions
Kaposi’s Sarcoma
Crops of small, PAINFUL vesicles that ulcerate (TEST)
Herpes Simplex
Treatment of herpes simplex
Acyclovir 400 mg po TID x 7-10 d (IV if severe)
Sudden onset; may have a painful prodrome without any obvious lesion. Painful;Follows a dermatomal distribution; usually unilateral distribution often febrile.
Herpes Zoster
Treatment of Herpes Zoster
high dose acyclovir 800 mg po 5X/day
Oral ulcers may have a “punched-out” appearance and inclusion bodies when looked at unde the microscope
Cytomegalovirus (CMV)
how do you make the diagnosis of CMV [test]
Biopsy showing characteristic inclusion bodies
Most common cause of esophageal infection (TEST)
Candida esophagitis
Second most common viral infection of the esophagus
Herpes Simplex Esophagitis
Always consider _______ in the patient with suspected esophageal bacterial infection
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Inflammation of the gallbladder not associated with gallstones
Acalculous Cholecystitis
Treatment for acalculous cholecystitis