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563 Cards in this Set

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The period between 1860 and 1870 in the US saw the beginning of suburbanization, with the creation of small settlements beyond large cities. Which of the following cities exemplifies this early American suburbanization?

a) Radburn, New Jersey
b) Riverside, Illinois
c) Lake Forest, Illinois
B
Which system may be used for legal description purposes?

a) US Government Survey
b) Metes and Bounds
c) Lot, block, and tract
d) All of the above
D
Fred French Co. v. City of new York introduced for the first time the concept of?

a) Plnned unit development
b) Transfer of development
rights
c) Eminent domain
d) Open space zoning
A
Which of the following would most appropriately be the function of a state government rather than the local or federal governments?

a) Aesthetics regulations
b) Historic properties
designation
c) Redevelopment
d) Scenic rivers designation
D
Among the many projects during the early years of the New Deal Era, what was a major regional development program that became known as?

a) The Tenessee Valley
Authority
b) The USHA Program
c) The Greenbelt Towns
d) The PWA Program
A
Which "Great Expediter" said, "If the ends don't justify the means, then what the hell does"?

a) Daniel Burnham
b) Mike Waiczis
c) Robert Moses
d) Adolph Hitler
C
Courts have ruled that rezoning does NOT constitute spot zoning if?

a) The rezoning is adopted by
unanimouse vote of the
legislative body.
b) The rezoning is not
appealed.
c) The rezoning is enacted in
accordance with a
comprehensive plan.
d) The rezoning allows for
special permit or special
exception waivers.
C
"Amortization" as it applies to zoning practice refers to?

a) The prohibition of
expanding non-conforming
uses.
b) The determination of the
remaining useful life of a
pre-existing non-
conforming use.
c) The purchase of property
for public use.
d) Eminent domain.
B
In 1880, George Pullman designed and built the Town of Pullman, a model industrial town in the state of?

a) New York
b) Ohio
c) Illinois
d) Michigan
C
Initiated in 1969, the "A-95" clearinghouse review process was responsible for?

a) Massive eminent domain
suits.
b) The creation of regional
planning agencies.
c) The recession in the
midwest.
d) Construction of affordable
housing in the northeast.
B
"The Baltimore Plan" refers to?

a) Baltimore's 1895 master
plan.
b) Balitmore's 1985 master
plan.
c) The cleaning up of various
cities in the 1950s.
d) Construction of affordable
housing in the northeast.
C
This 1915 zoning case involved the operation of a brickyard within metropolitan Los Angeles. Name it.

a) Hadachek v. Sebastian
b) Euclid v. Ambler Realty
c) Jones v. Los Angeles
d) Nectow v. Cambridge
A
Of the following techniques for preserving agricultural land, which would be the MOST effective?

a) Transfer of Development
Rights.
b) No growth policy.
c) Building permit
moratorium.
d) Righ to farm ordinance.
B
What is satisficing?

a) A term menaing that an
applicant is satisfied
with the approval of his
project.
b) Accepting policy options
short of maximizing goal
attainament.
c) Accepting policy options
short to attaining 100%
consensus.
d) Both B and C.
D
Transportation Systems Management (TSM) includes all of the following EXCEPT?

a) Carpooling and vanpooling
incentives.
b) Major new transportation
facilities.
c) Improved transit service.
d) Staggered work schedules.
B
A county planner leaves the public sector to become a consultant. How long should she wait before representing a private client in any action before the county she may have influenced before leaving public employment. The planner is a member of AICP.

a) 1 year
b) 2 years
c) 3 years
d) Never
A
Which of the following statements are NOT true?

I. As activities become more complex, an organization tends to grow downward at a rapid rate.
II. Horizontal growth may occur only at the top level of an organization.
III. Public information and technical assistance are examples of specialized staff activities.
IV. The three basic line functions can be applied to departmental structure as well as to the
organization itself.

a) I and IV
b) I and III
c) II and IV
C
2. You are working at the public counter when an angry citizen begins to yell at you. How do you
handle this situation?

I. Tell him you will meet him in the parking lot in 10 minutes.
II. Insist that the gentleman calm down so you can assist him.
III. Invite him into the office with another staff member to discuss his problem on an individual basis.
IV. Call the police and have him arrested.

a) I only
b) I and II
c) IV only
d) II and III
D
A principal planner of a large metropolitan area is responsible for facilitating the organization of a
parks and open space advisory committee for the county. Representatives from which of the
following groups should be considered for the committee?

I. Stockbrokers, bankers, real estate brokers.
II. Landscape architects, private citizens, and law enforcement.
III. Chamber of commerce, building industry, farmers.
IV. Environmentalist group, small business operator, school district.

a) I an IV
b) II and III
c) I, II, and IV
d) All of the above
D
Which of the following cour cases FIRST established the concept of "public welfare"?

a) Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty Co.
b) Golden v. Planning Board of Ramapo.
c) Southern Burlington County NAACP v. Township of Mount Laurel.
d) Necton v. City of Cambridge.
A
Edward M. Bassett
1863-1948
Father of Zoning.
Helped shape Standard City Enabling Act - 1928
Who was Alfred Bettman?
What were his positions?
What did he influence?
What did he play a key role in?
*Cincinatti Lawyer & 1st President of the American Society of Planning Officials
*Planning Law
*Played key role in Cincinatti Plan - 1925;
Euclid v. Amber (1926)
Who is Daniel Hudson Burnham?
What is he known as?
What is he known for?
What is his quote?
*Father of city planning in US.
*1909 "Plan for Chicago" that gave birth to modern city planning.
*His White City at the Columbian Expo inspired the City Beautiful Movement.
*Make no small plans: they have no magic to stir men's (or women's) blood.
Who was Clarence Stein?
What did he desing?
What did he Chair?
Co-designed Radburn, NJ
NY Commission of HOusing
The primary purpose of the census, as indicated in the US Constitution is to provide the basis for?

a) Fair apportionment among the states of seats in the US House of Representatives.
b) The districbution of federal funds to state and local governments.
c) The distribution of state funds to local governments.
d) The fair apportionment among the states of seats in the US Senate.
A
The "Zoning Game" was written by?

a) Richard Babcock
b) Jane Jacobs
c) Lewis Mumford
d) Ian McHarg
A
Which of the following would most appropriately be the function of the federal government?

a) Aesthetics regulations
b) Air pollution control
c) Zoning
d) School planning
B
The 1858 design of the Central Park of New York City was prepared by?

a) Fredrick Olmsted Law Sr and Calvert Vaux
b) Tony Dowe and Jerry Mathers
c) Andrew Jackson Downing
d) Theodora Kimball and William C. Bryant
A
When testing statistical hypotheses, results that are unlikely to have occurred by chance are called?

a) Random
b) Significant
c) Normal
d) Critical
B
Which of the following would be primarily a local government function?

a) River basin management.
b) Air pollution abatement.
c) Zoning
d) Critical environmental areas designation.
C
The American "Greenbelt" towns were built in the 1930s by?

a) The City Housing Corporation
b) The Resettlement Administration of the US Dept of Agriculture
c) The Dept of Housing and Urban Development
d) The PWA Housing Division
B
The difference between the use of police power and eminent domain in environmental and land use regulation is that?

a) Eminent domain requires compensation.
b) Police power requires compensation.
c) Eminent domain is a power of the federal government only.
d) Police power cannot be exercised by local government.
A
The New York Court of Appeals held that a restriction of the rate of growth of a municipality through establishment of rigid performance standards was constitutional in which case?

a) Berman v. Parker
b) Golden v. Planning Board of the Town of Ramapo
c) Windsor v. Whitney
d) Eubank v. Richmond
B
A pattern of population change that exhibits a constant rate of change is the?

a) Rate of population change.
b) Geometric growth rate.
c) Arithmetic growth rate.
d) Linear progression rate.
B
Regional Malls typically consist of between 750,000 and 2 million square feet gross leaseable area (GLA). What size population is required for a mall to be successful?

a) 150,000
b) 200,000
c) 250,000
d) 300,000
C
The senior planner for a small rural community is considering conducting a survey of town residents as to their opinions on the proposed expansion of the town landfill. He is planning on using a questionnaire mailed to all resident taxpayers. The degree of interviewer bias in this type of questionnaire is generally?

a) High
b) Medium
c) Low
C
St. Louis, Pittsburgh, and Louisville were all?

a) Founded on rivers.
b) Ceded to the US by Spain
c) Industrial cities.
A
In local government, line positions are those that?

a) Stand in line for their paychecks.
b) Order general supplies.
c) Provide service to the public.
d) Arrest criminals and put out fires.
C
An associate planner argued successfully against any further non-residential development withih the town's water recharge areas. Five years later, as a consultant to a national shopping mall developer, this same person aggresively pursued a re-zoning of 1000 acres of land within the town's public water supply recharge areas. Does this violate the AICP Code of Ethics?

a) Definitely
b) Possibly
c) No. Not as long as there is full disclosure.
C
A county's planning manager resigned her position to join a consulting firm. Fed up with one of the plannin board's ,e,bers, she ran against him in the next public election for the planning board. She beats him decisively. Does this violate the AICP Code of Ethics?

a) Definitely
b) Possibly
c) No
C
Roadway delays per vehicle between 40 and 60 seconds would define a Level of Service of?

a) LOS A
b) LOS C
c) LOS D
d) LOS E
D
Roadway delays per vehicle between 15 and 25 seconds would have a level of service of?

a) LOS A
b) LOS C
c) LOS D
d) LOS E
B
The planning director of a moderate-size town is developing a town-wide survey on opinions relating to growth and open space preservation. She has decided to conduct the survey by interviewing on a random basis 1% of the town's population. In general, how effective will her survey be in eliciting responses?

a) Good
b) Moderate
c) Poor
A
In a town of 95,000, which program is likely to be used to address the goal of increasing affordable housing?

a) Capital Improvement Program
b) Inclusionary Housing Program
c0 Impact Fee Program
d) Growth Phasing Program
B
Which map is extremely useful in determining the location of prime farmland?

a) USGS Topographic
b) USGS ortho-photo quad
c) Soil Conservation Service soil survey
d) Project flood maps
C
What are the principle advantages of the NAICS codes over the SIC codes they replaced?

a) Relevancy - NAICS is more relevant to today's economy. The identified over 350 new industries and 9 new service industry sectors.
b) Consistency - NAICS uses a consistent classification principle. Businesses that use similar production processes are grouped together.
c) Comparability - NAICS is used by the US, Canada, and Mexico to produce comparable data.
d) All of the above.
D
Although the device grants specific rights to the land, title is not. Name it.

a) Fee sale
b) Easement
c) Bargain sale
d) Right of first refusal
B
Of the following growth management techniques, which would likely be overturned in court if employed for an extended period of time (e.g., 4 years)?

a) Building permit caps
b) Subdivision phasing
c) Large lot zoning
d) Building permit moratorium
D
Of the following growht management techniques, which would likely be used to reduce development density?

a) Building permit caps
b) Subdivision phasing
c) Large lot zoning
d) Building permit moratorium
C
Of the following growth management techniques, which would likely be used to protect water supplies while land within the watershed is being acquired for watershed protection?

a) Building permit caps
b) Subdivision phasing
c) Large lot zoning
d) Building permit moratorium
D
Of the following, which is the most appropriate entitlement to waive the frontage requirements for lot located on an isolated hillside?

a) Variance
b) Special permit
c) Cluster Zoning
d) Rezoning
A
Of the following, which is the most appropriate to regulate the development of a new landfill?

a) Variance
b) Special permit
c) Cluster zoning
d) Rezoning
B
Native American tribes referred to as "Non-IRA tribes" are those that?

a) Are not recognized by the Department of the Interior.
b) Are recognized by the Department of the Interior but do not have designated tribal lands.
c) Are recognized by teh Department of the Interior but are regulated by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
d) Did not organize under the 1934 Reorganization Act
D
Developments occurring on Native American trust lands, within a designated reservation, are subject to ____ regulations governing development.

a) State
b) Local
c) Federal
C
In which landmark case did the court's ruling uphold a restrictive zoning designation on the theory that the low density zoning served "legitimate governmental goals" such as discouraging the premature and unnecessary conversion of open space to urban uses?

a) Southern Burlington Co. NAACP v. Township of Mt. Laurel (1) - 1972
b) Sourthern Burlington Co. NAACP v. Township of Mt Laurel (2) - 1983
c) Nollan v. Calif. Coastal Commission - 1987
d) Agins v. City Tiburon - 1980
D
Which of the following demonstrates the useful function of a computerized traffic model?

a) Test the impact on traffic of different land use scenarios.
b) Analyze the effectiveness of various physical improvements.
c) Determine the impact of future zoning amendments.
d) All of the above.
D
Medicare, the Government's FIRST medical insurance program for the elderly, was put into place during which administration?

a) Johnson
b) Nixon
c) Carter
d) Regan, first term
A
The "Great Society" was a program that originated during the _____ administration?

a) Kennedy
b) Johnson
c) Nixon]
d) Bush
B
Parallel parking spaces typically have the following angle (in degrees)?

a) 0
b) 30
c) 45
d) 90
A
An ordinance requiring the set-aside of land or dollars to construct affordablew housing within a subdivision is referred to as?

a) Fees in lieu
b) Inclusionary
c) Exclusionary
d) INcentive
B
This technique is used to determine which particular steps in a project will be the most important to keeping a project going. It frequently is used to manage the scheduling of construction projects. Name it.

a) Critical Path Programming
b) Cost-Benefit Analysis
c) Program Evaluation and Review Techniques (PERT)
d) MBO
A
"Potentially responsible parties" (RPAs) is a term in which federal environmental law?

a) Big Trees Preservation Act
b) Clean Air Act
c) Fairy Shrimp Protection Act
d) Supe Fund (CERCLA)
D
What type rate of interest is charged by the Federal Reserve on loans to commercail banks?

a) Interest rate
b) Discount rate
c) Market rate
d) None of the above
B
Advocacy planning describes the right of a neighborhood or othere group to propose and to promote plans directed to?

a) Social issues
b) Special interests
c) Its own needs and interests
d) All of the above
D
If an industry has a location quotient of 2.00 which of the following is TRUE?

a) It exports employment.
b) It imports employment.
c) It is experiencing unemployment.
d) It has twice as many jobs as employees.
A
An industry is an exporter of employment if it has a location quotient greater tha ____?

a) 0.01
b) .001
c) 1.00
d) 1000
C
An easement may be acquired by prescription ina a manner similar to acquisition of land by?

a) Eminent domain.
b) Adverse possession
c) A and B
B
An urban area defined as depressed and made eligible for special government assistance for economic development in the form of tax breaks and subsidies is?

a) Enterprise zone
b) Empowerment zone
c) Economic development zone
B
Areas generall characterized by low-density residential development (e.g. 1 to 5 du/acre) and limited commecial uses are called?

a) Rural residentail
b) Under developed
c) Suburban
d) Rare in New York City.
A
A system of describing and identifying land by measures and direction from an identifiable point of reference such as a monument, or other marker, the corner of intersecting street, or in rural areas a tree or other permanent feature is termed?

a) Physical description
b) Legal description
c) Metes and bounds
d) Base and meridian
C
MSA stands for?

a) Metropolitan study area
b) Metropolitan statistical area
c) Management systems analysis
B
Which of the following was an important goal of the Community Development Block Grants (CDBG) program?

a) To purchase concrete blocks for freeway construction.
b) To provide homes for the homeless
c) To create redevelopment agencies
d) To reduce the federal role in local government affairs.
D
A property that selects a statistical sample of a large population will always?

a) Reduce the amount of effort required to ascertain characteristics of population.
b) Provide a mathematical estimate of the accuracy of the calculated population characteristics.
c) Be the unbiased sample of the entire population.
d) Be of adequate size to satisfy confidence criteria if a pre-sample was used to determine the required sample size.
B
The logic of analysis, the worth of evaluation the consequences of alternatives, the validity and pertinence of information, and the effectiveness of standards and policies in achieving goals are all ideas central to the?

a) Evolution of rational management.
b) Modern public policy.
c) Early basis of planning.
A
Which of the following contribute to the provision of affordable housing?

a) Section 8 grants
b) Density bonus ordinances
c) Construction of government subsidized apartments
d) All of the above
D
Groups protested of establishing Disney's American theme park in Haymarket, VA in 1993 for which of the following reasons?

a) The new park would cause the downtown to further deteriorate.
b) The new park would have a negative impact on Civil War battlefields.
c) The new park was to close to another Great America's Six Flags Theme Park.
d) The new park would impact inadequate transportation systems.
B
Experts estimate that the amount of farmland that is being lost every minute in the US is about ____ acres?

a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 5
C
The significance of efficiency for planners is?

a) The efficiency with which plans are produced.
b) The efficiency that plans can produce.
c) The efficiency with which rapidly developing problems are handled.
B
The Clean Air Act grants state primacy in developing implentation plans. "Primacy" does not refer to which of the following?

a) Responsibility for development and enforcement of the plan.
b) Responsibility for identifying emission limits for specific sources.
c) Responsibility for approving plans and andy revisions.
d) All of the above.
C
Which of the following are functions of a city plan?

I. The plan is an expression of what a community wants.
II. The plan serves as a guide to decision making.
III. It represents the fulfillment of a legal requirement.
IV. It serves as the basis for code enforcement.

a) I and II
b) II and III
c) 1, II, and IV
d) 1, II, and III
D
When working with developers all of the following are necessary EXCEPT?

a) Respecting timetables.
b) Providing advice on the probable success of the business venture proposed.
c) Acknowledging profit/loss in the process.
d) Being concerned for disruption of customer relationships.
B
What is the primary difference between a variance and other land entitlements?

a) Findings are not necessary with a variance.
b) Variances are ministerially approved.
c) Manufactured housing (mobile homes)
d) The absence of a hardship requirement.
d
Which of the following regulatory agencies would typically conduct a site plan review for a public high school?

a) Planning Commission
b) Zoning Board of Appeals
c) State Planning Office
d) School District
C
Which of the following is the MOST IMPORTANT element in a customer service program?

a) An emphasis on people.
b) Staff expertise and training.
c) Identification of customers.
d) An objective for continuous improvement.
B
Who is Robert Moses?
What is his Quote?
What is he known as?
What did he shape?
What positions did he hold?
*If the end does not justify the means, then what the hell does?
*Great Expeditor
*Most significant contributor in shaping the NY region: 400 miles of parkways (Triborough Bridge & Jones Beach)
*Replaced Burnham as lead person on city planning in the 1920s
*Hired by Portland, OR to recommend a program for public improvements.
Who was Frederick Law Olmsted Sr?
He designed?
What is he known for?
*Riverside, IL and co-designed Central Park
*Site planner for the Columbian Expo.
Who is Lewis Mumford?

What did he influence?
What book did he author?
What was he a member of?
What was he a critic of?
*Sunnyside Gardens, NY & Radburn, NJ
*The Culture of Cities
*Regional Planning Association of America
*Outspoken critic of the Regional Plan of NY
Who is Frederick Law Olmsted Jr.
What position did he hold?
What did he design?
What did he shape?
*1st President of the American City Planning Institute.
*Forest Hills Gardens & Palos Verdes Estates.
*Helped shape the Standard Enabling Act,
Who is Unwin?
What did he influence?
What did he develop?
*Garden City Movement
*1st Comprehensive Suburban Neighborhood Design - Hampstead Garden Suburb (1907)
Who was John Ruskin?

What was he responsible for?
Greenbelt concept of the Garden City Movement
Who is Patrick Geddes?
What did he author?
What is his background?
What is he known for?
*Father of Regional Planning
*Author of "Cities in Evolution"
*British biologist and sociologist
*Innovative city planning theorist
Who is Paul Davidoff?

What did he found?
What is he known for?
*Founded the Suburban Action Institute Suburban Action Institute in 1969 whose members challenged exclusionary zoning in the courts winning the Mt Laurel case.
*Developed the concept of Advocacy Planning.
Who is Clarence Arthur Perry?
What concept is he linked to?
What book did he author?
*Neighborhood Unit Concept
*Regional Survey of New York and its Environs
Who is Ebeneezer Howard?

What movement is he linked to?
Garden City Movement
Who designed Central Park?
Frederick Law Olmsted Sr. & Calvert Vaux
What was the theme of the book, "The Use of Land: A Citizens Guide to Urban Growth"?
Vision of a more equitable and environmentally sensitive development.
Who is Jacob Riis?
What books did he author?
*Photo-journalist
*City Slums, How the Other Half Lives, The Children of the Poor.
Who is Catherine Bauer Wurster?
What book did she author?
Modern Housing
Who is Ian McHarg?
What is he known as?
What book did he write?
*Father of modern environmental policy.
*Design with Nature
In 1910, Forest Hills Gardens (Long Island NY) became?

a) The first cemetery on Long Island.
b) A historic monument.
c) The 1st American test of the neighborhood unit concept.
d) The first redevelopment district in New York state.
C
Which of the following was NOT a major port for immigrants in early US history?

a) New York City
b) Philadelphia
c) Chicago
d) Miami
D
Ian McHarg's "Design with Nature"?

a) Became a model for environmental planning
b) Influenced a whole generation of local, regional, and state planners.
c) Foreshadowed the institutionalization of environmental policy.
d) All of the above.
D
In 1934, Alfred Bettman became?

a) 1st Director of planning of Cincinnati.
b) 1st President of the American Society of Planning Officials
c) 1st City Planner to become a US Senator
d) 1st President of the APA
B
Radburn new town is located in?

a) New York
b) Main
c) Texas
d) New Jersey
D
Medicare, the Government's FIRST medical insurance program for the elderly was put into place during which administration?

a) Johnson
b) Nixon
c) Carter
d) Regan
A
The "Great Society" was a program that originated during the ____ administration?

a) Kennedy
b) Johnson
c) Nixon
d) Bush
B
The World's Columbian Exposition (1893) was the showcase for Daniel Burnham's?

a) Horseless carriage
b) White house
c) Circus
d) White city
D
The late 19th Century photojournalist, Jacob Riis, authored which of the following books?

I. City Slums
II. How the Other Half Lives
III.New Towns
IV. Childeren of the Poor

a) II and IV
b) 1 and II
c) II znd III
d) III and IV
A or B
The first suburban, auto-oriented, shopping center (Country Club Plaza) was constructed in 1922 at?

a) New York
b) Seattle
c) Kansas City
d) New Have
C
All of the following are known for thir involvement in organizational approaches to citizen participation EXCEPT?

a) Saul Alinsky
b) Patrick Geddes
c) Susan Arnstein
d) Paul Davidoff
B
Which of the following planning pioneers were concerned about housing?

a) Catherine Bauer Wurster
b) Jacob August Riis
c) George Pullman
d) All of the aboe.
D
Which of the following is true about Saul Alinsky?

a) He was a criminologist who lived in Illinois.
b) He was a community organizer in the Chicago slums.
c) He founded the "Back of the Yards" acvocacy organization.
d) All of the above.
D
Which of the following is NOT true about Kevin Lynch?

a) He was a designer.
b) He lived during the mid-twentieth century (502, 60s, 70s, and 80s).
c) He wrote, "The Image of the City (1960), A Theory of Good City Form (1981), and Site Planning (1984)"
d) He was the 1st President of APA.
D
The first statewide zoning system was introduced in 1978 in which state?

a) California
b) New York
c) Hawaii
d) Texas
C
George Pullman designed and built the Town of Pullman in 1880. Pullman was a model industrial town. In which state was it built?

a) New Jersey
b) Maryland
c) Illinois
d) Missouri
C
Which of the following is NOT a key feature of Radburn?

a) It had a variety of housing types.
b) Houses were turned around so they fronted on pedestrian paths rather than streets.
c) Military bases were constructed nearby.
d) High density left about half of the tract available for other uses - commercial, recreations, schools, open space.
C
To break up the stark grid pattern of previous urbanization, what street design techniques were utilized in residential design beginning in the late 1940s and early 1950s?

I. Greenbelts and parkway strips.
II. Cul-de-sacs.
III. Curvilinear streets.
IV. Loop streets.

a) I and II
b) 11 and III
c) I, II, and IV
d) II, III, and IV
D
The "Neighborhood Unit" concept is attributed to?

a) Kevin Lynch
b) Clarench Perry
c) Ian McHarf
c) Lewis Mumford
B
The Indian Reorganization Act provided for?

a) The re-settlement of Native American onto federal property.
b) Native Americans residing on reservations to organize for their common welfare.
c) Native Americans residing on reservations to adopt an appropriate constitution.
d) Both B and C
D
The Mall of America is located in?

a) Orlando, FL
b) Bloomington, MN
c) Autin, TX
d) Chicago, IL
B
Which of the following is the author of "Regional Survey of New York and it Environs" (1929) and the "Fathger" of the neighborhood concept?

a) Daniel Burnham
b) Clarence Perry
c) Raymond Unwin
B
The American Society of Planning Officials (ASPO) was established in?

a) 1924
b) 1934
c) 1964
d) 1974
B
Which city was the fastest growing in the 1990s?
Las Vegas
What is the Baltimore Plan?
The cleaning up of various cities in the 1950s.
The Yellow Book is?
Published by the National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA) and is a cookbbok for park and open space standards.
The Standard Zoning Enabling Act was established in?
1922
The new town of Columbia, MD was designed with which features?
*Neighborhood clusters
*Prior land assembly
What were the characteristics of greenbelt cities?
Name one, where was it located?
Who created it and why is it significant?
*Modified neighborhood units in the countryside surrounded by greenbelts of public land & served as "dormitory" suburbs.
*Greehills, Ohio
*Created in 1935 by the Resettlement Admin of the Fed Govt. Significant in that it was largely a failure. Court ruled govt could not use eminent domain for housing purposes.
The author of "Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform" is?

a) Lewis Mumford
b) Eveneezer Howard
c) Jacob Riis
d) Clarence Perry
B
The Yellow Book is?
Published by the National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA) and is a cookbbok for park and open space standards.
The Standard Zoning Enabling Act was established in?
1922
The new town of Columbia, MD was designed with which features?
*Neighborhood clusters
*Prior land assembly
What were the characteristics of greenbelt cities?
Name one, where was it located?
Who created it and why is it significant?
*Modified neighborhood units in the countryside surrounded by greenbelts of public land & served as "dormitory" suburbs.
*Greehills, Ohio
*Created in 1935 by the Resettlement Admin of the Fed Govt. Significant in that it was largely a failure. Court ruled govt could not use eminent domain for housing purposes.
The author of "Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform" is?

a) Lewis Mumford
b) Eveneezer Howard
c) Jacob Riis
d) Clarence Perry
B
The most outstanding example of suburban development undertaken during the FIRST period of suburbanization in the US is?

a) Pullman, IL
b) Reverhead, IL
c) Lake Forest, IL
d) Riverside, IL
D
Which of the following was a unique regional development organization, and forbearer of contemporary COGs and MPOs?

a) Tenessee Valley Authority (1933)
b) Plan of Chicago (1909)
c0 City Beautiful Movement
d) Housing Act of 1934
A
Which of the following is/are NOT true about Ebenezer Howard's philiosophy concerning the "Garden City" as presented in his 1898 book, "Tomorrow: a Peaceful Path to Real Reform"?

a) Victory gardens were to be a central part of every garden city.
b) The public should take a stand on urban expansion.
c) Garden cities represented the birth of the concept of New Town movement.
d) Garden cities were to be constructed surrounded by greenbelts of publicly held land premannetly committed to agriculture, theus precluding urban expansion and eliminating speculative land costs.
A
The Scottish-American natiralist and explorer who was a strong advocate for the creation of Yosemite National Park was?

a) Ansel Adams
b) John Muir
c) Ian McHarg
d) Theodore Roosevelt
B
Which noted planning pioneer made the following statement: "Historically, public opinion has favored development almost irrespective of the cost to the environment. Our laws and institutions...reflect a pro-development bias"?

a) Ian McHarg
b) Saul Alinsky
c) Richard Babcock
d) Kevin Lynch
D
City where the 1st officcially adopted comprehensive plan was spproved to create a legal connection betweeen zoning and the plan.
Cincinnati, 1925
What is the importance of the 1925 Cincinnati Plan?
Who was behind it?
Significance to City Planning?
*1st comprehensive plan having as its basis the welfare of the city as a whole incl extensive zoing.
*Alfred Bettman, Cincinnati attorney heavily involved w/United City Planning Committee that worked with the city to develop a comprehensive plan.
*Incl an official adoption of long-term development goals. Importance - concept uses legal control of development as a tool to achieve long-range community goals. Serves as a contrast tpo earlier zoning codes in which codes were not established with long-term goals in mind.
The first statewide zoning system was introduced in 1978 in which state?
Hawaii
Importance of The Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)?
Who was behind it?
Why significant to City Planning?
*Independent, multi-functional governmental agency created for regional planning and development of the Tennessee River Valley.
*Created by FDR and Fed Govt as a "New Deal" program to create jobs through public infrastructure projects. Person behind TVA created in 1933 was Senator Norris.
*Modern regional planning agencies have their roots in TVA.
Contemporary City
Who designed it?
What theory does it adhere
to?
What are its goals?
Who promoted it?
*LeCorbusier
*Utopianism
*Specific goals are clearly and powerfully stated.
*Promoted by a single individual.
What are the two most important characteristics of the New York Tenement House Law?
*Buildings were to be constructed with a narrow air shaft for ventilation.
*2 toilets were to be provided for each floor.
Greenbelt towns were built by?
Resettlement Administration of the US Dept of Agriculture in the 1930s.
Why is Radburn, NJ important?
*It represented the ideal of the American Planning movement.
*Represented the influence of the English Garden City theories in America.
What & where was Radburn?
Key figures in its development?
Elements and significance of Radburn?
*Radburn-Fairlawn, NH.
*Clarence Stein & Henry Wright through the City Housing Corp - 1928.
*Evolution of neighborhood idea that started in Hamstead, England.
Contained - Superblocks w/center parks bounded by 2 story SF housing. Extensive pedestrian paths. Became prototype for "advanced" land development for next 50 years.
What was City Beautiful?
Who was behind it?
Where did it start & why is it significant?
*Massive public works project to create employment & civic pride.
*Burnham proposed it in Chicago but got the idea from a successfully implemented Prisian plan from 1850-1870.
*Significance was realized much later during the Americna Depression of the 1930s when thousands were employed to build som the United State's most important public works projects.
Neighborhood Concept
Who is behind it?
What are its elements?
When and where was it
first built?
What period of planning
development would it
dominate?
*Clarence Perry
*Basic building block of a city. Elementary school in center & was bounded by main roads at its perimeter. Center to perimeter was walkable distance for a child. No industrial or commercial in the unit.
*1910 - Forest Hills Gardens - 1st American test of the neighborhood unit concept.
*Post-WWII development.
What did the ordinance of 1785 establish?
Why was it important?
*Established a system of rectangular survey coordinates for land west of the Appalacians.
*It opened the west to rapid settlement and resulted in rampant speculation of land.
What was the Garden City Movement
Who was Behind it?
Where did it start and why was it important?
*Mode of development that promoted "garden cities" of finite population surrounded by greenbelts of public land committed to agriculture preventing urban expansion & land speculation.
*Ebenezer Howard started it in his book, "Garden Cities of Tomorrow"
*Started in Letchworth, England in 1903. Planned in full detail by Barry Parker & Raymond Unwin. Led to 1st comprehensive neighborhood design.
Standard City Planning and Enabling Act
When was it enacted?
What Department?
What Government Official?
What Planner?
*1928
*US Dept of Commerce
*Secretary Herbert Hoover
*Frederick Law Olmsted Sr.
Who designed Riverside IL?
Why is it significant?
What are its key elements?
*Frederick Law Olmsted Sr & Calvert Vaux in the English Garden Style.
*One of the 1st suburban style developments with features replicated in modern suburbs. Iconic symbol of the owner - manager class.
*Features included curvilinear streets, SF detached homes w/deep setbacks, extensive use of lawn & shade trees.
Why is Radburn important?

a) It was the first American New Town
b) It represented the ideal of the American Planning movement.
c) It represented the influence of the English Garden City theories in American
d) B and C
D
Which of the following is NOT a basic feature of Radburn, NJ?

a) The orginal concept called for a town of 30,000 with commerce, industries, schools, and recreation areas.
b) The city was designed by Lewis Mumford in 1929.
c) The designers envisioned a variety of building types, pedestrian environments, super blocks, interior courts, and bypass traffic.
d) Only 866 homes were completed. Half of these were SFR and the rest were duplexes. There were about 10 homes per acre.
B
Which of the following methods did Alisky's followers utilize?

a) Disruption of normal activities and use of protests and boycotts.
b) Use of marches and rent strikes.
c) Violent demonstrations.
d) All of the above.
D
Joel Garreau was concerned about which of the following?

a) Edge cities
b) Leap frog development
c) Package sewer plants
d) Building moratoriums
A
The new town of Columbia, MD was deigned with which of the following planned features?

I Neighborhood clusters
II A rail system
III Prior land assembly
IV Prohibition of Industry

a) II only
b) I and III
c) III and IV
d) I, III, and IV
B
"Cities in Evolution" was writeen by?

a) Patrick Geddes
b) Ebenezer Howard
c) Clarence Perry
d) Patick Gilles
A
Planning pioneer Clarence Perry presented the "Neighborhood Unit Principle" in the 1929 publication?

a) Housing and the Mechanic Age
b) Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform
c) The Culture of Cities
d) Regional Survey of New York and Its Environs
D
Wome in suburbia during the 1940s and 1950s provide a good example of the way in which demographic change creates new planning needs for a specific group. Which of the following shows this phenomenon?

a) Low density suburbs became a principal land use designation in general plans.
b) The adventures of Ozzie and Harriet became a piopulat TV show.
c) The need for transportation to and from the suburbs gave rise to new highway construction.
c) a and c
D
Which of the following colonial cities were planned with public open space (Town squares)?

a) Boston and Savannah
b) Philadelphia and New Have
c) A and B
C
The original 18th century plan for Washington DC was developed by?

a) George Washington
b) Ben Franklin
c) Paul Revere
d) Charle Piere L'Enfant
D
In the 1990s, the Census Bureau reported the total number of US farms had dipped below 2 million, the lowest number since?

a) World War II
b) The Great Depression
c) The turn of the century
d) Before the Civil War
D
When adjusted to today's economy, the current minimum wage is ____ than it was 50 years ago?

a) Higher
b) Lower
c) About the same
d) No comparison can be made.
B
Part of a package of growth management laws enacted in Florida in 1985, concurrency requires?

a) Deposits of substantial currency as bond for required improvements for new developments.
b) The processing and approval of multiple entitlements to streamline the permitting process.
c) That new development be prohibited unless adequate infrastructure is, or soon will be, in place to support new growth.
C
A central component of the 1985 Phoenix General Plan is the concept of?

a) Urban sprawl
b) Rural residential subdivision
c) Growth management and moratoriums on new development
d) Urban villages
D
Published in 1979. the so-called yellow book is?

a) A publication of radical planning thought.
b) A cookbook for park and open space standards.
c) Published by the National Recreation and Park Association (NRPA).
d) B and C
D
During the last half of the 20th century, the nation's 25 largest cities had which of the following in common?

a) The all experienced an increase in employment opportunities.
b) The violent crime rate dropped in all 25 cities.
d) The local tax rate declined in all 25 cities.
d) All of them experienced a decline in the median family income.
D
Early plans for cities such as Washington DC, Detroit, and New York were largely rejected, changed, or ignored, in keeping with?

a) The concept of minimal government responsibility.
b) Rampant land speculation.
c) Minimal interference with private property.
d) All of the above.
D
Former President Richard Nixon created which agency in 1970?

a) The National Child Protection Agency
b) The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
c) The California Environmental Quality Act
d) Watergate National Archives Agency
B
In 1945, the muliplt-nuclei model fpr American urban structure was proposed by?

a) F.W. Horton and D.R. Reynolds
b) Barry Garner
c) Homer Hoyt
d) Edward L. Ullmand and Chauncey D. Harris
D
The Vieux Carre (French Quarter) historic core of New Orleans was?

a) Completely destroyed in 1957
b) Designated as a protected district in 1932.
c) Th first area in the US to receive landmark preservation status.
d) B and C
D
Which of the following is a concept of the "New York Zoning Resolution"?

a) Uses allowed in zoning districts were "cumulative"
b) The city's water supply would be protected.
c) Persons aggrieved by the Resolution were granted rights of appeal.
d) Building codes would be strictly enforced.
A
The Standard Zoning Enabling Act (SZEA) was issued in?
a) 1925
b) 1922
c) 1927
d) 1928
B
Center-of-the-block parks bounded by 2-story SF houses, pedestrian paths to local schools, and nearby shopping centers are all design elements of?

a) Grid city design
b) Growth management planning
c) Greenbelt towns
d) Superblock housing
D
In 1959, Ian McHarg published?

a) The Yosemite
b) Site Planning
c) The History of the City
d) Design with Nature
D
The FIRST major regional shopping center to open in the United States was?

a) Southland Mall, Hayward, CA (1963)
b) Sun Valley Mall, Sun Valley, CO (1959)
c) Northland Center, MI (1954)
d) Manchester Mall, Fresno, CA (1958)
C
Advocacy Planning is axxociated closely with Paul Davidoff and Saul Alinsky. A significant effect of the advocacy movement was?

a) It helped single women get off welfare.
b) It caused social planning to move from backroom negotiations out into the public forum.
c) It reduced the need for more environmental documentation.
d) It gave rise tot he civil rights movements.
B
Which of the following is TRUE about New York's Central Park?

I The park was designed by Fredeick Law Olmsted Sr and Calver Vaux
II Construction was intiated in the 1850s
III The park was authorized by the New York State legislature in reaction to the lack of open space in the city.
IV The park was the first "English garden" to be realized in America and it became a model for all city parks to this day.

a) I and III
b) II and III
c) II, III, and IV
d) All of the above
D
"Power is the basis for successfully negotiating for economic and political gains. Neighborhoods have to disrupt normal activity. This is accomplished through such things as pickets and marches." Referes to?

a) Alinsky's Organizations
b) Charette
c) Citizen Referendum
d) Delphi Method
A
"There is no overall, common public interest to be served in planning. The planner serves a variety of groups with diverse goals and interests." Name the planning theory.

a) Utopianism
b) Advocacy Planning
c) Charette
d) Citizen Referendum
B
What is the chief importance of the Tenessee Valley Authority Act (1937)?

a) It set in place an agency to stop flooding.
b) It created an agency to oversee the generation of electric power.
c) It is the earliest example of federal legislation in the US for planning in its modern sense.
d) A and B.
C
Which of the following are reasons for Post WWII suburbanization?

I Availability of federal and state highway construction
II FHA and VA housing programs.
III Dispersal of mfg plants from the core of cities.
IV Widespread car ownership and subsidized development over the road trucking fleets.

a) I and II
b) II and III
c) II, III, and IV
d) All of the above.
D
The FIRST president of the American Society of Planning Officials (1934) was?

a) Ebenezer Howard
b) Richard Nixon
c) Alfred Bettman
d) Lewis Mumford
C
Which of the following statements is NOT true about the Tennessee Valley Authority?

a) The Authority office was actually located in Kentucky not Tennessee.
b) T=In 1933, the TVA was created as an independent multi-functional governmental agency for regional planning.
c) The TVA was concerned with redevelopment of the Tennessee River Valley.
d) Its programs ranged fro flood protection and water management to recreational development and power generation.
A
The World's Columbian Exposition (1893) was the showcase for Daniel Burnham's?

a) Horseless carriage
b) White House
c) Circus
d) White City
D
The period between 1860 and 1870 in the US saw the beginning of suburbanization with the creation of small settlements beyond large cities. Which of the following cities exemplifies this early American suburbanization?

a) Radburn, NJ
b) Riverside, IL
c) Lake Forest, IL
B
Among the many projects during the early years of the New Deal Era was a major regional development program that became know as?

a) The Tennessee Valley Authority
b) The USHA Program
c) The Greenbelt Towns
d) The PWA Program
A
Which "Great Expediter" said, "If the ends don't justify the means, then what the hell does?"

a) Daniel Burnham
b) Mike Waiczis
c) Robert Moses
d) Adolph Hitler
C
In 1890, George Pullman designed and built the Town of Pullman, a model industrial town in the state of?

a) New York
b) Ohio
c) Illinois
d) Michigan
C
Initiated in 1969, the "A-95" clearinghouse review process was respoinsible for?

a) Massive eminent domain suits.
b) The creation of regional planning agencies.
c) The recession in the midwest.
d) Construction of affordable housing in the northeast.
B
The "Baltimore Plan" refers to?

a) Baltimore's 1895 master plan.
b) Baltimore's 1985 master plan.
c) The cleaning up pf various cities in the 1950s.
d) Rehabilitation of urban waterfronts.
C
The American "Greenbelt" towns were built in the 1930s by?

a) The City Housing Corporation
b) The Resettlement Administration of the US Dept of Agriculture
c) The Dept of Houseing and Urban Development
d) The PWA Housing Division
B
The 1858 design of Central Park of New York City was prepared by?

a) Frederick Law Olmsted Sr and Calvert Vaux
b) Tony Dowe and Jerry mathers
c) Andrew Jackson Downing
d) Theodora Kimball and William C Bryant
A
The "Zoning Game" was written by?

a) Richard Babcock
b) Jane Jacobs
c) Lewis Mumford
d) Iam McHarg
A
"What may be needed for successful social planning is a reorientation of the whole concept of the comprehensive plan that would place equity at its heart." Which plan or planning department achieved such a reorientation in 1975?

a) The Cleveland Policy Planning Report
b) The Cincinnati Comprehensive Plan
c) The LA County General Plan
d) The 1984 City of Fresno General Plan
A
What was the major theme is the book, "The Use of Land: A Citizens Policy Guide to Urban Growth" (1973)?

a) Citizen participation in planning.
b) Visioning and advance planning.
c) Affordable housing.
d) The vision of more equitable and environmentally sensitive development.
D
The late Paul Davidoff called which of the following, "the major land-use innovation of the 1980s"?

a) Urban renewal
b) The Block Grant program
c) Inclusionary zoning
d) Model Zoning Ordinance
C
Which of the following planning movements was characterized by local management and self-government without a need for intervention from the central state. Planning should be designed for socioeconomic stratums just above the poor?

a) Sanitary Movement
b) City Beautiful Movement
c) Garden City Movement
d) Housing Reform
C
Principle Centered Leadership is a management term espoused by?

a) Stephen Covey
b) W. Edwards Deming
c) Lee Iacoca
d) Bill Clinton
A
The quote, "Make no small plans, they have no magic to stir men's (or women's) blood" is attributed to?

a) Frank Lloyd Wright
b) Daniel Burnham
c) Richard Nixon
d) Daniel Boone
B
"Planners must strive to expand choice and opportunity for all persons, recognizing a special responsibility to plan for the needs of disadvantaged groups and persons". This quote is from?

a) Federal Law
b) The AICP Code of Ethics
c) The APA Rules of Conduct
d) State Mandates
B
Who was the most significant contributor in shaping the New York Region with 400 miles of parkways (Triborough Bridge and Jones Beach?
Robert Moses
The New York Tenement House Law was enacted in 1879. Which of the following were important requirements of the new law?

I Each unit had to have a kitchen
II The buildings were to be constructed with narrow air shafts for ventilation.
III Walls in the living quarters had to be painted.
IV Two toilets had to be provided on each floor.

a) I and III
b) I and II
c) II and III
d) II and IV
D
Which of the following were reasons for the rapid metropolitan growth of the post WWII period in America?

I. National prosperity fostering extensive automobile ownership.
II. Federal and State highway construction programs.
III. FHA and VA housing programs.
IV. Mass transit companies operating motorbuses.

a) I and III
b) II and IV
c) I, II, and III
d) All of the above
D
Who wrote "City Slums"?
Jacob Riis
Who wrote "The Death and Life of Great American Cities"?
Jane Jacobs
Who wrote "The Culture of Cities"?
Lewis Mumford
Who wrote "Cities in Evolution"?
Patrick Geddes
Who wrote "Image of the City"?
Kevin Lynch
Whot wrote "Cocentric Zone Theory"?
Ernest Burgess
Who wrote "Design with Nature"?
Ian McHarg
Who wrote "A Theory of Good City Form"?
Kevin Lynch
Who wrote "Site Planning"?
Kevin Lynch
Who designed Washington DC?
Pierre Charles L'Enfant
Who wrote "The Zoning Game"?
Richard Babcock
Who replaced Daniel Burnham as lead person on city planning in the 1920s?
Robert Moses
Who wrote "The General Urban Plan"?
T.J.Kent Jr.
Who wrote "Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform"?
Ebenezer Howard
Who wrote "Image of the City"?
Kevin Lynch
Who lead the Garden City Movement?
Ebenezer Howard
Who is linked to the "Neighborhood Unit" concept?
Clarence Arthur Perry
Who is concerned with edge cities?
Joe Garreau
What methods did Alinsky's followers utilize?
*Disruption of normal activities and use of protest and boycotts.
*Maarches and rent strikes
*Violent demonstrations.
Who designed the Town of Pullman?
Where is Pullman located?
*George Pullman
*Illinois
Who is Saul Alinsky?
What position did he hold?
What organization did
found?
What did he do?
*Criminologist
*"Back of the Yards" advocacy organization.
*Community organizer in Chicago slums.
Who was Norman Kumholz?
What did he believe?
* Equity Planning in Cleveland
* Believed that "planning considers the distributional effects of public and private action and attempts to resolve inequities in the distribution of basic goods and services."
What did Pierre Charles L'Enfant design?
Washington DC
Jane Jacobs
What did she write?
What did her book do?
*The Death & Life of Great American Cities"
*Forced readers to rethink urban renewal and other contemporary tools of city building. Influenced 2 generations of planners.
Kevin Lynch
What position did he hold?
What books did he write?
Quote?
*Designer
*Image of the City, A Theory of Good City Form, Site Planning
*Historically public opinion has favored development almost irrespective of the cost to the environment. Our laws and institutions...reflect a pro-development bias."
Paul Davidoff
What concept did he
develop?
What kind of planner was
he?
What legal case did he win?
*Advocacy planning.
*Advocacy planner.
*Mt Laurel - inclusionary zoning.
What type of development is Peter Calthorpe associated with?
Transit oriented development.
A roof that is double pitched on all four sides is referred to as a?

a) Gambrel roof
b) Cape roof
c) Mansard roof
d) Hip roof
C
What presentation format is most appropriate for addressing a group of 100 citizens in a large public meeting room?

I. Overhead projector
II. Large color map
III. Slide projector
IV. Video

a) I only
b) II only
c) III only
d) III and IV
C
All of the following management techniques may be utilized by meeting facilitators EXCEPT?

I. Brainstorming
II. Diffusion of tension
III. Keeping the meeting focused
IV. Determining and aggresively enforcing ground rules.

a) I only
b) II and III
c) IV only
d) I, II, and III
C
A senior planner is responsible for presenting a staff report before the planning commission. Which of the following would be the MOST IMPORTANT thing to accomplish in her oral presentation?

a) Discuss options and staff recommendations.
b) Present no more than 5 points.
c) Loosen up the panel with humor.
d) Address the needs of special interest groups first.
A
Of the following, which works BEST to conserve energy?

a) Voluntary rationing of fuel.
b) Solar heating.
c) Telecommuting.
d) Battery powered vehicles.
A
The 1965 Pennsyvania case, National Land and Investment Co. v. Kohn held that?

a) A 4-acre minimum lot size was exclusionary.
b) Phasing development was a valid exercise of local police powers.
c) Communities must accept their fair share of moderate income housing.
d) Growth can be limited to a communtiy's ability to sustain growth.
A
Planning managers us a variety of measuring tools to measure both process and results. Which of the following are measuring tools?

I. Fishbone diagram.
II. Run chart.
III. Scatter diagram.
IV. Brainstorming.

a) I and II
b) II and III
c) I, II, and IV
d) All of the above
D
Which of the following represents typical reasons why a jurisdiction would adopt specific development and design standards for multiple family projects in the zoning ordinance?

I. To make them legally binding and defensible.
II. Because typically the development standards in zoning ordinance do not address multiple family projects.
III. To help curb NIMBY reaction to apartment projects.
IV. To provide adequate neighborhood fit.

a) I and II
b) I and III
c) III and IV
d) All of the above.
D
You have been asked to prepare a detailed analysis of the groundwater resources in your community. The BEST resource for this report would be?

a) US Environmental Protection Agency
b) US Geological Survey
c) National Marine Fisheries
d) Bureau of Land Management
B
Underground fuel storage tanks pose a _____ threat to groundwater use for drinking water?

a) High
b) Medium
c) Low
d) No Threat
A
The planning director of a small community is asking the City Council to approve a staff initiated zoning ordinance amendment to provide specific criteria for architectural review of projects. Which of the following would she likely emphasize in her staff report?

I. In the absence of a staff member with a degree in architecture, specific criteria is necessary for adequate review.
II. Having specific criteria for architectural review in the zoning ordinance will provide the legal foundation for condition and enforcement.
III. Specific review criteria will assure a better built environment.
IV. Specific criteria would help developers design projects acceptable to the jurisdiction.

a) I only
b) II only
c) I, II, and III
d) All of the above
B
Gross density includes?

a) Streets
b) Schools
c) Parks
d) All of the above
B
The Planning Commission is an administrative/legislative body that is appointed by such boards as a City Council or County Supervisors and charged with?

a) Participating in development of a General Plan.
b) Administration of the Zoning Ordinance.
c) Review of entitlement applications.
d) All of the above.
D
Cluster development is a type of development that allows the reduction of lot sizes below the zoning ordinance minimum requirements if the thereby gained is?

a) Utilized for low income housing.
b) Deeded to the mayor.
c) Preserved in permanent open space for the community.
d) A and C
C
The term "bordering land subject to flooding" refers to?

a) The area which floods from a rise in a bordering waterway or water body.
b) The area that provides a temporary storage area for flood waters.
c) The area which provides protection from storm damage prevention.
d) All of the above.
D
Metes and bounds is a system of describing and identifying land by measures (metes) and direction (bounds) from an identifiable point of reference. It is the most precise of the common forms of urban land description. What are some other methods?

I. Aerial fly-overs.
II. Street number of houses.
III. Block and lot of a subdivision.
IV. Assessors parcel numbers.

a) I only
b) I and II
c) II, III, and IV
d) II and III
D
Which of the following evaluation procedures would be most useful in making explicit the perspective of multiple parties of interest in a particular issue or problem?

a) Cost-benefit
b) Goals achievement matrix
c) Cost-effectiveness
d) Multiple regression analysis
B
A Plat Map provides and accurate picture of ____ in a city?

a) Improvements on the land.
b) GIS layers.
c) Development patterns.
d) Land entitlements.
C
Solving problems examining trends and patterns in GIS is performed by?

I. Using a query function.
II. The vector function.
III. Layering
IV. Geo-coding data.

a) I only
b) I and IV
c) II and IV
d) II and III
B
The police power allows all of the following government actions EXCEPT?

a) Zoining of industrial properties.
b) Building Code regulations.
c) Condemnation of property.
d) Subdivision regulations.
B
The recording of a deed?

a) Passes title.
b) Guarantees ownership.
c) Raises a presumption of delivery.
d) Insures possession.
C
Performance standards in zoning might describe which of the following?

a) Allowable uses with respect to smoke, odor, noise, heat, glare, traffic, visual impact, etc.
b) Light and Heavy uses.
c) Traditional Euclidean standards.
Specific parking and loading requirements.
A
Which of the following is NOT a true statement about easements?

a) An owner cannot have an easement on his own land.
b) An easement is a non-possesory interest.
c) An easement is a right in another's land created for the benefit of the adjacent land.
d) Because of an easement, ine may be restricted to the use of his own land.
A
The Section 8 Housing Program was established in 1974 with the approval of Congress and the?

a) Community Development Block Grant program.
b) Federal Housing Authority.
c) Urban Renewal Administration.
d) Public Housing Administration.
A
CDBG means?
Community Development Block Grant
A performance standard for stormwater that requires runoff from developed land to be no different than prior to development is called?

a) Natural runoff
b) Zero-discharge
c) Equally discharge
d) A and B
D
A LOS of "C" at a signalized intersection means?

a) Uncongested operations.
b) Significant congestion.
c) Light congestion, occassional backups on critical approaches with an average delay of 15-20 seconds.
C
The Federal Clean Water Act establishes water quality standards for the nation's waters. One of the tools for improving water quality is?

a) TDR
b) FAR
c) TMDL
d) BFD
C
Special assessments are levied?

a) To support the general functions of government.
b) To pay the cost of fire and police protection.
c) To install public improvements serving a limited area.
d) To pay the cost of the judicial system.
C
Financing of improvements in a specific area with bonds that are secured by increases in property taxes is referred to as?

a) Special assessments.
b) Impact fees.
c) Revenue bonds.
d) Tax increment financing.
D
Which of the following is a technique that usually focuses on a single objective and a project's effectiveness with respect to that objective when two or more projects achieve the same objective (or level of benefit)?

a) Critical Path Programming
b) Goals Achievement Matrix
c) Planning Programming Budget System (PPBS)
d) Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (CEA)
D
PPBS means?
Planning Programming Budget System
CEA
Cost-Effectiveness Analysis
Which population projection method would use state population forecasts to calculate county population or, following an additional step, could be used to calculate a population projection for a town or city?
D
This population projection technique is essentially mindless in that past trends are extended into the future without good reason. It does, however, provide reasonable estimates for whole communities, particularly when the target year is 10 years or less in the future. Which population projection technique is described?

a) The Migration and Natural Increase Method.
b) The Cohort Survival Method.
c) The Symptomatic Method.
d) The Graphic Technique Method.
D
An appeal by an aggrieved party to a Zoning Board of Appeals decision would most likely be filed with the?

a) Board of Supervisors.
b) City Council.
c) Planning Commission.
d) State Superior Court.
D
Which of the following are included in the principal steps of the planning process?

a) Establishment of public meetings for input.
b) Implementation and effectuation.
c) Legislative over sight.
d) Public reporing.
B
According to the AICP Code of Ethics outside employment must not?

I. Create a conflict of interest between duties or the planner's time and energy.
II. Cause a planner to do business with any agency of the primary employer.
III. Use of public property for private purposes.
IV. Allow a planner to earn more money moonlighting than can be earned through the primary employer.

a) I only.
b) I and II
c) II and IV
d) I, II, and III
D
Which court case is concerned with zoning issues?

a) Berman v. Parker (1954)
b) Village of Belle Terre v. Borass (1974)
c) Construction Industry of Sonoma v. City of Petaluma (1976)
d) Golden v. Planning Board of Town of Ramapo (1972)
B
An open space on the same lot with a building or building group lying between the front, rear, side wall of a building, and the nearest lot line, unoccupied except projections and the specific minor uses or structures allowed in such open space under the provisions of the zoning ordinance is called a?

a) Setback
b) Yard
c) Rear yard encroachment.
d) A and B
D
Of the following growth management techniques which would likely be overturned in court if employed for an extended period of time (e.g. 4 years)?

a) Building permit caps
b) Subdivision phasing
c) Large lot zoning
d) Building permit moratorium
D
Although the devis grants specific rights to the land, title is not. Name it.

a) Fee sale.
b) Easement
c) Bargain sale
d) Roght of first refusal
B
What are the principle advantages of the NAICS codes over the SIC codes they replaced?

a) Relevancy - NAICS is more relevant to today's economy. It identified over 350 new industries and nine new service industy sectors.
b) Consistency - NAICS uses a consistent classification principle. Businesses that use similar production processes are grouped together.
c) Comparability - NAICS is used by the US, Canada, and Mexico to produce comparable data.
d) All of the above.
D
Which map is extremely useful in determining the location of prime farmland?

a) USGS topographic
b) USGS ortho-photo quad
c) Soil Conservation Service soil survey
d) Project flood maps
C
In a town of 95,000 which program is likely to be used to address the goal of increasing affordable housing?

a) Capital Improvement program
b) Inclusionary housing program
c) Impact fee program
d) Growth phasing program
B
The planning director of a moderate size town is developing a town-wide survey on opinions relating to growth and open space preservation. She has decided to conduct the survey by interviewing on a random basis, 1% of the town's population. In general, how effective will her survey be in eliciting responses?

a) Good
b) Moderate
c) Poor
A
Roadway delays per vehicle between 15 and 25 seconds would have a Level of Service of?

a) LOS A
b) LOS C
c) LOS D
d) LOS E
B
Roadway delays per vehicle between 40 and 60 seconds would define a Level of Servic of?

a) LOS A
b) LOS C
c) LOS D
d) LOS E
D
A county's planning manager resigned her position to join a consulting firm. Fed up with one of the planning board's members, she ran against him in the next public election for the planning board. She beats him decisively. Does this violate the AICP Code of Ethics?

a) Definitely
b) Possibly
c) No
C
An associate planner argued successfully against any further non-residential development within the town's water recharge areas. Five years later, as a consultatnt to a national shopping mall developer, this same person is aggressively pursuing a re-zoning of 1000 acres of land within the town's public water supply recharge areas. Does this violate the AICP Code of Ethics?

a) Definitely
b) Possibly
c) No. Not as long as there is full disclosure.
C
In local government, line positions are those that?

a) Stand in line for their paychecks.
b) Order general supplies.
c) Provide service to the public.
d) Arrest criminals and put out fires.
C
St. Louis, Pittsburgh, and Louisville were all?

a) Founded on rivers.
b) Ceded to the US by Spain.
c) Industrial cities.
A
If the following growth management techniques which would likely be used to reduce development density.

a) Building permit caps.
b) Subdivision phasing.
c) Large lot zoning.
d) Building permit moratorium.
C
Of the following growth management techniques which would likely be used to protect water supplies while land within the watershed is being acquired for watershed protection?

a) Building permit caps.
b) Subdivision phasing.
c) Large lot zoning.
d) Building permit moratorium.
D
Of the following, which is the most appropriate entitlement to waive the frontage requirements for a lot located on an isolated hillside?

a) Variance
b) Special permit
c) Cluster zoning
d) Rezoning
A
Of the following, which is most appropriate to regulate the development of a new landfill?

a) Variance
b) Special Permit
c) Cluster Zoning
d) Rezoning
B
Native American tribes referred to as "Non-IRA tribes" are those that?

a) Are not recognized by the Department of the Interior
b) Are recognized by the Department of the Interior but do not have designated tribal lands.
c) Are recognized by the Department of the Interior but are regulated by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
d) Did not organize under the 1934 Reorganization Act.
D
Development occurring on Native American trust lands within a designated reservation are subject to ____ regulations governing development.

a) State
b) Local
c) Federal
C
Who wrote "Housing for the Mechanic Age"?
Clarence Arthur Perry
The most outstanding example of suburban development during the First perido (1860-1870) of suburbanization took place where?
Riverside, Illinois
In which landmark case did the court's ruling uphold a restrictive zoning designation on the theory that the low density zoning served "legitimate governmental goals" such as discouraging the premature and unnecessary conversion of open space land to urban uses?

a) Southern Burlington Co. NAACP v. Township of Mt. Laurel (1) (1972)
b) Southern Burlington Co. NAAcp v. Township of Mt. Laurel (2) (1983)
c) Nollan v. Calif. Coastal Commission (1987)
d) Agins v. City Tiburon (1980)
D
Which of the following demonstrates the useful function of a computerized traffic model?

a) Test the impact on traffic of different land use scenarios.
b) Analyze the effectiveness of various physical improvements.
c) Determine the impact of future zoning amendments.
d) All of the above.
D
Parallel parking spaces typically have the following angle (in degrees)?

a) 0
b) 30
c) 45
d) 90
A
A floodplain is BEST described as?

a) An area that experiences surface flooding during storms.
b) The land area that provides surface recharge to surface systems.
c) An area that contains an abundance of wetland plants.
d) The land that buffers wetlands during coastal storms.
A
Which of the following is the most pressing reason a local government would be concerned about the widespread use of private sewage treatment facilities (PSTFs) for residential subdivisions.

a) Technological issues.
b) Operation and maintenance issues.
c) Environmental issues.
d) Tax revenue.
B
The soils above a water table are known as the?

a) Confined layer.
b) Unconfined aquifer.
c) Zone of aeration.
d) Aquifer deposits.
C
An effective regulatory technique for protecting a town's groundwater supply is?

a) Downsize all residential districts in the town from 1/2 acre minimum lot size to 2 acres per dwelling.
b) Revise the subdivision regulations to limit dead-end roads to 600 feet.
c) Adopt an overlay-zoning ordinance prohibiting non-residential uses within aquifer recharge areas.
d) Adopt an impact fee ordinance to collect funds from developers.
C
Transfer of development right (TDR) is an effective technique to protect?

a) Zones of contribution to the public.
b) Well fields.
c) Wetland buffer zones.
d) Surface watersheds.
D
Which of the following are typical goals of a site plan review ordinance?

a) Protection of adjacent uses from nuisance.
b) Preservation of on-site natural features.
c) Provision for adequate parking and loading facilities.
d) All of the above.
D
Which of the following would NOT be a required element of a site plan review submission package?

a) A location map.
b) Indication of zoning setback requirements.
c) Existing and proposed topography of the site.
d) Contour lines at 1 and 2 foot intervals.
D
A watershed is BEST defined as the?

a) Area that contributes recharge to a public supply well.
b) Area that contributes recharge to a surface water body.
c) A and B.
B
A geologic unit capable of yielding useable amounts of water is referred to as?

a) Water supply
b) Reservoir
c) Aquifer
d) Sand and gravel deposit
C
Permeable deposits directly overlying a sand and gravel aquifer could be considered?

a) A watershed
b) A confined aquifer
c) A tertiary recharge area
d) A primary recharge area
D
Transit Oriented Development (TOD) is a design feature developed by whom?

a) Clarence Perry
b) Peter Calthorpe
c) Daniel Burnham
d) Richard Babcock
B
What does TOD mean?
Transit Oriented Development
Tranist Oriented Development (TOD's) is a design feature developed by whom?

a) Clarence Perry
b) Peter Calthorpe
c) Daniel Burnham
d) Richard Babcock
B
Permeable deposits directly overlying a sand and gravel aquifer could be considered?

a) A watershed
b) A confined aquifer
c) A tertiary recharge area
d) A primary recharge area
D
A geologic unit capable of yielding useable amounts of water is referred to as?

a) Water supply
b) Reservoir
c) Aquifer
d) Sand and gravel deposit
C
A watershed is BEST defined as the?

a) Area that contributes recharge to a public supply well.
b) Area that contributes recharge to a surface water body.
c) A and B
B
Which of the following would NOT be a required element of a site plan review submission package?

a) A location map.
b) Indication of zoning setback requirements.
c) Existing and proposed topography of the site.
d) Contour lines at 1 and 2 foot intervals.
D
Which of the following are typical goals of a site plan review ordinance?

a) Protection of adjacent uses from nuisance.
b) Preservation of on-site natural features.
c) Provision for adequate parking and loading facilities.
d) All of the above.
D
Transfer of development right (TDR) us an effective technique to protect?

a) Zones of contribution to the public.
b) Well fields.
c) Wetland buffer zones.
d) Surface watersheds.
D
An effective regulatory technique for protecting a town's groundwater supply is?

a) Downsize all residential districts in the town from 1/2 acre minimum lot size to 2 acres per dwelling.
b) Revise the subdivision regulations to limit dead-end roads to 600 feet.
c) Adopt an overlay-zoning ordinance prohibiting non-residential uses within aquifer recharge areas.
d) Adopt an impact fee ordinance to collect funds from developers.
C
The soils above a water table are known as the?

a) Confined layer
b) Unconfined layer
c) Zone of aeration
d) Aquifer deposits
C
Which of the following is the most pressing reason a local government would be concerned about the widespread use of private sewage treatment facilities (PSTF's) for residential subdivisions?

a) Technological issues.
b) Operation and maintenance issued
c) Environmental issues.
d) Tax revenue.
B
A floodplain is BEST described as?

a) An area that experiences surface flooding during storms.
b) The land that provides surface recharge to surface systems.
c) An area that contains an abundance of wetland plants.
d) The land that buffers wetlands during coastal storms.
A
Parallel parking spaces typically have the following angle (in degrees)?

a) 0
b) 30
c) 45
d) 90
A
Which of the following demonstrates that useful function of a computerized traffic model?

a) Test the impact on traffice of different land use scenarios.
b) Analyze the effectiveness of various physical improvements.
c) Determine the impact of future zoning amendments.
d) All of the above.
D
In which landmark case did the court's ruling uphold a restrictive zoning designation on the theory that the low density zoning served "legitimate governmental goals" such as discouraging the premature and unneccessary conversion of open space land to urban uses?

a) Southern bulington Co. NAACP v. Township of Mt Laurel (1) (1972)
b) Southern Burlington Co. NAACP v. Township of Mt Laurel (2) (1983)
c) Nollan v. Calif. Coastal Commission (1987)
d) Agins v. City of Tiburon (1980)
D
The most outstanding example of suburban development during the First period (1860-1870) of suburbanization took place where?
Riverside, Illinois
Who wrote "Housing for the Mechanic Age"?
Clarence Arthur Perry
Developments occurring on Native American trust lands, within a designated reservation, are subject to ____ regulations governing development?

a) State
b) Local
c) Federal
C
Native American tribes referred to as "Non-IRA tribes" are those that?

a) Are not recognized by the Department of the Interior.
b) Are recognized by the Department of the Interior but do not have designated tribal lands.
c) Are recognized by the Department of the Interior but are regulated by the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
d) Did not organize under the 1934 REorganization Act.
D
Of the following, which is most appropriat to regulate the development of a new landfill?

a) Variance
b) Special Permit
c) Cluster zoning
d) Rezoning
B
Of the following, which is the most appropriat entitlement to waive the frontage requirements for a lot located on an isolated hillside?

a) Variance
b) Special permit
c) Cluster zoning
d) Rezoning
A
Of the following growth management techniques which would likely be used to protect water supplies while land within the watershed is being acquired for watershed protections?

a) Building permit caps
b) Subdivision phasing
c) Large lot zoning
d) Building permit moratorium
D
Of the following growth management techniques which would likely be used to reduce development density?

a) Building permit caps
b) Subdivision phasing
c) Large lot zoning
d) Building permit moratoriums
C
St. Louis, Philadelphia, and Louisville were all?

a) Founded on rivers.
b) Ceded to the US by Spain
c) Industrial cities.
A
In local government, line positions are those that?

a) Stand in line for their paychecks.
b) Order general supplies.
c) Provide service to the public.
d) Arrest criminals and put out fires.
C
An associate planner argued successfully agains any further non-residential development within the town's water recharge areas. Five years later, as a consultant to a national shopping mall developer, this same person is aggressively pursuing a rezoning of 1000 acres of land within the town's public water supply recharge areas. Does this violate the AICP code of ethics?

a) Definitely
b) Possibly
c) No. Not as long as there is full disclosure.
C
A county's planning manager resigned her position to join a consulting firm. Fed up with one of the planning board's memebers, she ran against him in the next public election for the planning board. She beats him decisively. Does this violate the AICP Code of Ethics?

a) Definitely
b) Possibly
c) No
C
Roadway delays per vehicle between 40 and 60 seconds would define a Level of Service of?

a) LOS A
b) LOS C
c) LOS D
d) LOS F
D
Roadway delays per vehicle between 15 and 25 seconds would have a Level of Service of?

a) LOS A
b) LOS C
c) LOS D
d) LOS E
B
The planning director of a moderate-size town is developing a twon-wide survey on opinions relating to growth and open space preservation. She has decided to conduct the survey by interviewing on a random basis, 1% of the town's population. In general, how effective will her survey be in eliciting responses?

a) Good
b) Moderate
c) Poor
A
In a town of 95,000, which program is likely to be used to address the goal of increasing afforadable housing?

a) Capital improvement program
b) Inclusionary housing program
c) Impact fee program
d) Growth phasing program
B
Which map is extremely useful in determining the location of prime farmland?

a) USGS topographic
b) USGS ortho-photo quad
c) Soil Conservation Service Soil survey
d) Project flood maps
C
What are the principle advantages of the NAICS codes over the SIC codes they replaced?

a) Relevancey - NAICS is more relevant in today's economy. It identified over 350 new idustries and 9 new service industry sectors.
b) Consistency - NAICS uses a consistent classification priniciple. Businesses that use similar production processes are grouped together.
c) Comparability - NAICS is used by the US, Canada, and Mexico to produce comparable data.
d) All of the above.
D
Although the device grants specific rights to the land, title is not. Name it.

a) Fee sale
b) Easement
c) Bargain sale
d) Right of first refusal
B
Of the following growth management techniques which would likely be overturned in court if employed for an extended period of time (e.g. 4 years)?

a) Building permit caps
b) Subdivision phasing
c) Large lot zoning
d) Building permit moratorium
D
The Federal Clean Water Act establishes water quality standards for the nation's waters. One of the tools for improving water quality is?

a) TDR
b) FAR
c) TMDL
d) BFD
C
An open space on the same lot with a building or building group lying between the front, rear, side wall of a building and the nearest lot line, unoccupied except for projections and the specific minor uses or structures allowed in such open space under the provision of the zoning ordinance is called a?

a) Setback
b) Yard
c) Rear yard encroachment
d) A and B
D
Which court case is concerned with zoning issues?

a) Berman v. Parker (1954)
b) Village of Belle Terre v. Borass (1974)
c) Construction Industry of Sonoma v. City of Petaluma (1976)
d) Golden b. Planning Board of Town of Ramapo (1972)
B
According to the AICP Code of Ethics outside employment must not?
I. Create a conflict of interest between duties of the planner's time and energy.
II. Cause a planner to do business with any agency of the primary employer.
III. Use of public property for private purposes.
IV. Allow a planner to earn more money moonlighting than can be earned through the primary employer.

a) I only
b) I and II
c) II and IV
d) I, II, and III
D
Which of the following are included in the principal steps of the planning process?

a) Establishment of public meetings for input.
b) Implementation and effectuation.
c) Legislative over sight.
d) Public reporting.
B
An appeal by an aggrieved party to a Zoning Board of Appeals decision would most likely be filed with?

a) Board of Supervisors
b) City Council
c) Planning Commission
d) State Superior Court
D
This population projection technique is essentially mindless in that past trends are extended into the future without good reason. It does, however, provide reasonable estimates for whole communities, particularly when the target year is 10 years or less in the future. Which population projection technique is described?

a) The Migration and Natural Increase method
b) The Cohort Survival Method
c) The Symptomatic Method
d) The Graphic Technique Method
D
Which population method would use state population forecasts to calculate county population or, folling an additiona step, could be used to calculate a population projection for a town or city?

a) The Migration and Natural Increase Method
b) The Cohort Survival Method
c) The Symptomatic Method
d) The Ratio (Step0Down) Method
D
Which of the following is a technique that usually focuses on a single objective and a project's effectiveness with respect to that objective when two or more projects achieve the same objective (or level of benefit)?

a) Critical Path Programming
b) Goals Achievement Matrix
c) Planning Programming Budget System (PPBS)
d) Cost-Effective Analysis (CEA)
D
Financing of improvement in a specific area with bonds that are secured by increases in property taxes is referred to as?

a) Special assessments
b) Impact fees
c) Revenue bonds
d) Tax increment financing
D
Special assessments are levied?

a) To support the general functions of government.
b) To pay the cost of fire and police protection.
c) To install public improvements serving a limited area.
d) To pay the cost of the judicial system.
C
A LOS of "C" at a signalized intersection means?

a) Uncongested operations.
b) Significant congestion.
c) Light congestions, occassional backups on critical approaches with an average delay of 15-20 seconds.
C
a performance standard for storm water that requires runoff from developed land to be no different than prior to development is called?

a) Natural runoff.
b) Zero-discharge.
c) Equality discharge.
d) A and B.
D
The Section 8 Housing Program was established in 1974 with the approval of Congress and the?

a) Community Development Block Grant program.
b) Federal Housing Authority.
c) Urban Renewal Administration
d) Public Housing Administration.
A
Which of the following is NOT a true statement about easements?

a) An owner cannot have an easement on his own land.
b) An easement is non-possessory interest.
c) An easement is a right in another's land created for the benefit of adjacent land.
d) Because of an easement, one may be restricted to the use of his own land.
A
Performance standards in zoning might describe whish of the following?

a) Allowable uses with respect to smoke, odor, noise, heat, glare, traffic. visual impact etc.
b) Light and Heavy uses
c) Traditional Euclidean standards
d) Specific parking and loading requirements.
A
The recording of a deed?

a) Passes title.
b) Guarantees ownership.
c) Raises a presumption of delivery.
d) Insures possession.
C
The police power allows for all of the following government actions EXCEPT?

a) Zoning industrial properties
b) Building Code regulations
c) Condemnation of property.
d) Subdivision regulations.
B
Solving problems examining trends and patterns in GIS is performed by?
I. Using a query function
II. The vector function
III. Layering
IV. Geo-coding data

a) I only
b) I and IV
c) II and IV
d) II and III
D
A Plat Map provides an accurate picture of ____ in a city?

a) Improvements on the land.
b) GIS layers.
c) Development patterns/
d) Land entitlements.
C
Which of the following evaluation procedures would be most useful in making explicit the perspective of multiple parties of interest in a particular issue or problem?

a) Cost-benefit
b) Goals achievement matrix
c) Cost-effectiveness
d) Multiple regression analysis
B
Metes and bounds is a system of describing and identifying land by measures (metes) and direction (bounds) from an identifieable point of reference. It is the most precise of the common forms of urban land description/ What are some other methods?
I. Aerial fly-overs.
II. Street number of houses.
III. Block and lot of a subdivision.
IV. Assessors parcel numbers.
D
The legal arrangement in which a dwelling unit in an apartment building, residential development, commercial or industrial space is individually owned but in which the common areas are owned, controlled and maintained through an organization consisting of all of the individual owners is called>

a) Eminent domain.
b) A condominium.
c) Cluster housing.
d) A planned unit development.
B
One or more persons occupying a single dwelling unit, provided that all members are relaed by blood or marriage", is the definition of which of the following?

a) Household
b) Group home
c) Single family residential unit
d) Family
D
Which of the following would be more the function of a regional governmental responsibility than a local government?

a) River basin management.
b) Zoning
c) Aesthetics rgulations.
d) Redevelopment
A
The requirement that developers set aside open space within a subdivision is often referred to as?

a) Hammerlock ordinance.
b) Taking
c) Dedication requirement.
d) Rational nexus test.
C
Which of the following age groups would represent "first time homebuyers"?

a) 22-29
b) 22-40
c) 25-44
d) 25-54
C
A retail development with 75% parcel coverage typically allows what percent of total rainfall to percolate to groundwater?

a) 10%
b) 20%
c) 15%
d) 75%
C
For parking planning purposes, the typical length of a motor vechicle is ____ feet?

a) 12
b) 14
c) 15
d) 17
D
A planner is made aware that his supervisor has illegally disclosed information to a developer. Which of the following actions would NOT be practicable for her to pursue?

a) Seek the counsel of an attorney who has expertise in public or private employment law.
b) Prepare a concise memorandum for the attorney setting out the verified facts and issues.
c) Determine to go public with the information and deal with potential employer retaliation.
d) Raise the matter with other professionals working for the same employer.
D
Banking institutions typically agree that housing is unaffordable when individuals have to pay more than ____ percentage of their gross income toward mortgage payments?

a) 15
b) 25
c) 35
d) 45
C
Which of the following are considered passive recreational activities?

a) Court sports.
b) Swimming
c) Horseback riding.
d) Team sports.
C
Location Quotients (LQ) are used to determine the ratio of total local employment of a specific industry to that of the industry on a national basis. Location Quotients look at?

a) The ratio of total local employment of an industry to that industry nationally.
b) The ratio of total national employment of an industry to that industry locally.
c) The ratio of total number of local industries to that industry nationally.
c) The ratio of total number of national industries to that industry locally.
A
As a general rule, individuals who seek to challenge a zoning ordinance will be required to?

a) Prove they have "standing".
b) Prove the do not stand to gain financially by the challenge.
c) Exhaust all administrative remedies.
d) A and B.
C
"This is not a case where the owner is prevented from using his land for natural and indigenous uses" is a quote likely to be found in court cases involving?

a) Takings
b) Cluster zoning.
c) Performance zoning.
d) Voluntary easements.
A
Municipal requirements that licenses and permits be required before conducting certain activities is considered an exercise of?

a) Comprehensive planning.
b) Police power.
c) Eminent domain.
d) Environmental protection.
B
The statement: "a public corporation or authority created by the state to carry out a function of the state is not bound by local zoning regulation" refers to?

a) State immunity from local zoning.
b) Dillon's rule.
c) Federal constitutional requirements exempting state government from local regulation.
d) Kroll's rule.
A
The concept that a hardship must be unique to the particular property and not to the owner or the general public is most likely to be included in the discussion of a?

a) Special permit.
b) Re-zoning.
c) Variance.
c) Eminent domain proceeding.
C
"Dual Sovereignty" as expressed in the federal system can be described as?

a) State delegation of power to local government.
b) Federal delegation of power to state government.
c) Federal delegation of power to local government.
d) Federal and state government reign supreme in the separate spheres.
D
Which of the following were elements in the "Sector" concept of spatial organization (Hoyt 1939)?
I. Wedge shaped sectors radial to the City;s center and along established transportation lines.
II. Concept that different classes tend to be found in distinct areas of the city.
III. A CBD was an essential part.
IV. No single center, but several nuclei.

a) I and II
b) I and IV
c) II, III, and IV
d) All of the above.
D
Development occurring on Native American trust lands, within a designated reservation, are subject to?

a) State regulations governing development.
b) Local regulations governing development.
c) Federal regulations governing development.
d) All of the above.
C
An arterial street is BEST described as?

a) Highway for through traffic with full or partial control of access and generally with grade separation at intersections.
b) Street that provides through traffic movement on a continuous route joining major traffic generators, where access to abutting properties may be controlled.
c) Major roadway with no access to adjacent properties.
B
Lands that are comprised of the vegetative and wildlife areas adjacent to perennial and intermittent streams are named?

a) Wetlands
b) Vernal Pools
c) Riparian areas.
d) Watershed Areas.
C
Which of the following constitutes a conflict of interest under the AICP Code of Ethics?
I. A city employee working for a home-builder seeking Board approval of a project in the staff person's jurisdiction.
II. Making unwelcome sexual advances to a co-worker.
III. Using knowledge of land use planning activities to buy vacant property in an area to be planned for high density use.
IV. Running for City Council.

a) I and III
b) II and III
c) I, II, and III
d) I, II, and IV
A
Which of the following represent the basic purposes of site plan review?

a) Formulization of the design review process.
b) Protection of adjacent properties from adverse impacts.
c) Provision of adequate parking and landscaping.
d) All of the above.
D
Wetlands protection programs may include which of the following?

a) Protection of groundwater.
b) Flood control.
c) Protection of wildlife habitat.
d) All of the above.
D
One acre is equal to ____ square feet?

a) 42, 500
b) 43, 650
c) 43, 560
d) 45, 360
C
You are the supervising planner for a planning department with a staff of 15 planners. You are looking for ways to maintain positive work performance. Which of the following would you utilize?
I. Organize department picnics, and annual holiday party, and staff luncheons.
II. Confirm that your staff is meeting organization expectations and that this is appreciated.
III. Acknowledge good performance by awarding inscribed placques to your best staff.
IV. Call a staff meeting and tell your staff that although there will be no raises this year that they should just be happy that they have a job.

a) I and II
b) II and III
c) I, II, and III
d) II, III, and IV
C
An innovative and successful technique that enables citizens to evaluate physical images if natural and built environments in which participants view and evaluate a wide variety of slides depicting streetscapes, land uses, site designs, building types, and indicate whether or not what they have seen is appropriate for the community is?

a) Design charrette.
b) Delphi method.
c) Visual Preference Survey.
d) Brainstorming.
C
Redaction is done when?

a) Material that is a matter of public record containing sensitive, private, or confidential information is removed from a public.
b) Angry citizens are removed from a public hearing by the police.
c) A public official retracts false or misleading statements.
A
Which of the following data sources could be used in an economic base study?

a) Population and housing data.
b) Employment data
c) Income data.
d) All of the above.
D
An amendment to or a change in the zoning ordinance is called?

a) General Plan Amendment
b) Rezone
c) Variation
d) Special Use Permit
B
The designation of historic districts allows for?

a) Tax increment financing.
b) Urban renewal.
c) The formation of a redevelopment district.
d) Historic Preservation.
D
All of the following are key issues with regards to telecommuting EXCEPT?

a) Work rules, hours of work - accountability.
b) Hourly wage of telecommuters.
c) Liability concerns, workers compensation.
d) Equipment (who buys/maintains) and training.
B
Legal immigration has increased in the US in recent years. Which of the following is TRUE about recent immigrants?

a) They are more likely to live in poverty.
b) They suffer from higher unemployment.
c) As a group they typically have less than a high school education.
d) All of the above.
D
Concurrency is a term attributable to which of the following states?

a) Hawaii
b) California
c) Florida
d) Michigan
C
In 1840 in the US?

a) The FIRST tenements were occupied in New York City.
b) The first massive wave of European immigration reached American cities.
c) Only 3 American cities had populations of more than 100,000.
d) All of the above.
D
Which of the following are among the performance standards required to obtain a special permit in the Town of Ramapo?

a) Public sanitary sewers or an approved substitute.
b) Drainage facilities, improved public parks.
c) Accessibility to state, county, or town roads.
d) All of the above.
D
An associate planner is processing a GPA request to redesignate SF property for multiple family use. Immediately after publishing the public notice for this request she begins to receive letters and phone calls protesting the proposed land use change. In order to better understand the issues involved in this action and the concerns of the neighborhood residents she spends some time researching planning journals and published books on the subject of multiple family developments and neighborhood fit. She learns that established neighborhoods typically protest the introduction of apartments and that residents protesting these projects are referred to as NIMBY's. From her research which of the following BEST represents the reasons for NIMBYism?

a) Fear of the loss of property value and rise in crime.
b) Concern about traffic, over-crowding if schools, and "unstable" apartment dweller lifestyles.
c) A and B
C
A method of assessing project alternatives by weighting alternatives according to citizen goals is called?

a) Goals-Achievement Matrix
b) Delphi method
c) GAM
d) A and C
A
Concerning"honesty" in the use of information, which of the following is TRUE?

a) In some situations, planners must not provide full information.
b) It is part of the professional conduct to communicate ethical standards to clients, employers, and the public.
c) In reporting the results of studies, planners must follow the scholar's rule.
d) All of the above.
D
The final product of a charette process includes all of the following EXCEPT?
I. Public works drawings with precise dimensions.
II. Identification of Building Code violations.
III. Plans of open space.
IV. Wetland and drainage plans.

a) I and II
b) II only
c) I and III
d) III and IV
B
To plan a new library facility, it is important to know which of the following?

a) The kind and level of service the library will provide.
b) The long range plan goals and objectives of the library.
c) The population to be served.
d) All of the above.
D
The statement "a public corporation or authority created by the state to carry out a function of the state is not bound by zoning regulation" refers to?

a) State immunity from local zoning.
b) Dillon's Rule
c) Federal constitutional requirements exempting state government from local regulation.
d) Native American reservations.
A
Which of the following describes "citizen referendum"?

a) Citizens vote their approval or disapproval of a public measure by official ballots.
b) Neighborhood groups meet privately to determine actions against local government.
c) Municipal representatives circulate a survey to solicit community opinion.
A
Of the following definitions, which one BEST describes the term, "raster"?

a) GIS system hardware.
b) Program to make line drawings.
c) A grid-type data format used to interpret gray-scale photographs and satellite imagery.
d) Table program use in CADD applications.
C
A staff analyst with a medium-size city is attending to a counter call one afternoon and is approached by a developer. The developer wants to discuss his tentative tract map that will soom be considered by the Planning Commission. The staff analyst is writing the staff report. The developer invites him to lunch. Under the AICP Code of Ethics what should he do?

a) Take the developer up on the offer. A free lunch would be nice.
b) Decline to go with him to lunch, but suggest that another gratuity would be acceptable as long as it is delivered to city hall during regular business hours.
c) Decline his offe, explaining that this ming be construed as a conflict of interest.
d) Deline his offer, but agree to meet with him after work for a couple of beers at the local bar where this matter may be discussed in private.
C
The practice of making loans to declining or high-risk neighborhoods in order to stimulate their renewal is?

a) Bluelining
b_ Redlining
c) Greenlining
C
An individual site or structure that has met local, state, and national criteria as having aesthetic, architectural, historic, cultural or archaeological significance and is worthy of preservation is called a?

a) Historic landmark.
b) Special district.
c) Historic district.
d) Preservation district.
A
Historic Registration occurs when an individual site, structure, or district has met National Register of Historic Places criteria and is deemed worthy of preservation. Which of the following might equally qualify an individual site, structure, or district for registration?
I. An event.
II. Association with a specific person.
III. An architectural style.
IV. The potential to yield information important to history or prehistory.

a) I and III
b) II and IV
c) IV only
d) All of the above
D
At the close of the 20th Century, the US Census Bureau reported that?

a) The total number of US farms had dipped below two million.
b) The average farm size was 490 acres.
c) Farms were larger than a decade ago.
d) All of the above.
D
The term coined by the National Trust for Historic Preservation to describe the threat to downtown areas by large-scale commercial development is?

a) LULU
b) Sprawl-mart
c) Inverse condemnation
d) NIMBY
B
Which of the following typically generates the most storm water runoff?

a) Undeveloped areas.
b) Commercial areas
c) Multiple family residential
d) Single family residential
B
The city of Provost is experiencing unusually rapid subdivision of its remaining coastal properties. The City Council has requested that the Planning Director prepare a memorandum outlining whatever options the Town has to ensure that public access to the coast is retained, even after the remaining parcels are subdivided or built upon. The Director's memorandum is likely to include a discussion regarding which "test"?a) Affordable housing test.
b) Essential nexus test.
c) Taking without compensation test.
d) Fair share test.
B
A planning manager is concerned about the poor work performance of the associate planner. He decides it is time to have a discussion with her. Which of the following would be appropriate?

a) Call the associate planner into his office for an initial discussion of the problem.
b) Reprimand the associate planner at the front counter.
c) Meet with the planner at her desk and go over the requirements and expectations of the associate planner position.
d) Write an e-mail memo to the associate planner outlining his concerns and threatening punitive action.
C
Telephone surveys allow for rapid data collection and easy access to most households. However, from a statistician's perspective, telephone surveys?

a) Cost too much
b) Have a greater probability of interviewer-introduced bias.
c) Cannot reach representative samples of some relatively isolated populations.
d) Are ineffective because of the difficulty in finding subjects at home.
C
An oil company is interested in building a refinery on several thousand acres of tree-covered waterfront property they own. The general plan shows this area as recreational and residential. The oil company files a plan amendment to re-designate the land to a heavy industrial classification. The planning director opposes the amendment, stating that the scenic area should remain a valuable natural resource. The director was overruled by the County commissioners who approved the amendment. A groupd of residents who live near the proposed refinery site take the case to court. The planning director provides some information to the citizens group as they prepare their case and also testifies in court about the value of the property as a community amenity. Under the AICP Code of Ethics, all of the following are true about the behavior of the planning director EXCEPT?

a) The director was acting on the ethical responsibility to protect the integrity of the natural environment.
b) The director should not have testified in court, the Code of Ethics requires planners to accept the decisions of their employer.
c) The director served the public interest by providing information to citizens preparing their case.
d) The director exhibited concern for the long-range consequences of the proposed land use changes.
B
An adult use is a business that provides sexual entertainment or services to customers. Adult uses may include which of the following?
I. X-rated video shops and bookstores.
II. Live or video peep shows.
III. Topless or fully nude dancing establishments.
IV. X-rated movie theaters and escort service clubs.

a) I and II
b) II and III
c) I, III, and IV
d) All fo the above.
D
CBD is the acronym for?

a) Central Business Department
b) Central Business District
c) Central Bureau of Determination
d) Central Business Division
B
In the late 1980s many cash-strapped towns in America embraced Native American operated casinos as salvation. By the mid-1990s which of the following was TRUE?
I. Americans had gambled away more than 40 billion dollars.
II. More than 120 Native American tribes were reaping profits from gambling.
III. Special interest groups began battling the gambling industry with court suits and ballot referendums.
IV. 24 states had legalized casinos.

a) I and II
b) II and III
c) I, II, and III
d) All of the above.
D
A group of local legislative regulations that prescribe the materials, minimum requirements, and methods to be used in construction, rehabilitation, maintenance, and repair of buildings is?

a) The zoning ordinance.
b) Minxed use overlay.
c) Uniform building code.
d) Downtown design standards.
C
An acquired right to use, interest, or privelege in lands owned by another describes?

a) CC and Rs
b) A Trust Deed
c) An easement
d) An encumbrance
C
Local regulations of buildings and enforcement of building and housing code provisions to preserve the housing inventory against neglect and erosion and securing safety and health describes?

a) Building codes.
b) Code enforcement.
c) Zone ordinance.
d) General plan.
B
Which of the following would require an environmental impact statement (EIS)?

a) Expansion of a pre-existing duplex.
b) A project generating more than 3000 new vehicle trips per day.
c) A project using more than 1,000,000 gallons of water per day from a public water supply.
d) Both B and C
D
"Our city shall be a cohesive, compact city with a small-town felling surrounded by farmland, greenbelts, natural habitat and reserves. Our city shall be a community with a strong, vital, pedestrian-oriented and dynamic downtown area and safe and well-designed neighborhoods." This statement describes?

a) A preamble to a neighborhood preservation ordinance.
b) Goals and objectives of a general plan.
c) A portion of a community vision statement.
d) The NIMBYs creed.
C
To determine the percentage of any slope?

a) Multiply the vertical distance by the horizontal distance.
b) Add the horizontal distance to the vertical distance.
Divide the vertical distance by the horizontal distance.
d) Subtract the vertical distance by the horizontal distance.
C
Developments occurring on Native American trust lands, within a designated reservation is subject to which of the following regulations?

a) State regulations governing development.
b) Local regulations governing development.
c) Federal regulations governing developemtn.
d) All of the above.
C
Of the following cities which was the fastest growing in th 1990s?

a) New York
b) Pittsburgh
c) San Francisco
d) Las Vegas
D
One way cities and counties are avoiding the expense of closing landfills is to?

a) Stop public solid waste service and privatize.
b) Exhume old refuse, install a liner, separate the soil, and re-pack the garbage.
c) Initiate a recycling program.
d) Impose fines on companies that exceed set refuse limits.
B
A home occupation conducted in a residential dwelling unit that is incidental and subordinate to the primary residential use. Regulations of home occupations usually restrict which of the following?

a) The percentage of the unit that can be used for the occupation.
b) Exterior evidence of the business.
c) Tha mount of parking neede and traffic generated.
d) All of the above.
D
The basic criterion utilized for planning a new fire state is?

a) Cost and financing.
b) Number of fire engines.
c) Location and response time.
d) Size of fire house.
C
A stockpile of publicly owned land resulting from a program under which government buys land holds it for future use as needed is called?

a) Mitigation bank
b) Land bank
c) River bank
d) Piggy bank
B
which of the following is TRUE about vectors?

a) GIS mapping function that displays maps.
b) Vectors is an acronym for coordinated geometry.
c) A mainframe computer system with GIS.
d) Vectors are to raster, as line art is to photography.
D
The holding for the Agins case established that a test....a regulation is a taking if it can be shown that it?

a) Deprives property of all economically viable use.
b) Creates nuisance on the property.
c) Fails to advance a legitimate governmental interest.
d) Both A and C.
D
In addition to providing separate smoking rooms for patrons that use tobacco, some airports in America are now installing?

a) Slot machines in waiting areas.
b) Baby changing rooms next to public rest rooms.
c) Franchised fast food restaurants.
d) Health and vending machines in public restrooms.
B
Half time at some college football games has been extended five additional minutes to provide more time for?

a) The purchase of beer and hot dogs at the concession stands.
b) Smokers to light up outside the seating area.
c) Women to use the ladies room.
d) The coach to yell at the players.
C
The future right-of-way line of any highway as shown on the Official Plan of Streets and Highways for highway use is the?

a) Right-of-way.
b) Dedication area.
c) Noise contour area.
d) Plan line.
D
Traditionally the acreage needed for a new high school has been which of the following?

a) 10 acres plus 2 acres for each 1000 students.
b) 20 acres plus 1 acre for each 100 students.
c) 30 acres plus 1 acre for each 100 students.
d) 40 acres plus 1/2 acre for each 100 students.
D
Which of the following determines the sizing of an infrastructure network?

a) The ultimate extent of the service area.
b) The projected population of the service area.
c) The projected per capita service level requirements.
d) All of the above.
D
An intensive, interactive problem solving process with meetings convened around the development of specific topics is described as?

a) Alinsky's Organizations
b) Advocacy Planning
c) A Charrette
d) Citizen Referendum
C
A legal record of the description of a parcel of land is called?

a) Plot
b) Platte
c) Platt
d) Plat
D
Includionary Zoning is?

a) A redlining technique/
b) A density bonus.
c) Zoning that includes special development standards for multiple family developments.
d) A positive and active policy and program of a community to attract low and moderate income residents.
D
An innovative source of funding for redevelopment projects is?

a) Tax increment financing.
b) Tax allocation bonds.
c) General obligation bonds.
d) Revenue bonds.
A
CC and Rs, also called "covenants" or "deed restriction", are?

a) Generally unenforeable by zoning officials.
b) Private land use controls included in the chain of title of the property.
c) Commonly short and simple and used to deal with single issues.
d) All of the above.
D
A two-way aisle for a parking lot would typically be ____ feet wide?

a) 18-20
b) 24-26
c) 28-30
d) 30-32
B
Concurrency is a term attributable to which of the following states?

a) Hawaii
b) California
c) Florida
d) Michigan
C
As a result of Dolan v. Tigard (1994), when jurisdictions impose conditions upon land use approvals for specific parcels and particular development, the need to?
I. Develop very precise findings.
II. Make findings that quantify the projected actual impact of the project on the public facility or use in question.
III. Require the dedication of public right-of-way.
IV. Avoid imposing dedication requirements that restrict the owner's right to use a portion of his/her/its own property.

a) I and II
b) II, II, and IV
c) I, II, and IV
C
In Ernest Burgess' Cocentric Zone Theory (1923) everything starts from the center and growns out from there in the form of broad belts or zones. Which of the following is NOT true about thes zones?

a) The first zone is the downtown center whcih is focused on the economic, political, and cultural life of the city.
b) The xecond zone is known as the "zone of transition" which is both area-wise and population-wise and an area of limbo.
c) The third zone is where the parks and open space are located.
d) Immediately adjacent to the central business district is an area slated for expansion if business is good.
C
Air quality standards aimed at preventing the significant deterioration of air quality by enforcing stricter effluent controls on new polluters are?

a) Mitigation measures.
b) CCAA Regulations.
c) Air Resource Board rulings.
d) PSD Standards.
D
Which of the following statements express the basic goal of the local governemtn chief executives regarding the municipal budget?

a) Annually identifying ways to reduce spending and the number of city personnel.
b) Administering a balanced budget that at least maintains existing service levels without a tax increase.
c) Achieving success with every program in the budget.
d) Minimizing budget deficits and keeping increases in taxes at a minimum.
B
The study of cities and regions that focuses on basic-service (export) ratios, the aratio of employment in basic activities that utilizes economic multipliers is?

a) Planning Programming Budgetting System (PPBS)
b) Cost-benefit analysis.
c) Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT)
d) Economic base analysis.
D
"...The vast accumulation of estimates, projections, administrative decisions and proposals presented by the local government administration to the legislative body". This statement is describing which of the following?

a) The kid's Christmas wish list.
b) A capital improvement program.
c) A municipal budget document.
d) Development fee program.
C
The planning approach to budgeting has which of the following characteristics?
I. Government operations are defined by their objectives.
II. The budget is organized by programs.
III. The emphasis is on budget decision making rather than on administration.
IV. Planner's salaries are fully compensated by entitlement processing fees.

a) I and II
b) I and III
c) II and IV
d) I, II, and III
D
A summary of goals and policies, a dexcription of overall organization, land use, circulation, and visual elements, and detailed methodology for implementation are all components of?

a) A fiscal district plan.
b) A joint planning document.
c) A central city development plan.
d) A preliminary land use document.
A
A zoning regulation that restricts the type of signs that can be placed within the community is likely to be challenged as a violation of the ____ Amendment?

a) 1st
b) 2nd
c) 5th
d) 8th
A
State law allows the legislative body of a jurisdiction to develop and write a General Plan update without soliciting public input outside the normal public hearing process. Notwithstanding this legal loophole, the senior planner of a rapidly growing city of 90,000 is concerned about the implications of excluding the public from the planning process. She know that many citizens in the community desire more involvement in this important advance planning project. Which of the following actions she could take would be considered BEST?
I. Write a newspaper editorial expressing her concerns about the planning process.
II. Prepare an administrative report to the City Council recommending that there be more citizen input into the planning process.
III. Discuss with the City Manager her feelings and seek direction.
IV. Contact each council member individually and discuss her concerns with them.

a) I and II
b) II only
c) III only
d) III and IV
C
A new wave of criminal activity is sweeping the community and costing the tax-payers millions in police services, court fees, and long-term housing of criminals in jails. The Board of Supervisors has decided to spend money on public education programs to educate the citizenry in crime prevention, the evils of drug and alcohol abuse, and the advantages of living clean. In addition, the Board has allocated a large portion of the budget for drug addict and alcohol rehabilitation.
Weighing all things, the Board is gambling that over time, the great expenditure of monies to prevent crime will not only improve the quality of life in the community, but will also save the tax-payers millions in the long run since less crimes will take place and fewer persons will be warehoused in prisons. Which cost analysis techniques did the Board utilize in making this decision?

a) Cost-effectiveness Analysis
b) Cost-benefit Analysis
c) Cost-revenue Analysis
B
Cost-effectiveness Analysis would be employed in which of the following situations?

a) Determining if annexation would have a negative fiscal impact.
b) Comparing the actual cost of implementing a program against the benefits to the community.
c) Making a decision on whether or not to spend money to build a new senior center or to hire more police officers.
d) Establishing monetary costs and monetary benefits of a large expenditure.
C
A Hime Owner's Association is a non-profit organization operating under recorded legal agreements running with the land. Generally, each lot owner is a condominium of similar planned development becomes a member upon purchase and each lot is subject to a charge for a proportionate share of the expenses for the organization's activities such as?
I. Maintaining common areas.
II. Landscaping and recreational facilities.
III. Parking areas.
IV. Water and sewer services.

a) I only
b) I and II
c) I, II, and III
d) All of the above.
C
Capital improvement programming in the multi-year scheduling of public physical improvements. Scheduling is based on studies of fiscal resources available and the choice of specific improvements to be constructed for a period of 5 to 6 years. Which of the following are TRUE about capital improvement budgets and the capital improvement programs?
I. The CIP budget refers to facilities planned for the next fiscal year.
II. The CIP program refers to improvement scheduled in succeeding 4 to 5 years.
III. A CIP budget is part of legally binding 1 year fiscal budget.
IV. The CIP program itself does not commit the government body to spend any money.

a) I and II
b) II and III
c) I, II, and III
d) All of the above.
D
Which of the following regulatory agencies would typicaly conduct a site plan review for a high school?

a) Planning Commission
b) Zoning Board of Appeals
c) State Planning Office
d) School District
C
Which of the following is the MOST IMPORTANT element in a customer service program?

a) An emphsis on people.
b) Staff expertise and training.
c) Identification of customers.
d) An objective for continuous improvement.
B
What is the primary difference between a variance and other land entitlements?

a) Findings are not necessary with a variance.
b) Variances are ministerially approved.
c) Manufactured houseing (mobile homes).
d) The absence of a hardship requirement.
D
When working with developers all of the following are necessary EXCEPT?

a) Respecting timetables.
b) Providing advice on the probable success of the business venture produced.
c) Acknowledging profit/loss in the process.
d) Being concerned for disruption of customer relationships.
B
Which of the following are functions of a city plan?
I. The plan is an expression of what a community wants.
II. The plan serves as a guide to decision making.
III. It represents the fulfillment of a legal requirement.
IV. It serves as the basis for code enforcement actions.

a) I and II
b) II and III
c) I, II and IV
d) I, II, and III
D
The Clean Air Act grants state primacy in developing implementation plans. "Primacy" does not refer to which of the following?

a) Responsibility for development and enforcement of the plan.
b) Responsibility for identifying emission limits for specific sources.
c) Responsibility for approving the plans and any revisions.
d) All of the above.
C
The significance of efficiency for planners is?

a) The efficiency with which plans are produced.
b) The efficiency that plans can produce.
c) The efficiency with which rapidly developing problems are handled.
B
Experts estimate that the amount of farmland that is being lost every minute in the US is about ____ acres?

a) 1
b) 2
c) 3
d) 5
C
Groups protested of establishing a Disney's American theme park in Haymarket, VA in 1993 for which of the following reasons?

a) The new park would cause the downtown to further deteriorate.
b) The new park would have a negative impact on Civil War battlefields.
c) The new park was too close to another Great America's Six Flags Theme Park.
d) The new park would impact inadequate transportation systems.
B
Which of the following contribute to the provision of affordable housing?

a) Section 8 grants.
b) Density bonus ordinances.
c) Construction of government subsidized apartments.
d) All of the above.
D
The logic of analysis, the worth of evaluating the consequences of alternatives, the validity and pertinence of information, and the effectiveness of standards and policies in achieving goals are all ideas central to the?

a) Evolution of rational management.
b) Modern public policy.
c) Early basis of planning.
A
A project that selects a statistical sample of a large population will always?

a) Reduce the amount of effort required to ascertain characteristics of the population.
b) Provide a mathematical estimate of the accuracy of the calculated population characteristics.
c) Be the unbiased sample of the entire population.
d) Be of adequate size to satisfy confidence criteria if a pre-sample was used to determine the required sample.
B
Which of the following was an important goal of the Community Development Block Grants (CDBG) program?

a) To purchase concrete blocks for freeway construction.
b) To provide homes for the homeless.
c) To create redevelopment agencies.
d) To reduce the federal role in local government affairs.
D
MSA stands for?

a) Metropolitan Study Area
b) Metropolitan Statistical Area
c) Management Systems Analysis
B
A system of describing and identifying land by measures and direction from an identifiable point of reference such as a monument or other marker, the corner of intersecting streets, or in rural areas, a tree or other permanent feature is termed?

a) Physical description.
b) Legal description.
c) Metes and Bounds.
d) Base and Meridian.
C
Areas generally characterized by low-density residential development (e.g. 1 to 5 dwelling units per acre) and limited commercial uses are called?

a) Rural residential
b) Under developed
c) Suburban
d) Rare in New York City
A
An urban area defined as depressed and made eligible for special government assistance for economic development in the form of tax breaks and subsidies is?

a) Enterprise zone.
b) Empowerment zone.
c) Economic development zone.
B
An easement may be acquired by prescription in a manner similar to acquisition of land by?

a) Eminent Domain
b) Adverse possession
c) A and B
B
An industry is an exporter of employment it it has a location quotient greater than ____?

a) 0.01
b) 001
c) 1.00
d) 1000
C
If an industry has a location quotient of 2.00 which of the following is TRUE?

a) It exports employment.
b) It imports emplyment.
c) It is experiencing unemployment.
d) It has twice as many jobs as employees.
A
Advocacy planning describes the right of a neighborhood or other group to propose and to promots plans directed to?

a) Social issues.
b) Special interests.
c) Its own needs and interests.
d) All of the above.
D
What type of interest is charged by the Federal Reserve on loans to commercial banks?

a) Interest rate.
b) Discount rate.
c) Market rate.
d) None of the above.
B
"Potentially responsible parties" (PRPs) is a term in which federal environmental law?

a) Big Trees Preservation Act
b) Clean Air Act
c) Fairy Shrimp Protection Act
d) Super Fund (CERCLA)
D
This technique is used to determine which particular steps in a project will be the most important to keeping a project going. It frequently is used to manage the scheduling of construction projects. Name it.

a) Critical Path Programming.
b) Cost-benefit Analysis.
c) Program Evaluation and Review Technique (PERT)
d) MBO
A
An ordinance requiring the set-aside of land or dollars to construct affordable housing within a subdivision is referred to as?

a) Fees in lieu
b) Inclusionary
c) Excludionary
d) Incentive
B
The term "bordering land subject to flooding" refers to?

a) The area which floods from a rise in a bordering waterway or water body.
b) The area that provides a temporary storage area for flood waters.
c) The area which provides protection from storm damage prevention.
d) All of the above.
D
Cluster development is a type of development that allows the reduction of lot sizes below the zoning ordinance minimum requirements if the land thereby gained is?

a) Utilized for low income housing.
b) Deeded to the mayor.
c) Preserved as permanent open space for the community.
d) A and C.
C
The Planning Commission is an administrative/legislative body that is appointed by such boards as a City Council or County Supervisors and charged with?

a) PArticipating in development of a General Plan.
b) Administration of the Zoning Ordinance.
c) Review of entitlement applications.
d) All of the above.
D
Gross density includes?

a) Streets
b) Schools
c) Parks
d) All of the above.
B
The planning director of a small community is asking the City Council to approve a staff initiated zoning ordinance amendment to provide specific criteria for architectural review of projects. Which of the following would she likely emphasize in her staff report?
I. In the absence of a staff member with a degree in architecture specific criteria is necessary for adequate review.
II. Having specific criteria for architectural review in the zoning ordinance will provide the legal foundation for conditioning and enforcement.
III. Specific review criteria will assure a better built environment.
IV. Specific criteria would help developers design projects acceptable to the jurisdiction.

a) I only
b) II only
c) I, II, and III
d) All of the above.
B
Underground fuel tanks pose a ____ threat to ground water use for drinking water?

a) High
b) Medium
c) Low
d) No Threat
A
You have been asked to prepare a detailed analysis of the groundwater resources in your community. The BEST resource for this report would be?

a) US Environmental Protection Agency
b) US Geological Survey
c) National Marine Fisheries
d) Bureau of Land Management
B
Which of the following represents typical reasons why a jurisdiction would adopt specific development and design standards for multiple family projects in the zoning ordinance?
I. To make them legally binding and defensible.
II. Because typically the development standards in a zoning ordinance do not address multiple family projects.
III. To help curb NIMBY reaction to apartment projects.
IV. To provide adequate neighborhood fit.

a) I and II
b) I and III
c) III and IV
d) All of the above.
D
Planning managers use a variety of measuring tools to measure both process and results. Which of the following are measuring tools?
I. Fishbone diagram
II. Run chart
III. Scatter diagram
IV. Brainstorming
D
The 1965 Penssyvania case National Land and Investment Co. v. Kohn held that?

a) A 4-acre minimum lot size was exclusionary.
b) Phasing development was a valid exercise of local police powers.
c) Communities must accept their fair share of moderate-income housing.
d) Growth can be limited to a community's ability to sustain growth.
A
Of the following, which works BEST to conserve energy?

a) Voluntary rationing of fuel.
b) Solar heating.
c) Telecommuting.
d) Battery powered vehicles.
A
A senior planner is responsible for presenting a staff report before the planning commission. Which of the following would be the MOST IMPORTANT thing to accomplish in her oral presentation?

a) Discuss options and staff recommendations.
b) Preseent nor more than five major points.
c) Loosen up the panel with humor.
d) Address the needs of special interest groups first.
A
All of the following management techniques may be utilized by meeting facilitators EXCEPT?
I. Brainstorming.
II. Diffusion of tension.
III. Keeping the meeting focused.
IV. Determining and aggresively enforcing ground rules.

a) I only
b) II and III
c) IV only
d) I, II, and III
C
What presentation format is most appropriate for addressing a group of 100 citizens in a large public meeting room?
I. Overhead projector.
II. Large color map.
III. Slide projector and color slides.
IV. Video.

a) I only
b) II only
c) III only
d) II and IV
C
A roof that is double pitched on all four sides is referred to as a?

a) Gambrel roof
b) Cape roof
c) Mansard roof
d) Hip roof
C
When testing statistical hypotheses, results that are unlikely to have occurred by chance are called?

a) Random
b) Significant
c) Normal
d) Critical
B
Which system may be used for legal description purposes?

a) US Governement survey
b) Metes and bounds
c) Lot, block, and tract
d) All of the above
D
Fred French Investing Co. v. City of New York introduced the first time concept of?

a) Planned unit development
b) Transfer of development rights
c) Eminent domain
d) Open space zoning
A
Which of the following would most appropriately be the function of a state government than the local or federal governments?

a) Aesthetics regulation
b) Historic properties designation
c) Redevelopment
d) Scenic rivers designation
D
Courts have ruled that a rezoning does NOT constitute spot zoning if?

a) The rezoning is adopted by unanimous vote of the legislative body.
b) The rezoning is not appealed.
c) The rezoning is enacted in accordance with a comprehensive plan.
d) The rezoning allows for special permit or special exception waivers.
C
"Amortization" as it applies to zoning practice refers to?

a) The prohibition of expanding non-conforming uses.
b) The determination of the remaining useful life of a pre-existing non-conforming use.
c) The purchase of property for public use.
d) Eminent domain.
B
This 1915 zoning case involved the operation of a brickyard within metropolitan Los Angeles. Name it.

a) Hadacheck v. Sebastian
b) Euclid v. Ambler Realty Co.
c) Jones v. Los Angeles
d) Nectow v. Cambridge
A
Of the following techniques for preserving agricultural land, which would be the MOST effective?

a) Transfer of Development Rights
b) No growth policy
c) Building permit moratorium
d) Right to farm ordinance
B
What is satisficing?

a) A term meaning that an applicant is satisfied with the approval of his project.
b) Accepting policy options short of maximizing goal attainment.
c) Accepting policy options short to attaining 100% consensus.
d) Both B and C
D
Transportation Systems Management (TSM) includes all of the following EXCEPT?

a) Carpooling and vanpooling incentives.
b) Major new transportation facilities.
c) Improved Transit service.
d) Staggered work schedules.
B
A county planner leaves the public sector to become a conultant. How long should she wait before representing a private client in any action before the county she may have influenced before leaving public employment. The planner is a memeber of AICP.

a) 1 year
b) 2 years
c) 3 years
d) Never
A
Which of the following court cases FIRST established the concept of "public welfare"?

a) Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty Co.
b) Golden v. Planning Board of Ramapo
c) Southern Burlington County NAACP v. Township of Mount Laurel
d) Necton v. Cambridge
A
A principal planner of a large metropolitan area is responsible for facilitating the organization of a parks and open space advisory committee for the county. Representatives from which of the following groups should be considered for the committee?
I. Stockbrokers, bankers, real estate brokers.
II. Landscape architects, private citizens, and law enforcement.
III. Chamber of commerce, building industry, farmers.
IV. Environmental groups, small business operators, school districts.

a) I and IV
b) II and III
c)I, II, and IV
d) All of the above.
D
You are working at the public counter when an angry citizen begins to yell at you. How do you handle this situation?
I. Tell him you will meet him in the parking lot in 10 minutes.
II. Insist that the gentleman calm down so you can assist him.
III. Invite him into the office with another staff member to discuss his problem on an individual basis.
IV. Call the police and have him arrested.

a) I only
b) I and II
c) IV only
d) II and III
D
Which statements are NOT true?
I. As activities become more complex, an organization tends to grow downward at a rapid rate.
II. Horizontal growth may occur only at the top level of an organization.
III. Public information and technical assistance are examples of specialized, staff activities.
IV. The three basic line functions can be applied to departmental structure as well as to the organization itself.

a) I and IV
b) I and III
c) II and IV
C
The senior planner for a small rural community is considering conducting a survey of town residents as to their opinions on the proposed expansion of the town landfill. He is planning on using a questionnaire mailed to all resident taxpayers. The degree of interviewer bias in this type of questionnaire is generally?

a) High
b) Medium
c) Low
C
Regional Malls typically consist of between 750,000 and 2 million square feet gross leasable area (GLA). What size population is required for a mall to be successful?

a) 150,000
b) 200,000
c) 250,000
d) 300,000
C
A pattern of population change that exhibits a constant rate of change is the?

a) Rate of population change.
b) Geometric growth rate.
c) Arithmetic growth rate.
d) Linear progression rate.
B
The New York Court of Appeals held that a restriction of the rate of growth of a municipality through establishment of rigid performance standards was constitutional in which case?

a) Berman v. Parker
b) Golden v. Planning Board of the Town of Ramapo
c) Windsor v. Whitney
d) Eubank v. Richmond
B
The difference between the use of police power and eminent domain in environmental and land use regulation is that?

a) Eminent domain requires compensation.
b) Police power requires compensation.
c) Eminent domain is a power of the federal government only.
d) Police power cannot be exercised by the local government.
A
Which of the following would be primarily a local government function?

a) River basin management.
b) Air pollution abatement.
c) Zoning.
d) Critical environmental areas designation.
C
Which of the following would most appropriately be the function of the federal government>

a) Aesthetics regulation.
b) Air pollution control.
c) Zoning.
d) School planning.
B
The primary purpose of the census, as indicated in the US Constitution is to provide the basis for?

a) Fair apportionment among the states of seats in the US House of REpresentatives.
b) The distribution of federal funds to state and local governments.
c) The distribution of state funds to local governments.
d) The fair apportionment among the states of seats in the US Senate.
A
A number calculated on population data that qualifies a characteristic of the population is a?

a) Dependent variable
b) Variable
c) Statistic
d) Parameter
D
When numbers or values are arranges according to size, the value of the middle term is called the?

a) Arithemetic average.
b) Mode
c) Median
d) Mean
C
An age group in the 75th percentile?

a) Has 25% of the population below it.
b) Has 75% of the population below it.
c) Inidicated that 75% of the individuals in the set are younger.
d) Both B and C
D
An age group in the 85th percentile?

a) Has 15% of the population below it.
b) Has 85% of the population below it.
c) I in the median range.
d) Is statistically insignificant.
D
The range of the numbers, 5, 10, 20, 30 is?

a) 5
b) 10
c) 15
d) 25
D
The median of the numbers 12, 14, 16, 18 is?

a) 12
b) 14
c) 15
d) 16
C
The median of the numbers 3, 4, 5, 7, 9 is?

a) 3
b) 4
c) 5
d) 7
C
The mode of the array 5, 5, 5, 6, 6, 6, 6, 6, 7, 7, 7, 8, 8, 8 is equal to?

a) 5
b) 6
c) 7
d) 8
B
The arithmetic mean of the numbers 2, 4, 6, 8 equals?

a) 4
b) 6
c) 5
d) 10
C
A set of all possible values of a variable is called the?

a) Function
b) Median
c) Domain
d) Yield
C
A scatter diagram is a useful aid in?

a) Regression and correlation analysis.
b) Solving a polynomial equation.
c) Constructing a bar graph.
d) Solving a linear programming problem.
A
The reason for choosing a random sample from a large set of data is?

a) To include at least 25% of the large set.
b) To give greater weight to higher valued items.
c) To approximate the cahracteristics of the large set in less time and with less cost.
d) To be sure that the data conforms to a normal curve.
C
What are the three measures of central tendency?

a) Appraisal, market analysis, cost estimates.
b) The mean ( arithmetic average), the median (midpoint of the distribution), and the mode (most frequently occurring score in the distribution).
c) Skew, graph, table.
d) Bell curve, statistics, group theory.
B
The MEAN of 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 13, 14, 16 is equal to which of the following?

a) 10
b) 8
c) 9
C
A correlation of +100 indicates?

a) The 100th percentile
b) A positive number.
c) A maximum positive correlation.
d) All of the above.
C
Population, unit of analysis, parameter are all terminology related to?

a) Inferential statistics.
b) Mean, Median, Mode.
c) Sampling
d) NUll hypothesis.
C
An analysis of the relationship between two variables is called a?

a) Linear regression.
b) Regression analysis.
c) Correlation analysis.
B
Which is the basic purpose of subdivision law?

a) It is a growth management tool.
b) It regulates the process by which lots are created out of larger tracts.
c) It regulates site design and relationships.
d) B and C
D
Which of the following is a summary of the judgement from Berman v. Parker (1954)?

a) The court upheld zoning as constitutional and as being within the police power of the state.
b) The court held that aesthetics was a valid reason to support action taken for the public welfare. Redevelopment programs that took property in eminent domain and resold the property to private developers was upheld.
c) When a regulation goes so far to deny all economic use of a property, it will be considered a taking unless the prohibited use is "barred by existing rules or understanding" derived from the state's law.
d) Entitlement conditions of approval that require the deeding of portions of property to the government can be justified only if the required dedication is related to the nature and extent of the impact of development.
B
Slapps stands for?

a) Seasonal legislative actions pending publice selection.
b) Strategic lawsuits against public participation.
c) Slum Law Administration Principal Policies.
d) Silly laws aimed at particularly (stupid) people.
B
Of the following examples of "Growth Management" techniques which one could be considered the MOST effective?

a) Requiring imminent development before annexation is considered.
b) Denying development projects until necessary infrastructure is installed.
c) Limiting the number of building permits to a specific number per year based on a desired population growth.
C
A multi-tenant building that offers below-market rents, inexpensive support services, and technical assistance while encouraging entrepreneurial activity may be called?

a) A small business consortium,
b) An economic develpment project.
c) An incubator facility.
C
The simultaneous occurrence of high unemployment and inflation is called?

a) Stagnation
b) Recession
c) Depression
d) Inflation
A
Which of the following is NOT included in Comprehensive Planning?

a) Goals, Objectives, Policies.
b) Development of Plan Concepts.
c) Cost-benefit Analysis.
d) Development of Alternative.
C
Fiscal Impact Analysis is a technique used to assess the impact of a proposed project on a community. What happens if costs exceed revenue?

a) A portion of the project may be funded under the CIP budget.
b) The project may be moified or denied.
c) Special development charges may be attached as a condition of approval in order to sufficiently offset costs.
d) All of the above.
D
A permitted FAR of 2 would allow the construction of ____ square feet of floor space on 40,000 square feet of land.

a) 8,000
b) 80,000
c) 800,000
B
Which of the following are TRUE about PUDs?

a) Anything goes as long as there's a profit in it.
b) Section 8 housing is prohibited.
c) More density equals more tax revenue.
d) Densities are calculated for the entire development.
D
Growth management tools and techniques influence all of the following aspects of growth EXCEPT?

a) Types of commercial development.
b) Timing
c) Density
d) Cost of growth
A
Where are we? Where are we going? Wjere do we want to go? ____?
I. How do we get ther?
II. How can we pay for it?
III. What are our next steps?
IV. Who do we need to ask?

a) I and II
b) I and III
c) II and III
d) III and IV
B
All of the following contribute to successful consensus building EXCEPT?
I. Select constructive participants.
II. Work with a common definition of the problem.
III. Make clear what outcomes are expected.
IV. Involve the media after decisions are made.

a) I and II
b) II and III
c) III only
d) IV only
D
Traditionally the planning process includes all of the above EXCEPT?

a) Select goals and objectives.
b) Clarify values.
c) Forecast infrastructure costs.
d) Formulate alternatives.
C
Which of the following maps uses a scale of 1:24,000 or 1:25,000?

a) Surficial Geology Quadrangles
b) Wetland Inventory
c) Parcel Map
d) GIS Map
A
The things in a community that make it a desirable place in which to live or do business (such as good climate and natural features, schools, housing, medical facilities, cultural and recreational amenities, and public services) contribute to?

a) The cost of housing
b) An individual's quality of life.
c) Expansion of the population.
d) Strong migration trends.
B
Which map would be prepared by the Army Corps of Engineers?

a) USGS topographic.
b) USGS ortho-photo.
c) Soil Conservation soil survey.
d) Project flood maps.
D
Which of the following was decided before the US Supreme Court in 1915?

a) Hadacheck v. Sebastian
b) Eubank v. City of Richmond
c) Town of Windsor v. Whitney
d) Euclid b. Ambler Realty Co.
A
A city planner doubles as the economic development director for her city. Working with members of the local chamber of commerce and other interested business-minded private citizens, she has implemented a basic economic program aimed at promoting economic health in the community. All of the following are included in a city planner's program EXCEPT?

a) Retaining existing business and industry.
b) Attracting new business.
c) Promoting a policy to limit large box retailers from locating in your community.
d) Developing and financing facilities that help capture business or recycle local funds.
C
A staff planner is responsible for preparing a report for a proposed GPA. If approved, the action would allow a multiple family use to be designated near the Central Business District. There is moderate community protect over the proposed change.
The planner has been told by the City Administrator that the Council is looking favorable toward approval of the request because the community needs affordable housing. However, the Council is seeking compelling reasins to approve the amendment to prevent bad press and political embarassment. Understanding all this the planner decides to?

a) Recommend denial of the project to protect the Council from public outcry.
b) Includes in the staff report a discussion about the need for affordable housing and the requirements of state law to provide such housing and offer recommendation for approval.
c) Recommend approval based on the right of the property owner to develop land as he sees fit.
d) Recommend a series of alternative choices and let the Council make the final decision.
B