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61 Cards in this Set

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Tuscan order
similar to greek doric except there is a base and shaft is smooth, no grooves, no scuplture in pediment, on top of roof, genercic sculpture
tumulus tomb
mounds over tombs cut out of bedrock
Augustus
victorious general, first emperor of rome
Corinthian order
greeks invented it, but didn't use it much, Roman used it a lot, version of ionic columns, no curling volutes, use curling leaves
groin vault
tunnel vault cut through at center right angles by another tunnel
verism
very realistic copies every detail of person often based on a death max (wax mold of actual face)
forum
central plaza, square community center cities principle temple here
basilica
civic building for meetings, speaches, etc, avoided making basilicas with arches or vaults until end of empire
nave
tall middle section of basilica
side aisles
side pieces of building flaking nave
amphiteater
Roman normally oval, ampa means double, greek theaters were half circle, double half circle=whole circle or oval often for ritual combat
domus
upper class housing much more expanded than lower class, larger families, focused inwards on various courtyards in center of house
atrium
center most important courtyard rectangular opening in roof to let in air, light, and rain water, lots of solid walls of interior,
mosaic
changes from greek to romans, status symbol, sophistication, high status, very labor intensive
Apollo from Veii
Etruscan
6th c BCE
w
Sarcophagus with Reclining couple
Etruscan
6th c BCE
w
Capitoline Wolf
Etruscan
5th C BCE
w
Arringatore
Etruscan/Roman
1st c BCE
w
Murals of the Villa of Mysteries
Roman
Pompeii
1st BCE
w
Augustus of Primaporta
Roman
1st BCE/CE
w
triumphal arch
monument to celebrate military victories, architecture w/o interior space, represents city gate
encaustic
hot wax painting, done w/ coloured wax, hardened quickly
Baths of Caracalla
end of 3rd century, built by caracalla to appease community so they wouldn't revolt, had shops, art galleries, lecture halls, used groin vaults domes, and clerestory windows
Basilica of Constantine
last major construction of roman empire, basilicas usually made of timber but this one was made of stone using archades, only 1/3 of it left
Constantine
emporer that reunified the Roman empire during 4th century, thought he was champion of christianity, issued order for no persecution of christians
catacombs
vast subterranean networks of galleries and chambers designed as cemetaries for burying christian dead, not created by christians
apse
a recess, usually semicircular in the wall of a Roman basilica or at the east end of a church
central plan
buildings parts are of equal or almost equal dimensions around the center. usually round or polygonal domed structures, also generally used for structures adjacent to main basilicas
illuminated manuscript
luxurious handmade book with painted illustraions and decorations
Constantinople
new capital city, now known as Istanbul, Turkey
was Byzantium
Justinian
emporer of Byzantine empire in 6th century, empire reaches greatest extent
pendentive
four arches, masonry in between, turns corner, corners arch inwards, curvy triangle that supports dome
chi-rho-iota
three initial letters of Christ's name in Greek XPI which came to serve as monogram for Christ
mandorla
an almond shaped nimbus surrounding the figure of christ or other sacred figure
icon
portrate or image, especially in byzantine art, panel with a painting of sacred personages that are objects of veneration.
iconoclasm
the destruction of images, in byzantium, the period from 726 to 843 when there was an imperial ban on images. the destoyers of the images were known as iconoclasts.
iconostasis
in byzantine churches, a creen or partition with doors and many tiers of icons, separating the sanctuary from the main body of the church
Transfiguration
symbolizes not only his own death, with its redeeming consequences, but also the death of his martyrs, the lamb, also a symbol of martyrdom, appropriately represnts maryred aposltes
Augustus of Primaporta
Roman
1st BCE/CE
w
Procession Frieze, Ara Pacis Augustae
Roman
Rome
1st CE
w
Maison Carree
Roman
Nimes, France
1st CE
w
Pont Du Gard
Roman
Nimes, France
1st BCE
w
Colosseum
Roman
Rome
1st CE
w
Arch of Titus
Roman
Rome
1st CE
w
Spoils of Jerusalem, Arch of Titus
Roman
Rome
1st CE
w
Column of Trajan
Roman
Rome
2nd CE
w
The Pantheon (interior)
Roman
Rome
2nd CE
w
Marcus Aurelius
Roman
2nd CE
w
The Four Tetrarchs
Roman
4th CE
w
Arch of Constantine
Roman
Rome
4th CE
w
Arch of Constantine
Roman
Rome
4th CE
w
Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus
w
Early Christian
4th c. CE
Santa Costanza (interior)
Early Christian
Rome
4th c CE
w
Christ as the Good Shepherd
Early Christian
Ravenna
4th c. CE
w
Hagia Sophia
Anthemius, Isodorus
Byzantine
Istabul, Turkey
6th c CE
w
San Vitale
Byzantine
Ravenna, Italy
6th c CE
w
Justinian and attendants
Byzantine
San Vitale, Ravenna
6th c CE
w
The Transfiguration
Byzantine
St Catherin Monastery,
Sinai, Egypt
6th c CE
w
christ pantokrator
byzantine
daphni, greece
11th c CE
w
St Mark's
Byzantine
Venice, Italy
11th c CE
w
David Composing psalms, paris psalter
Byzantine
10th c CE
w