Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/27

Click to flip

27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Any part of Art that does not represent observable aspects of nature or transforms visible forms into stylized image.
Abstraction/Abstract
The final, topmost stone in a corbel arch or vault, which joins the sides and completes the structure
Capstone
A general term covering all types of wares made from fired clay, including porcelain and terra cotta
Ceramics
A vault made by projecting courses of stone
Corbel Vault
An early roofing and arching technique in which each course of stone projects past the last until they meet at the top
Corbelling
A prehistoric structure (simple megalithic tomb) made up of two or more large, upright stones supporting one large horizontal slab or stone
Dolmen
A circular area enclosed by stones or wood posts set up by Neolithic peoples. Usually surrounded by a ditch
Henge
Relief sculpture in which the image projects strongly from the background
High relief
The process of creating a three dimensional object on a two dimensional surface using shading, or in sculpture, creating a form out of a malible material
Modeling
A projecting pin (tenon) fits into a hole designed for it (mortise)
Mortise and Tenon Joints
Two or more vertical elements supporting a horizontal elemenet
Post and Lintel
A wall construction combining upright branches woven with twigs and plastered or filled with clay or mud
Wattle and Daub
A sculpture whose flat background is carved away to a certian depth, setting off the figure
Relief Sculpture
a line or an arrangement of parallel or converging lines of upright stones or menhirs
Alignment
A prehistoric monument consisting of monoliths encircling a mound (or a dolmen)
Cromlech
an upright monumental stone standing either alone or with others, as in an alignment
Menhir
ornamental work (such as embroidery or latticework) having a pattern of openings
Openwork
As opposed to relief, sculpture in the round has form on all sides and may be viewed from any angle
Sculpture in the Round
A layer of masonry units running (essentially) horizontally in a wall
Masonry Course
Myth
Folklore, legend, fables, a story, something that cannot be proven
History
Something that happened in the past, language, can be written down
Paleolithic
Means "Old Stone", or the Stone Age. This is the time where tools first appeared.
Neolithic
Means "New Stone", or the last phase of the Stone Age. This was marked by the domestication of animals, pottery, and domestication of animals.
Auroch
A very large, extinct type of cattle found in Europe during the Stone Age
Memory Image
An image that relies on the generic shapes and relationships that readily spring to mind at the mention of an object.
Potsherds
Broken pieces of ceramic
Earthworks
A work of art created by altering a piece of land, especially on a large scale.