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65 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Bio means ______.
Life
An example of fermented food is ________.
Cheese
The earliest method of livestock improvement was probably by _________.
Selection
The person providing the foundation for scientific studt of heredity was ________.
Gregor Johann Mendel
The genetic code of life is ______.
DNA
Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, and Thymine are all ______.
Bases
Recombinant DNA technology is also known as _______.
Gene splicing
Genetic engineering can be done to change ___________.
Animals, microorganisms, and plants
Important contribution to biotechnology to waste management is _________.
Bacteria that consume oil
Chemical pollutants in water that may be decomposed or deactivated by bacteria include _________.
PCBs
Used to make alcoholic beverages
Fruits and grains
Causes bread to rise
Yeast
Fermented grains or grasses
Silage
Heredity
Genetics
DNA and bases
Genes
Bio means ______.
Life
An example of fermented food is ________.
Cheese
The earliest method of livestock improvement was probably by _________.
Selection
The person providing the foundation for scientific studt of heredity was ________.
Gregor Johann Mendel
The genetic code of life is ______.
DNA
Adenine, Guanine, Cytosine, and Thymine are all ______.
Bases
Recombinant DNA technology is also known as _______.
Gene splicing
Genetic engineering can be done to change ___________.
Animals, microorganisms, and plants
Important contribution to biotechnology to waste management is _________.
Bacteria that consume oil
Chemical pollutants in water that may be decomposed or deactivated by bacteria include _________.
PCBs
Used to make alcoholic beverages
Fruits and grains
Causes bread to rise
Yeast
Fermented grains or grasses
Silage
Heredity
Genetics
DNA and bases
Genes
Result of dominant gene
Tall pea plants
Deoxyribonucleic acid
DNA
Embryo
Fertilized cell
Controls blood sugar levels
Insulin
Makes "marked" bacteria turn blue
X-Gal
Life or living
Bio
To pick the best plant or animals for producing the next generation
Improvement by selection
The selection of parents to get desirable characteristics in the offspring
Selective breeding
The biology of heredity
Genetics
The transmission of characteristics from an organism to an offspring through genes in reproductive cells
Heredity
Components of cells which determine the individual characteristics of living things; are comprised of DNA
Genes
The offspring of common parents
Generation
The offspring
Progeny
The coded material in a cell; also called DNA
Deoxyribonucleic acid
An exact duplicate of something
Clone
The movement of genetic information in the form of genes from one cell to another
Genetic engineering
A slightly acid substance the nuclei of all cells contain; DNA
Nucleic acid
Chemicals that connect pairs of strands of DNA together
Bases
Bases of DNA known as "A"
Adenine
Bases of DNA known as "G"
Guanine
Bases of DNA known as "C"
Cytosine
Bases of DNA known as "T"
Thymine
The process of identifying the location of a specific gene on a chromosome
Mapping
The process of removing and inserting genes into DNA
Gene Splicing/Recominant DNA Technology
The process of finding and recording the location of genes
Gene mapping
Bacteria that were genetically altered to retard frost formation on plant leaves
Ice-Minus
A compound that turns genetically enginerred bacteria into a shade of blue to easily detect and trace
X-Gal
A hormone that is used in the stimulation of increased milk production in cows
Bovine somatotropin (BST)
An animal hormone that increased meat production in swine
Porcine somatotropin (PST)
The chemical used by people to control their blood sugar levels
Insulin
A scientist in the 1800s that worked with peas to manipulate genes
Gregor Johann Mendel
Science through modifying genetic traits that include genetic engineering, genetic enhancements
Biotechnology
Name five purposes of biotechnology
1. Modify and improve plants, animals, and microorganisms
2. Improve health
3. Fight diseases
4. Protect environment
5. Fight hunger
What substance was first made by a genetically enhanced bacteria to control blood sugar levels?
Insulin
List four benefits from biotechnology?
1. Provides higher nutritional ingredients and human health
2. Controls animal diseases
3. Increases yield and less soil erosion
4. High quality crops (resistance through chemicals from diseases, weather, pests)