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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
"GENERAL WILL"
betterment of the community; founded by Rousseau; determines country's course in economy &politics
PHYSIOCRATS
opponents of mercantilism; led by Quesnay; felt need for strong independent republic
SMITH
developed idea of free trade; father of modern capitalism; thought mercantilist doctrine was selfish &unnatural
TULL
use of horses instead of oxen; developed seed drill &selective breeding
LISTER
connection between bacteria &problems of wound infections
FREUD
hysteria of patients originated in early-childhood experiences; unconsicious psychological energy=sexual energy
MATLTHUS
population would grow faster than food supply; marry late to stop population growth
KOCH
developed pure cultures of harmful bacteria; led to effective vaccines
ELI WHITNEY
cotton gin inventor
OPEN-FIELD SYSTEM
divided land to be cultivated by peasants into large fields; cut into long, narrow, strips
FRIEDRICH LIST
supported formation of customs union among German states; high protective tariffs led to economic nationalism
MUHAMMED ALI
estab. strong&independent Egyptian state; reformed govt; cultivated new lands; encouraged commercial agriculture
MATTHEW PERRY
demanded diplomatic negotiations w/emperor; signed treaty that opened 2 ports&permitted trade
GEORGE STEPHENSON
built effective locomotive; 1st railroad [ROCKET]
HAUSSMAN
created streets which stimulated construction of better housing
CRYSTAL PALACE
produced 2/3 of world's coal; more than 1/2 of iron&cotton cloth
RICARDO
Iron Law Of Wages: cuz of pop growth, wages would sink to subsistence level
HENRY CORT
puddling furnace; heavy-duty, steam-powered mills