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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Dysphagia has been reported in several types of disorders, and it can be classified as neurologic or __________.
A ______ is the leading cause of a neurologic disorder.
T/F: Aspiration is the passage of food or liquid through the vocal folds.
Name one way the severity of aspiration can be described.
A) Estimate the % of the total bolus aspirated or
B) Estimate the depth of bolus invasion into the airway.
T/F: The process of normal aging in the absence of disease is accompanied by a myriad of changes in body systems.
Dysphagia can be either a structural or a functional problem, name one general sign of this disorder.
Sign or symptom:_____________________
Any of the following: A) Signs of Reflux B) Airway Voice Problems C) Hoarseness
D) Heartburn E) Wheezing F) Signs of Aspiration
Approximately __ -__% of patients with stroke have dysphagia, which is the most significant risk factor for development of pneumonia.
Dysphagia is defined as diffculty ____________.
T/F: Disorders of the smooth muscle esophagus in children vary from those in adults to a lesser degree than a deglutitive disorder.
Swallowing disorders occur in all age groups, but especially in the _______.
Which is a symptom for the oral phase for swallowing symptoms and disorders.
A)Unable to align teeth due to reduced mandibular movement; B) Ability to hold food in the mouth posteriorly due to reduced lip closure. C) Tongue moves backwards to start the swallow due to tongue thrust.
A. Unable to align teeth due to reduced mandibular movement.
Which is a symptom for the pharyngeal phase for swallowig with its symptoms and disorders?
A) Aspiration during swallow due to enlarged laryngeal closure; B) Nasal penetration after swallowing due to reduced velopharyngeal closure; C) Residue at the top of airway due to reduced laryngeal elevation.
C. Residue at the top of airway due to reduced laryngeal elevation.
Pneumonia accounts for about __% of all stroke-related deaths and represents the third highest cause of death during the first month after a stroke.
T/F: Neurologic swallowing disorders are encountered more frequency in rehabiliation medicine than in most other medical specialities.
T/F: Dysphagia is particularly common among older patients, as ageing can lead to weakened jaw muscles, loss of teeth, dysfunction of smell and taste, and reduced salivation.
T/F: Oropharyngeal dysphagia is most common in elderly patients and frequently presents as part of a broader complex of signs and symptoms that lead the physician to a correct primary diagnosis.
Stroke is the leading cause of ___________ dysphagia.
Among elderly patients, dysphagia may have particularly serious consequences, particularly in terms of ___________and ________ diseases.
Malnutrition and Respiratory Diseases
In the elderly, ________ may indicate a laryngeal tumor.
Chest pain and weight loss is a symptom of _________ dysphagia.
_______ dysphagia is described as being a result of inflammatory conditions such as pharyngitis or tonsilitis.
Weak voice and coughing while swallowing are symptoms of _______ dysphagia.
Difficulty in swallowing liquids is often suggestive of a ________ disorder or a sign of age-related swallowing difficulties.
Progressive dysphagia may indicate a neuromuscular disease or a ______.
______ dysphagia is most commonly the result of neurological disorders such as Parkinson's Disease, Motor neurone disease, Neuromuscular disease, Multiple sclerosis, and Alzheimer's Disease.