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51 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
life or living
bio
picking the best plants or animals for producing the next generation
improvement by selection
selection of parents to get desirable characteristics in the offspring
selective breeding
biology of heredity
genetics
the transmission of characteristics from an organism to its offspring through genes in reproductive cells
heredity
components of cells which determine the individual characterists of living things
genes
offspring of common parents
generation
an exact duplicate of something
clone
the movement of genetic information in the form of genes from one cell to another
genetic engineering
a slightly acidic substance that the nuclei of all cells contain
nucleic acid
chemicals that connect DNA strands
bases
a DNA base designated with the letter A
Adenine
a DNA base designated with the letter G
Guanine
a DNA base designated with the letter T
Thymine
the process of identifying the location of a specific gene on a chromosome
mapping
the process of removing and inserting genes into DNA
gene splicing
also know as gene splicing
recombinant DNA technology
the process of finding and recording the location of genes
gene mapping
bacteria that were genetically altered to retard frost formation on plant leaves
Ice-Minus
a compound that effects genetically engineered so they turn a bright shade of blue in its prescence
X-Gal
a hormone that is known for its stimulation of increased milk production in cows
Bovine Somatotropin (BST)
a chemical used by people with diabetes to control their blood sugar levels
insulin
a hormone that increases meat production in swine
Porcine Somatotropin (PST)
Define Biotechnology.
the use of microorganisms, aniumal cells, plant cells, or components of cells to produce products or carry out processes with living organisms
What are some characterists looked for in selective breeding?
color, size, milk production, speed, gentleness, strength
Who started plant crossbreeding with garden peas?
Gregor Mendell
What did Gregor Mendell observe in his pea plant experiment?
the pattern in the way different characteristics were passed down from one generation to another
the biology of heredity
genetics
the transforming of characteristics (genes) to offspring
heredity
What does DNA stand for?
deoxyribonucleic acid
transposts genes in one cell to genes in another
genetic engineering
Define DNA
DNA is in all living cells. It is similar in structure, function, and composition, and is the transmitter of heridutary information
genetic alphabet of life
Adeline, Guanine, Cytosine, Thymine
Adeline : ______
Thymine
Guanine: ______
Cytosine
Thymine: _____
Adeline
Cytosine: ______
Guanine
What happens when cells divide?
Stands of DNA seperate -> chemicals match up, new -> strands form
chemical to keep fruit safe
Ice-Minus
used to increase milk production; used in animals with milk problems
BST
hormone used in steer
PST
Steer are slaughtered at age _____
1 year
Genes change to _____
fight off a particular disease
Did not like certain genes in potatoes
Colorado Potato Beetle
How were potatoes protected from the Coloardo Potato Beetle?
injected with bad genes
Insulin came from animal's ____
pancreas
genetically engineered to produce insulin
E. coli
animals engineered to have new substances helpful to us
transgenic animals
Waste Management:
- not enough places to store trash
- landfills leaked into groundwater
- running out of land
certain bacteria is created to eat oil spills and clean the water
Biotechnology with Waste Management
offspring
prognency