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177 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
The two major goat producing areas in the world are _____ and ______.
Asia and Africa
In the United States, Angora goats are located mostly in the state of _______.
Texas
The _______ and _______ dairy goat breeds yield milk high in milk fat content.
American LaMancha and Nubians
The ______ breed is popular because it produces a large quantity of low-fat milk (Holstein of the dairy goat breeds).
Saanen
The goat's udder has _____ divisions, each with its own glandular structure and teat.
2
The goat has a ______ digestive system.
Ruminant
Goats can consume ______ percent of their body weight in dry matter per day.
5-7
Goats are bred primarily during the months of ______ through _______.
September - November
Gestation in the goat is about ____ months long.
5
Kids are weaned from milk or milk replacer at ____ to ____ weeks of age.
6 - 12
_______ is a type but not a breed of goats that produce a fine underdown.
Cashmere
A goat will produce about _____ pounds of mohair per clipping.
6.5
The standard lactation of dairy goats is _____ days.
305
______ is a meat from goats slaughtered at weaning or older.
Chevon
______ is the dairy goat breed that has long, pendulant ears and produces a high butterfat milk.
Nubians
________ is the dairy goat breed with no ears.
American LaMancha
_____ is the number of goats worldwide.
639 million
______ is the largest dairy goat breed and most popular in Israel, Europe, Austrailia, and New Zealand.
Saanen
The breed of goat that produce mohair is ______.
Angora
_______ is the orgin(area of the world) of cashmere.
Asia
Pygmy goats originated in ______.
West Africa
______ are the shoots, twigs, and leaves of brush plants found growing on rangeland.
Browse
The condition in which the goat contains reproductive organs of both sexes is called _________; it is typically found when trying to breed for the polled condition.
hermaphroditism
Kids raised on bottles will consume _____ percent of their body weight per day.
8
______ is the breed of goat that originated in Turkey.
Angora
________ is the meat goat breed from southern Africa.
Boer Goats
_____ is a small, flat, wingless insect with suckling mouthparrs that is parasitic on the skin of animals.
Lice
______ is a disease that affects the central nervous system of young kids and induces head tremors, loss of coordination, and partial paralysis. In adult goats, arthritis affects the feet and other limb joints; a hard udder is common.
Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis
______ is also called sore mouth.
Contagious Ecthyma
_____ are broadleaf plants.
Forbs
A 100 poung goat will normally yield a ____ pound carcass.
50
Meat taken from mature goats is called ________.
older goat
The world goat record for milk production is from the ______ breed.
Toggenburgs
________ is a genetic term describing when one gene controls the phenotype of more than one trait.
Pleiotropic effect
Buck kids that are not kept for breeding should be castrated by age ______.
2-5 days
_________ is a disease in goats that causes Malta fever in humans.
Brucellosis
_________ is the most common type of infectious abortion in goats.
Chlamydial abortion
_______ is also known as overeating disease.
enterotoxemia
________ is a highly fatal goat disorder caused by a soil organism penetrating a deep puncture wound.
Tetanus
________ is a common U.S. reportable type of mange in goats.
Psoroptic
The optimum number of daylight hours for maximum milk yield is ______.
16 hours
________ parts blood must pass through the udder to produce one part milk.
300-500 lbs
______ is also known as syndactylism.
Mull foot
PTAT is the abbreviation for __________.
Predicted transmitting ability for type
Casting is used as a temporary treatment of _________.
displaced abomasum
________ is also known as barn itch.
Mange
________ is a cause of cattle grubs.
Heel flies
_________ is a zoonotic disorder that affects as many as 90 percent of dairy farms by this parasitic organism.
Cryptosporidiosis
________ is a test for determination of BF% in milk.
Babcock Test
_______ was the year the Babcock test was developed.
1890
______ is the state that produces the most milk (total pounds)
CA
______ is the state with the largest number of dairy cows.
CA
________ is also called Illawara.
Milking Shorthorn
_______ is caused by a deficiency of vitamin E or Se in dairy calves.
White Muscle Disease
(AKA nutritional muscullar distrophy)
Another name for BSE is ______.
Mad Cow Disease
________ are molds that develop on feed that produce toxins.
alfatoxin
The hormone _______ stimulates milk letdown.
oxytocin
The hormone _______ counteracts milk letdown.
epinephrine
The hormone _______ stimulates an increase of up to 20 percent more milk with only 5 percent more feed.
BST (growth hormone)
______ is another name for a carousel-type milk barn.
Rotary Barn
_______ is the recommended breeding method for dairy cattle.
Outbreeding
An agent that destroys worms in the digestive tract is ________.
anthelmintic
The tendency of two or more traits that vary in the same direction or in opposite directions due to common forces or influences is known as __________
correlation
______ is a chamber that connects the four teat cups to the milk line.
Claw
_______ is the standardization of lactation records to the level of yield that would have been attained by each cow if it had been a mature cow and calved in the month of the yar of highest calving frequency for its breed.
Mature Equivalent (ME)
_________ is a disease characterized by pneumonia or septicemia. The higest incidence occurs in animals subjected to stress.
Shipping Fever
_______ is also known as acetonemia.
Ketosis
________ is a disease that causes chronic diarrhea and weight loss resulting from infection with the bacterium of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis.
Johne's Disease
_______ is also known as bacillary hemoglobinuria.
Red Water Disease
CSS stands for _______.
Certified semen services
_______ is caused by Mycobacterium bovis.
Tuberculosis
______ is a viral disorder that causes lesions indistinguishable from those of foot and mouth disease.
Vesicular stomatitis
________ is also known as bovine genital camplyobacteriosis.
Vibriosis
_______ is the common name for infectious bovine keratoconjuctivitis.
Pink eye
_______ is also called gas gangrene.
Malignant edema
_________ is the common name for bovine spongiform encephalopathy.
Mad Cow Disease
________ is caused by Actinomycosis bovis.
Lumpy Jaw (wooden tongue)
________ is the most commonly used test for diagnosis of leptospirosis in cattle.
Microscopic Agglutination test (MAT)
______ is the common name for interdigital phlegmon.
Foot Rot
The primary milk secretion hormone is ________.
prolactin
The spores from the fatal disease _______ can liv in the soil for more than 60 years.
Anthrax
________ is a fatal protozoan disease of cattle that destroys the red blood cells, causing anemia and death.
Anaplasmosis
_____ is the normal rectal temperature of a dairy cow.
101.5
_______ is the mechanism that permits alternating vacuum and atmospheric pressure to exist between the teat cup liner and shell.
Pulsator
_______ is also known as traumatic gastritis
Hardware Disease
_______ is used to regularly evaluate whre an individual cow stands in body condition relative to the ideals for its stage of lactation.
Body condition score
Established colleges of agriculture in each state are called ______.
Land Grant Act
Intake crude protein that is broken down by microorganisms in the rumen is called ________.
ruminal degrated intake protien
MUN is an abbreviation for _______.
Milk Urea Nitrogen
_______ is the common name for runimal tympany.
Bloat
_______ should only be used as a last resort for the treatment of ruminal tympany.
Trocar and cannula
______ is caused by a deficiency of iodine in the diet.
Goiter
_______ is caused by a deficiency of magnesium in the diet.
Grass Tetany
The disorder _______ is prevented by the use of DCADS.
Milk Fever
______ is also known as hyperkeratosis.
X Disease
The Holstein Association uses _______ as a method of ranking bulls on their overall performance.
Type Production Index (TPI)
_______ is the common name for papillomatous digital dermatitis.
Hairy Foot Warts
________ is also known as red nose.
Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis
______ is one of the most commonly diagnosed viruses in bovine abortion cases and is easily prevented with vaccination and improved sanitation.
Bovine Viral Diarrhea Virus (BVDV)
______ is caused by the heel fly.
Grubs
_______ are wingless, flattened insects.
Lice
______ and ______ are two reportable external parasites common to dairy and beef cattle.
Sarcoptic Mange
Psoroptic Mange
________ is the common name for nematodes.
Roundworms
______ is an example of a trematode.
Liver Fluke
What law started experimental stations that manage diseases
Hatch Act
What law sends an agent to farms and teaches farmers what was found at the experimental stations.
Smith-Lever Act
Created a Cream Separator that acts as a centrifuge – cream rise to top
Gustav DeLaval
Created a test to test fat in milk products and TB testing in cattle.
Samuel Babcock
A disease caused by oils and lubricants
X-Disease
Tall fescue toxicosis is found in?
Eastern U.S.
Larkspur poisoning is commonly found in what area?
Western U.S.
Name some reasons for culling?
Low production, Chronic health or injuries, Mastitis, reproduction, dairy purposes
A disease that causes the body to be unable to fight diseases outside of the bloodstream.
BLAD (bovine leukocyte adhesion deficiency)
A sphincter muscle that controls the release of milk through the streak canal of each teat
Furstenburg's rosette
What is LH?
Luetenizing Hormone
CMT stands for?
California Mastitis Test
What type of mastitis can actually be seen in the milk?
Clinical mastitis
What type of mastitis cannot be seen in the milk and needs to be sent to the lab?
Subclinical Mastitis
What type of barn is good for milking a small herd in easy time period and has the disadvantage of medical back issues for milkers because the person doing the milking is at same level as the cow?
Flat Barn
What type of cattle housing can let in or out one cow at a time, the milker no longer has to stoop down because the cows are milked up high?
Side-open
What type of cattle housing has cows milked up high, come in as a group and leave as a group, and one person can milk more cows per hour?
Herringbone
What is the breeding weight for Holstein and Brown Swiss?
750lbs
What is the breeding weight for Ayrshires?
600lbs
What is the breeding weight for Guernseys?
550lbs
What is the breeding weight for Jerseys?
500lbs
What is the breeding age for heifers?
13-15 months
What is a springer?
Female bovine that is filling w/ milk & ready to calf
What does IgG stand for and what is it?
Immunoglobulin
Antibodies passed from mom to baby
What is colostrum and when should it be given?
moms milk that has antibodies, should be given w/in 30 minutes of birth
A Sheep disorder related to abnormal transformation of cartilage into bone.
Spider Syndrome
Meat from young goats is called?
Cabrito
_____ is grass?
Forage
What is the disbudding age for kids?
3-14 days of age
A goat is in estrus for how long?
1-2 days
The stocking rate for goats? (buck/doe ratio)
1:30
Mad Cow Disease is thought to be caused by what?
Scrapie prion
________ is wool removed from sheep prior to scouring.
Grease wool
Undersirable large, chalky white hairs from Anogora goats.
Kemp
What is the composition of milk?
87.5% water
3.2% protein
7% Minerals
Measurement of the fineness of wool; 560 yards of yarn.
Hank
Meat from a mature sheep.
Mutton
Same as green chop
soilage
Young sheep under 1 year of age.
Lamb
Feedstuff of greater than 20 percent crude fiber and less than 60 percent in total digestible nutrients.
Roughage
Condition in which the two alleles at a given locus are not the same.
Heterozygous
Pertaining to the condition in which both genes at a particular location, on homlogous chromosomes, are the same allele or are identical.
homozygous
Genetic makeup of an animal
Genotype
Who are seasonal breeders?
goats, sheep and horses
Contagious Ecthyma in humans is called?
Orf
FSH is?
follicle stimulating hormone
What hormone induces lactation?
lactogenic hormone
Estimate of a sire's or dam's potential to transmit yield productivity to its offspring.
Predicted transmitting ability (PTA)
Another name for brucellosis is?
Bang's Disease
What breed has wattles?
Toggenburgs
________ is another term used to indicate SCC levels or mastitis severity.
Linear Score
Primary mastitis-causing organisms are _________ and __________.
Streptococcus agalactiae
Staphylococcus aureus
E-coli as a mastitis causing organism is also _________ mastitis.
Environmental
The rubber part of the milking machine in actual contact with the cow's teat.
Liner
The cylindrical metal part of the teat cup.
Shell
Made up of the shell, inflation and air hose.
Teat cup assembly
A refrigerated storage tank for on-the-farm storage milk.
Bulk tank (milk tank)
Caused by poisoning from ingesting plants; animal walks with an unsteady gait.
Blind Staggers
Caused by prolonged ingestion of forage or grains; selenium poisoning
Alkali Disease
Coagulates milk in the stomach
Renin
A young bull
Bullock
Sage, shinoak and saltbush are examples of _______.
Forbs
______ are well adapted for high altitude mountain grazing and are moderate milk producers.
Oberhasli goats
______ are similiar to Saanen with the exception of color.
Sable goats
______ are large, rugged animals with alert eyes and erect ears.
French Alpine
Oberhasli used to be called ________.
Swiss Alpine
Male goats have ________ around the horn base, if not burned off when young will spray on females and taste it in the milk.
scent glands
Lice are also know as?
Pediculosis
______ leads the nation in dairy goats.
CA
_____ leads the nation in meat goats.
TX
Abortion, mastitis, high temperature, jaundice, wine colored urine, and anemia are conditions that occur with __________.
leptospirosis
A disease that causes the destruction of red blood cells that causes anemia and death.
Anaplasmosis
Signs of _______ are inflamed muscles, severe toxemia and death rate approaching 100%.
Blackleg