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157 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
A mature follicle is called a __________
graffian follicle
The funnel-shaped end of an oviduct is an _________
infundibulum
__________ is the exact location of fertilization.
Fallopian Tube
______ is the anatomical part of the reproductive tract that protects the uterus from infection & passage of foreign material.
Cervix
The age of a mare whe she reaches puberty is ______
12-15 months
The average length of estrous cycle in a cow is ______
18-24 days
The average length of estrous cycle in a bitch is ______
6-12 months
The average length of estrous cycle in a mare is _______
19-25 days
Nidation is complete ______ days after the cow is fertilized
30-35
The hormone that maintains pregnancy is ___________
Progesterone
_______ is an accurate method of pregnancy diagnosis in dogs used only during the last trimester
Radiography
In dairy cows, the hormone ______ is assayed from milk samples for pregnancy diagnosis.
pregesterone
A fetus releases ________, which triggers parturition.
Cortisone
_________ refers to an animal with testes abnormally remaining in the abdominal cavity.
Cryptorchidism
_____,______, and _______ are three accessory sex glands in the male.
Seminal vesicles, cowper's gland and prostate gland
_______ is the main male sex hormone.
Testosterone
A heifer that is bres and who conceives on May 1 should calve on ________
Feb 9
Progesterone is primarily produced in the _________. Is many functions include __________.
Corpus Luteum
Mammary secratory tissue
A sow does not return to heat until after _________
she is weened
What is flushing and what animals practice it?
Increase energy in diet few weeks b4 breeding
Sheep, goats, and pigs
List 3 items you can check for in rectal palpation pregnancy diagnosis.
Fetal membrane slip
size increase
cotyledons
miduterine artery
Turkey hens are commerically kept for breeding _____ times.
1
The recommended stocking rate for breeding turkeys is _______
1:10-20
Doe rabbits are usually rebred whe the litter is ________
weened
The sensory and erectile organ of the female located just inside the vulva is the _________
clitoris
An infertile heifer born twin to a bull is called a _________
freemartin
The hormone _________ stimulates mammary duct development.
estrogen
The hormone ________ has been shown to increase milk yield by as much as 20% when injected daily into the cow.
BST
Sperm is evaluated on the basis of __________
concentration, motility, & morphology
The lengths of estrus in a cow is _______
18-19 hours
The length of estrus in a ewe is _______
24-36 hours
The length of estrus in a doe is _______
32-40 hours
The length of estrus in a mare is _______
4-8 days
The length of estrus in a bitch is ________
5-19 days
The typical stocking rate for a goat is ______
1:30
The typical stocking rate for sheep is _______
1:35-60
The typical stocking rate for cattle is _______
1:25-40
The typical stocking rate for horses is _______
1:20-30
The typical stocking rate for ducks is ______
1:7
The typical stocking rate for turkeys is ________
1:10-20
The typical stocking rate for chickens is _______
1:12
Pregnancy testing of does by palpation can be done as early as ______ days after fertilization.
10
What hormone causes the pelvic region to relax prior to birth?
relaxin
The ligament that pulls the testes into the scrotum is the __________
gubernaculum
Sperm mature in the _________
epididymis
Before the breeding season ewes should be ________
flushed
A mature ram can handle ______ ewes.
1:35-60
GnRH controls the release of ______ & _______ from the anterior pituitary gland.
FSH & LH
In the male FSH stimulates __________
Spermatogenesis (sperm production)
In the first breeding season turkey hens can be expected to produce ________ eggs.
50-120
After insemination chicken sperm are viable for as long as _______
32 days
In the male LH stimulates the production of __________
testosterone
The _________ is also known as the bulbourethral gland.
Cowper's gland
The S cruve in the penis of the bull, ram and boar is the _________
sigmoid flexure
Roosters crow because of ________
testosterone
The endometrial cups produce the unique hormone _______
PMSG
_______ secretes albumen, or the white of the egg.
Magnum
______ is the shell gland in the hen.
uterus
_______ occurs in about 90% of all heifers & is caused by the breakage of uterine capillaries, which become more fragile w/ decreasing levels of circulating ________ during the middle of the animal's cycle.
Menestrus bleeding
estrogen
_______ is the outermost of the fetal membranes. The fetal part of the placenta develops from it.
chorion
_______ is the temperature of liquid nitrogen in degrees Celsius.
-196
_________ successfully artificially inseminated a bitch that gave birth to a litter of puppies in the 1780s.
Dr Spallanzani
_______ is the most common method of artifical insemination in horses and cattle today
rectal
Bovine somatotropin that is used commercially today is made by a process called __________
recumbinent DNA
________ is the trapping of solar energy and its conversion to chemical energy, which is used in the manufacturing of food molecules from carbon dioxide and water.
Photosynthesis
The classification of animals w/ stomachs divided into four compartments is _________.
Give examples
Ruminant

cows, sheep & goats
________ is the external opening of the lower end of the digestive system in poultry
cloaca
______ is the metabolic disorder caused by excessive accumulation of gases in the rumen.
Bloat
_______ is used as a last resort to treat bloat.
trocar
The greenish yellow pigment produced by the liver and used in emulsifying fats is _______
bile
_______ is the organic compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in which hydrogen & oxygen are in the same proportion as that found in water.
Carbohydrates
The blind pouch located at the point where the small and large intestines meet is the _______
cecum
________ is the gross energy of feed minus the energy remaining in the feces.
digestible energy
Partially digested feed that moves from the stomach to the small intestine is called ______
chyme
Animal tissues & bones from animal slaughterhouses & rendering plants that are cooked, dried, & ground & than used as an animal protein supplement are called _______
tankage
_______ is a classification of animals that eat plants as the main part of their diet.
Herbivores
_______is a classification of animals that eat meat as the main part of their diet.
Carnivores
_______ is a classification of animals that eat both meat and plants to balance out their dietary needs.
Omnivores
______ is the muscular stomach that crushes and grinds the feed and mixes it with digestive juices in birds.
Gizzard
_______ is also called a gullet.
Esophagus
The tubelike passage from the mouth to the stomach is the ________
Esophagus
Ash is also called _______
minerals
Ether extract determines the ______ content of a feed.
fat
________ is the presence and distribution of fat and lean in a cut of meat.
marbling
GE - (fecal energy + gaseous energy + urinary energy) =
Digestible Energy (DE)
GE - (fecal energy + gaseous energy + urninary energy + heat increment) =
Net Energy (NE)
_______ is the third compartment of the ruminant stomach.
omasum
_________ is the total of the digestible protein, digestible nitrogen free extract, digestible crude fiber and 2.25 times the digestible fat.
Total digestible nutrient
The last part of the large intestine in mammals (before the anus) is the ________
rectum
________ is also called honeycomb stomach.
Reticulum
________ is also called manypiles stomach.
Omasum
A _______ is also referred to as a paunch
Rumen
________ is the process of chewing the cud.
rumination
________ is the true stomach of a cow.
Abomasum
_______ is the passage of feed nutrients across the intestinal wall into the circulatory system.
Absorption
_______ is a feed category that is high in fiber and low in digestible energy.
Roughage
________ is a feed category that is high in digestible energy and low in fiber.
concentrate
_______ is regurgitated food or a large pill for dosing animals.
Bolus
A groove in the reticulum between the esophagus and omasum that directs milk in young nursing animals away from the rumen/reticulum is __________
Reticular groove
Milk sugar is called ________
lactose
Another word meaning simple sugar is _________
monosaccharides
A word meaning two-sugar molecule is __________
disaccharide
A word meaning many-sugar molecule is __________
polysaccharides
________ means to chew
masticate
The process whereby the animal picks up feed or food is _________
prehension
_________ is the metabolic disorder occurring at or near the time of giving birth caused by a sudden drop in blood calcium levels.
milk fever
The precentage of body weight eaten per day by beef cattle is ______ percent.
2
________ is caused by a deficiency of iron and copper.
Anemia
______ is a metabolic disorder by Ca or P deficiency in young growing animals.
Rickets
______ and _______ are the two main gases produced in the rumen.
Methane
Carbon Dioxide
The normal wavelike muscular contractions that propel ingesta through the digestive tract are _________
paristaltic action
_______ is a storage pouch off of but continuous with the esophagus in poutlry; it is used for storage of food materials hastily eaten by the bird.
Crop
______ is used by the chicken as a grinding material to help the gizzard break down large particles of feed into smaller ones.
Grit
Nutrients are absorbed in the simple stomached animal primarily in the _______
ileum
Monogastric cannot easily digest _________
fiber
Three common animal protein feeds are _______, _______, and ________
bloodmeal
tankage
dried skim milk
List common high energy feeds for various species of livestock: horses _______, cattle _______ and pigs ______
oats
barley
corn
______ is a mineral required by bacteria to synthesize vitamin B12
cobalt
A common condition known as grass tetany is caused by a lack of _________
Mg
A deficiency of _______ shows up as a paleness of the blood vessels under the eyelid.
iron
The disease rickets is associated with vitamin ____ deficiency.
D
Night blindness results form a vitamin ______ deficiency.
A
Hardware disease results when sharp objects puncture the walls of the _________
reticulum
Calcium gluconate is used to treat _______
milk fever
Too much salt in poultry rations can cause the undesirable management of ______ manure.
very wet
Some assistance is provided chickens in swallowing because of the unusual shape of their _______
mouth
The ventriculus, or _______, serves as the chicken's ________
gizzard
stomach
In poultry, the digestive system shares a common junction with the ________ and ________ system.
monogastric
functional cecum
_________ causes the white portion of chicken manure.
uric acid
A 900 pound horse eats about _____ pounds of dry matter (feed) per day.
18
The rabbit's digestive tract is much like that of a _______
horse
__________ is the main cause of soft pork.
unsaturated fats
_________ is the true stomach of a chicken.
Gizzard
The closest chickens can come to having teeth is the action simulated by the _______
tongue
_______ is completely indigestible by all animals.
lignin
What are the fat-soluble vitamins?
A, D, E, K
An average horse will consume ______ gallons of water per day.
12
_______ is blood sugar.
insulin
A polysaccharide that forms the bulk of plant cell walls is ______
cellulose
_______ is a term, often used by chemists, meaning fat.
lipids
Chemists, trying to prevent rancidity of fats, developed the __________ process.
hydrogenation
_______ is a fat deposit in the muscle tissue.
Marbling
The disease rickets is associated with vitamin ____ deficiency.
D
Night blindness results form a vitamin ______ deficiency.
A
Hardware disease results when sharp objects puncture the walls of the _________
reticulum
Calcium gluconate is used to treat _______
milk fever
Too much salt in poultry rations can cause the undesirable management of ______ manure.
very wet
Some assistance is provided chickens in swallowing because of the unusual shape of their _______
mouth
The ventriculus, or _______, serves as the chicken's ________
gizzard
stomach
In poultry, the digestive system shares a common junction with the ________ and ________ system.
monogastric
functional cecum
_________ causes the white portion of chicken manure.
uric acid
A 900 pound horse eats about _____ pounds of dry matter (feed) per day.
18
The rabbit's digestive tract is much like that of a _______
horse
__________ is the main cause of soft pork.
unsaturated fats
_________ is the true stomach of a chicken.
Gizzard
The closest chickens can come to having teeth is the action simulated by the _______
tongue
_______ is completely indigestible by all animals.
lignin