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25 Cards in this Set

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intense process of consistent integration whereby members of an ethno-cultural group are absorbed into an established larger community. Voluntary or forced. Emergence of native policies/indirect rule b/w 1880 and 1900 brought reversal of 19th cent. ideal of this
Melting Pot
European presence to be defined in terms of a responsibility or trust where the system of recognizing and ruling through indigenous authorities and maintaining **.
Customary Law
There were problems in establishing these
His "the dual mandate in British Tropical africa" was based on his experience as commissioner in Northern Nigeria. Contraditions and problems of indirect rule in northern nigeria.
Lord Frederick Lugard
formalized indirect rule
Established in 1787 as colony for freed slaves, consisting of loyalists,novascotians, jamaican maroons, and recaptives. the treatment of christian creoles here was esp harsh. the % of creoles in senior civil service postes dropped from 50% in 1892 to 10% in 1917. educated africans were seen as competitors for desirable positions in colonial administration
Sierra Leone
in west africa there was creation of this community. New language developed was Krio. This spread. They were among first European-trained African doctors, lawyers and bishops. Treated badly; irration and contradictory rhetoric used against them. Racist argumetns justified new policies of segregation
Creole Culture and Diaspora
Samuel Ajayi Crwother was first Anglican African bishop
Model for IR policies; highly centralized, well-established hierarchy, written legal traditions and judicial system. Contradictions and problesm of IR in NN; anti-slavery rhetoric of conquest put to test; gradualist approach adopted. British relationship with Fulani aristocracy: reversals and strains, missionaries and western education
Sokoto Caliphate
earliest documented art is here, a city-state seen as predecessor of Yoruba culture. Most urban of all groups, by 11th cent AD considered this their founding city. "navel of the wordl" where creation took place and tradition of kingship began.
Oduduwa and Obatala descended from heaven to create earth here and its inhabitants, Oduduwa became first ruler of here
Yoruba kings trace ancestry to him
inner head, spiritual and invisible perceivable only through imagination and embodies a person's spriritual and tru being.
Ori inu
this and the otehr are complementary spheres of being
outer head, physical entity perceived through the senses
Ori ode
thought to embody duality of ori inu/ori ode with the abstract sytle depicting an inner spiritual reality and naturalistic style depicting the outer physical reality
Terracotta heads
early Ife
primary symbol of kingship, supposed to be worn only by those kings who can trace their lineages back to Oduduwa. Court cases have been fought in which certain Yoruba kings' right to wear this have been disputed
Yoruba Beaded Crowns
beaded fringe veil
Four small heads connected in pairs and carved on boyd of central figure as though tucked in its belt. two more heads at top of stakes can be seen just beneath the arching feathers of the headdress. images refer to Ogboni sculpture and are called this. They are filled with ashe but non members are allowed to see them. Serve as public symbols of power and presence of Ogboni. Refer to male and female founders of community and express cooperation b/w mena nd women in society and need for balance of power b/w them
God of iron and war and primordial orisha. ferocious and vehement bringer of war, foudner and champion of civilizations, maker of paths, tiller of soils and builder of towns
controls thunder and is associated with the expansion of Oyo empire in western Yorubaland. Descendent of Oranmiyan and tyrannical fourth king of oyo. despot coerced into surrendering crown and committing suicide but followers believe he became god and merged wit hforeces of thudner and lightning. not realized, sacred king but can still be presented as remorseless despot
the most widespread masquerade, found throughout Yorubaland. Developed in response to ancestral celebrations among the Nupe. Associated w/veneration of ancestors who are believed to be capable of helping the community if they are honored. serve as link b/w the living and the dead.
the core of unreached people live here extending from West Africa to East Asia. least evangelized countries. poorest region of the world
10/40 window
main character and chief priest of Ulu. tragic hero
disagreed with Ezeulu
chief priest of god Idemili
one of Ezeulu's sons. Studied christianity. desecrated python
one of Ezeulu's four sons. dies when performing Ogbazulobodo
one of four sons of Ezeulu
District officer, stopped war, breaks all guns, impressed with Umuaro, gets sick
Captain Winterbottom
Assistant district officer
Tony Clarke