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16 Cards in this Set

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African National Congress
1912 South Africa, first truly effective political party in Africa.
Kwame Nkrumah
was the founder and first president of modern Ghana and emerged as one of the most influential Pan-Africanists of the 20th century.
Pan-Africanism
literally means 'all Africanism'. It is a sociopolitical world-view, as well as a movement, which seeks to unify and uplift both native Africans and those of the African diaspora, as part of a "global African community"
Stephen Bantu Biko
a noted nonviolent anti-apartheid activist in South Africa in the 1960s and early 1970s. Since his death in police custody, he has been called a martyr of the anti-apartheid movement.
United States of Africa
an idea for a united Africa, influenced the pan-African movement.
African nationalism
was not focused on ethnicity like European nationalism, it was mostly not anti-European, rather it focused on liberation.
Africans were...
against European ethnocentrism, racism, arrogance etc. however, Europe still served as a model for aspirations of independent states.
Africans wanted...
a technologically modernized society that would still be African.
loyalties to pre-colonial nations, was prominent in post-colonial states
often referred to as tribalism, wrongly so.
Blaise Diagne
1914, the first African representative to the National Assembly in Paris
True nationalism movement
emerged after WWII was not aimed at influencing policy-it wanted to capture colonial administration itself.
the most effective nationalist weapon
the western-style political party, organized on a colony wide basis by members of the western-educated elite with mass participation at the local level.
after WWII
the independence movement greatly sped up immediately after..
CPP
Convention People's Party, 1951 Kwame Nkrumah won election in Gold coast under new British constitution allowing independent rule within country.
Kwame Nkrumah
first president of Ghana!
Britain
Finally agreed in 1958 to grant independence to most of the eastern and central tropical Africa on that basis.