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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
identify the three basic principles of asepsis.
absence of microorganisms
completely achieved on inatimate objects
limiting spread of microorganisms
describe medical asepsis and how it is applied during medical procedures
medical asepsis is the practice of reducing the number of organisms present and reducing the risk for transmission. maintaining good personal hygiend, standard precautions, hand washing, and disinfecting contaminated material.
medical technicians are sresponsible for protecting the patient from harm. Name the primary way to prevent indroducing microoranisms to the patient and when should it be accomplished
hand washing. accomplished before and after patient contact
what is surgical asepsis
the practice designed to eliminate all mircroorganisms
what is the most common type of blade used when preparing the equipment
detachable blades
describe the funcion of a hemostat and rake retractors.
hemostat- used for clamping or occluding. rake tractors- used for exposing or retracting
what are the technicians duties when a tisue sample is taken and must be processed by pathology.
label specimen, log it into CHCS and transport the speciman to phathology
describe the primary purpose of having housekeeping duties.
to control the spread of infection
which step of the nursing process allows for reassessing goals and provides the opportunity to restart the entire cycle?
what is the most common method of calculating drug dosages?
using the basic calculations dosage of ordered dose divided by the supplied dose.
1. check to ensure all measurements are the same convert as necessary
2. write the problem in equation form using using the appropriate formula and complete calculations
3. check the accuracy of answers and have verified with another individual
list the four basic principles of medications administration
1-be knowledgable, 2-use judgement, 3-have skill in delivery, 4-patient education
what medication references are available to the technician if needed?
medication package insert,PDR,MTF approved med list
what are the basic 5 rights of medication administration and what is the sixth addidional right
right medication, amount, time, patient, and right dose. the right documentation.
what is the largest amount of the drug will aproduce a therapeutic effect without syptoms of toxicity?
maximum dose
define loading dose?
initial high dose used to elevate the level of the drug in the blood quickly
what are seven elements of proper medication documentation?
the medication, dosage, time, route, location, adverse signs or reactions, and the patients response.
what is the most common desired effect of drug action?
if a patient is to recieve digoxin to improve contractility of the heart , in what cagegory of desired drug actions would that be placed?
this term is applied when drugs are used to return the body to health, but not cure the disease.
what signs and symptoms must the technician warn the patient they may experience after taking an adrenergic medication
may include palpitations, nervousness or tremors, tachycardia, cardiac arrythmias or anginal pain.
explain the function of the sypathetic nervous system. which category of drugs is used to prevent its action in the body.
sypathetic nervous system is used to mobilize the body for quick response and action. adrenergic blockers
a paient you are caring for has CHF ans is taking orag digitalis. what category of medications is contraindicated for use with the patient.
adrenergic blockers
once cholinergic medicaions have been introduced into the body, what are the actions of this type drug?
increased GI peristalsis, contraction of the urinary bladder, increased secretions and skeletal muscle strength, lower intraocular pressure, constrict, pupils and slow heart rate.
list the three interactions with a brief decription of each that the technician needs to be aware of?
synergism-action of two drugs working together, for a more effective result potentiation- two drugs, on prolongs or multiplies the effect of another anagonism- opposing action of two drugs, on decreases or cancels the action of another
what are the signs of toxicity
hearing difficulties or dizziness
what is the term used for severe allergic reaction? What are the clinical manifestations to identify this type of reaction.
anaphylaxis. dyspnea, chest constriction along with hives or fever