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19 Cards in this Set

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Anerobic respiration can function without _____?
oxygen
without oxygen, organisms still carry out glycosis, but glycosis requires ____, which requires oxygen.
NAD+
Cells must find another way to turn _____ back into NAD+.
NADH
in the absesnce of oxygen, cells use ___________ to turn NADH into NAD+.
fermentation
T or F: Fermentation does not produce additional energy.
TRUE
________ are not needed in anaerobic respiration, so fermentation uses then to regenerate NAD+
pyruvates
By using pyruvates, glycosis continues, but energy is lost that was in the pyruvate ______.
sugars
What are the two principle forms of fermentation?
lactic acid fermentation
achoholic fermentation
No matter what kind of fermentation occurs, anaerobic respiration only produces ___ net ATP in glycosis.
two
In lactic acid fermentation, pyruvate convered into a ______-_______ compound called lactic acid.
three carbon
pyruvate+NADH -> lactic acid ______
NAD+
Where is lactic acid fermentation common?
fungi and bacteria
Lactic acid occurs in the muscles when ______ _______ causes temporary oxygen shortage.
strenuous exercise
Lactic acid is a _____ substance, which is why buildup makes up feel sore and tired.
toxic
pyruvate + NADH -> ethyl alchohol + NAD+ + ____
CO2
Alcoholic fermentation is the source of ethyl alcohol present in _____ and ________.
wines and liquors
When yest in bread dough runs out of oxygen, is goes through ________ fermentation.
alcoholic
Alcoholic fermentation in bread produces _______ ______, and this makes bubbles in the dough that cause it to rise.
carbon dioxide
Ethanol produced by alcoholic fermentation is ____. That is why after ethanol levels reach 12%, the yeast dies.
toxic