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28 Cards in this Set

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Aeneid
Author: Virgil. Date: 19 B.C. Roman epic, tells the story of the foundation of the roman empire by Aeneas, the Trojan who fled a burning Troy to sail west to Italy.
A Tale of 4 Peoples
Troy: Ilium, Dardania, Teucrian.
Greece: Argive, Danaan, Achaean, Myrmidonian.
Carthage: Tyrian, Sidonian, Phoenician, Libyan.
Rome/Italy: Lavinian, Latium, Ausonian. Romans claimed descent from Trojans.
Iliad Characters
Priam, Hector, Hecuba, Aeneas
Achates
A good friend of Aeneas
Aeneas
Hero, a brave Trojan who gathers up his defeated people and sails west to found an empire. Settles in a region in Italy where his descendants will establish ROme. He is consider the founder of the ROman empire.
Anchises
The aged, lame father of Aeneas. Anchises fathered Aeneas with the goddess Venus; Anchises is lame/injured as a result of the union with the goddess.
Anna
Sister of Dido
Ascanius
Iulus; the young son of Aeneas and Creusa
Creusa
First wife of Aeneas, died in the burning of Troy
Dido
Beautiful queen of Carthage. Fled from the region of Tyre after her brother Pygmalion killed her husband Sychaeus. Dido falls in love with Aeneas when he is shipwrecked there on his way to Italy.
Laocoon
Trojan, priest of Netune, counseled the Trojans not to accept the Trojan Horse into the walls of Troy. Pays a terrible price for his advice
Lavinia
Nativie Italian girl whom Aeneas is destined to marry but whom Turnus claims, with some justification.
Neoptolemus
Pyrrhus; Son of Achilles, has all his brutality without his potential for humanity
Pallas
Young boy entrusted to Aeneas for friendship and protection.
Sinon
Crafty Greek who is left as a "plant" to give Trojans false information about the Trojan Horse.
Turnus
Aeneas' great rival, a native Italian who does not want Aeneas and his Trojans to settle in Italy. Turnus and Aeneas battle over the hand of Lavinia--who had been betrothed to Turnus until Aeneas showed up.
Zeus
Roman name: Jupiter or Jove. Supreme God. Son of Cronus
Hera
Roman name: Juno. Marriage; queen of gods. Pro-Greek.
(Pallas) Athena
Roman name: Minerva. Wisdom. Pro-Greek.
Poseidon
Roman name: Neptune. Sea. Pro-Greek. Helped built the walls of troy but was stiffed for payment, so became anti-Trojan and pro-Greek.
(Phoebus) Apollo
Roman name: (Phoebus) Apollo. Sun; light; song; health. Pro-Trojan. Apollo and his sister Diana are deadly archers.
Aphrodite
Roman name: Venus. Love and sex. Pro-Trojan.
Ares
Roman name: Mars. War. Pro-Trojan.
Artemis
Roman name: Diana. Hunting. Pro-Trojan.
Hermes
Roman name: Mercury. Messenger; guide; psychopomp.
Hephaestus
Roman name: Vulcan. Fire; the lame smith of the gods; armorer. Married to Aphrodite.
Hades
Roman name: Pluto. God of the dead; king of the underworld.
Persephone
Roman name: Proserpina. Queen of the underworld.