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28 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
はじめまして
HAJIMEMASHITE
How do you do?
わたし
WATASHI
I (used informally by anyone)
ぼく
BOKU
I (used by males or tomboys)
WA
particle marking the topic of the sentence
です
DESU
am, is are
どうぞよろしく
DOOZO YOROSHIKU
Nice to meet you. [DOOZO means "please." YOROSHIKU means "Please do me a favor."]
わたくし
WATAKUSHI
I (used formally by anyone)
おはよう
OHAYOO
Good morning. (Informal)
おはようございます
OHAYOO GOZAIMASU
Good morning. (Formal)
こんいちわ
KONNICHI WA
Hello. Hi. (Mostly used in the afternoon)
さようなら
SAYOONARA
Good-bye
やまだせんせい
YAMADA-SENSEI
Mr./Mrs./Ms./Dr. Yamada

SENSEI is attached to names of teachers, doctors, and statesmen to show respect. SENSEI can also be used alone.
まりさん
MARI-SAN
A suffix attached to names.

Not one's own name or family member's name.
はい
HAI
Yes.

It also is often used in response to roll call.
こんばんわ
KONBAN WA
Good evening.

KONBAN means "tonight."
じゃあね
JAA NE
See you. (Informal bye)
くん
KUN
Suffix attached to boys names.

Often used by superiors to refer to or address persons of lower status.
はじめましょう
HAJIMEMASHOO
Let's begin.
きりつ
KIRITSU
Stand.

Used at ceremonies or in formal situations.
れい
REI
Bow.

Used at ceremonies or in formal situations.
ちゃくせき。
CHAKUSEKI.
Sit.

Used at ceremonies or in formal situations.
(お)やすみです。
(O) YASUMI DESU.
~ is absent.

The use of O adds politeness. O is not used when referring to your own absence.
ちこくです。
CHIKOKU DESU.
~ is tardy.

Refers to persons being late to class, meetings, etc.
はやく。
HAYAKU.
Hurry!
おわりましょう。
OWARIMASHOO.
Let's finish.
なに / なん
NANI / NAN
What?

The choice of NANI or NAN depends on the initial sound of the following word.
KA
?

Sentence-ending particle indicating a question.
すみません。おそくなりました。
SUMIMASEN. OSOKU NARIMASHITA.
I am sorry. I have become late.