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52 Cards in this Set

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Answer
a restatment of the subject in a fugue.
Appoggiatura
a melodic ornament
atonality
no specific key, mode, or tonality used
Bitonality
the combination of two keys at the same time
countersubject
in a fugue, a continuation of the subject, which is used repeatedly
development
the middle section of Sonata allegro form
Episode
sections of a fugue without the subject
Exposition
FUGUE: the first section in which all voices are introduced
SONATA: first section in sonata allegro form
Fugue
a style of composition in which three or more voices enter in imitation of one another
melodic inversion
the process of turning a melody upside down by intervals
polytonality
the combination of several different keys at one time
real answer
an exact transposition of the fugue's subject to the dominant
quartal harmony
harmonic system based on the interval of the 4th
recapitulation
the third section of Sonata Allegro Form
retrograde
the reversal of a melody, as if from reading it from left to right
retrograde inversion
reading from left to right and upside down
Rondo
a form in which one section is repeated several times, with contrasting sections between (ABACA)
Serialism
a composition technique in which all twelve notes from the chromatic scale are used to create a melody, or series, upon which the rest of the music is based
Sonata allegro form
common form for the first movement of a Classical sonata, containing three sections: Exposition, Development, Recapitualtion
Sonata Form
Term used for the basic structure of a full structure: First movement in Sonata allegro Form, second movement with a slow tempo, optional third movement in Minuet and trio form, and final movement often in Rondo form or in a fast tempo
silly fast sips allow farts and sad songs on mountain tops leaving rude objective foreigners
Stretto
In a fugue, a term indicating that the entrances of the subjects are close together, causing the subjects to overlap
Subject
the principle theme of a fugue
tertian harmony
harmonic system based on the interval of the third
theme and variation
a form in which a theme is presented, then repeated with changes to the melody, harmony, rhythm, form, texture, key, mode, meter, or tempo. Typically, these changes are made without completely hiding the origin theme.
Variation form
tonal answer
in a fugue, an answer in which the transposition is adjusted so that the music can move back to tonic
twelve tone row
a melody or series used in serial music in which all twelve notes of the chromatic scale are included
tone row, series, row
Allargando
broadenning, gradually slower
canon
a strict form of contrapuntal writing in which each voice exactly imitates the melody of the first voice
coda
an extended ending for a piece of music
giocoso
merrily, with humor
largo
very slowly
leggiero
lightly, delicately
lento
slowly
meno
less
opus
a term used to indicate the chronological order in which a composer's music was written
ostinato
a repeated pattern
pesante
heavily
presto
very fast
rallentando
gradually slower
ritenuto
immediately slower
smorzando
dying away
rubato
robbed time
scherzando
playfully, joking
sostenuto
sustained
sotto voce
in a low voice
subito
suddenly
syncopation
a momentary contradiction of the meter or pulse, often by changing the strong and weak beats
tenuto
stressed
toccata
written in free style with many scales and rapid passages
vivace
quick, lively
vivo
brisk, lively
diatonic half steps
two different letter names, harmonic or melodic minor notes