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17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What's a saturated lipid?
has no double bonds
What is the structure of a carboxyl?
O
||
C--OH
What is a polyunsatured lipid?
has 2 or more double bonds
What is a purine?
a double-ringed nitrogen base
What elements are found in lipids?
carbon and hydrogen
What's the structure of glycerol?
H
|
H--C--OH
|
H--C--OH
|
H--C--OH
|
H
What subunits make up proteins?
amino acids
What is the structure of the basic amino acid?
H H O
\ | ||
N-C--C--OH
/ |
H R
What is a pyrimidine?
single-ringed nitrogen base
What is the structure of an amino group?
H
\
N
/
H
What elements are found in carbohydrates?
carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen
What's the structure of a phosphate group?
OH
|
R-O-P-OH
||
O
What are nucleic acids composed of?
nucleotides (made up of sugar, phosphate group, and nitrogen base)
What is the structure of a fatty acid?
O H H H
|| | | |
HO-C---C-C-C-H
| | |
H H H
What is an unsaturated lipid?
one or more adjacent pairs of carbon atoms joined by a double bond
What is a catalyst?
process by which enzymes speed up chemical reactions
What are the four classes of macromolecules?
protein, lipid, nucleic acid, carbohydrate