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7 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
adv rxn
Abortion, miscarriage or uterine hemorrhage associated with misoprostol (Cytotec®), a labor-inducing drug (this is a case where the adverse effect has been used legally and illegally for performing abortions)
Addiction to many sedatives and analgesics such as diazepam, morphine, etc.
Bleeding of the intestine associated with aspirin therapy
Deafness and kidney failure associated with gentamicin (an antibiotic)
Death, following sedation in children using propofol (Diprivan®)
Dementia associated with heart bypass surgery
Depression or hepatic injury caused by interferon
Diabetes caused by atypical antipsychotic medications (neuroleptic psychiatric drugs)
Diarrhea caused by the use of orlistat (Xenical®)
Erectile dysfunction associated with many drugs, such as antidepressants
Fever associated with vaccination (in the past, imperfectly manufactured vaccines, such as BCG and poliomyelitis, have caused the very disease they intended to fight).
Glaucoma associated with corticosteroid-based eye drops
Hair loss and anemia may be caused by chemotherapy against cancer, leukemia, etc.
Headache following spinal anesthesia
Hypertension in ephedrine users, which prompted FDA to remove the status of dietary supplement of ephedra extracts
Insomnia caused by stimulants, Ritalin®, Adderall®, etc.
Lactic acidosis associated with the use of stavudine (Zerit®, for anti-HIV therapy) or metformin (for diabetes)
Melasma and thrombosis associated with oral contraceptive use
Rhabdomyolysis associated with statins (anti-cholesterol drugs)
Seizures caused by withdrawal from benzodiazepine
Sleepiness or increase in appetite due to antihistamine use
Stroke or heart attack associated with sildenafil (Viagra®) when used with nitroglycerine
Suicide, increased tendency associated to the use of fluoxetine and other SSRI antidepressants
Tardive dyskinesia associated with long-term use of metoclopramide and many antipsychotic medications
viral infectious dz
AIDS – AIDS Related Complex – Chickenpox (Varicella) – Common cold – Cytomegalovirus Infection – Colorado tick fever – Dengue fever – Ebola haemorrhagic fever – Epidemic parotitis – Hand, foot and mouth disease – Hepatitis – Herpes simplex – Herpes zoster – HPV – Influenza (Flu) – Lassa fever – Measles – Marburg haemorrhagic fever – Infectious mononucleosis – Mumps – Poliomyelitis – Progressive multifocal leukencephalopathy – Rabies – Rubella – SARS – Smallpox (Variola) – Viral encephalitis – Viral gastroenteritis – Viral meningitis – Viral pneumonia – West Nile disease – Yellow fever
bacterial infectious dz
Anthrax – Bacterial Meningitis – Brucellosis – Campylobacteriosis – Cat Scratch Disease – Cholera – Diphtheria – Epidemic Typhus – Gonorrhea – Impetigo– Legionellosis – Leprosy (Hansen's Disease) – Leptospirosis – Listeriosis – Lyme Disease – Melioidosis – MRSA infection – Nocardiosis – Pertussis (Whooping Cough) – Plague – Pneumococcal pneumonia – Psittacosis – Q fever – Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever (RMSF) – Salmonellosis – Scarlet Fever – Shigellosis – Syphilis – Tetanus – Trachoma – Tuberculosis – Tularemia – Typhoid Fever – Typhus; Urinary Tract Infections
parasitic infectious dz
African trypanosomiasis – Amebiasis – Ascariasis – Babesiosis – Chagas Disease – Clonorchiasis – Cryptosporidiosis – Cysticercosis – Diphyllobothriasis – Dracunculiasis – Echinococcosis – Enterobiasis – Fascioliasis – Fasciolopsiasis – Filariasis – Free-living amebic infection – Giardiasis – Gnathostomiasis – Hymenolepiasis – Isosporiasis – Kala-azar – Leishmaniasis – Malaria – Metagonimiasis – Myiasis – Onchocerciasis – Pediculosis – Pinworm Infection – Scabies – Schistosomiasis – Taeniasis – Toxocariasis – Toxoplasmosis – Trichinellosis – Trichinosis – Trichuriasis – Trypanosomiasis
fungal infectious dz
Aspergillosis – Blastomycosis – Candidiasis – Coccidioidomycosis – Cryptococcosis – Histoplasmosis – Tinea pedis
prion infectious dz
transmissible spongiform encephalopathy – Bovine spongiform encephalopathy – Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease – Kuru
short for proteinaceous infectious particle — (by analogy to virion); is a type of infectious agent, as it is made only of protein. Prions are abnormally-structured forms of a host protein, which are able to convert normal molecules of the protein into the abnormally structured form. Unlike other pathogens, prions are generally quite resistant to denaturation by protease, heat, radiation, and formalin treatments[2], although potency or infectivity can be reduced.