• Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/10

Click to flip

10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name 3 short acting glucocorticoids.
Hydrocortisone
Cortisone
Fludrocortisone (this is also considered a minercorticoid, probably more so)
Name 4 intermediate acting glucocorticoids.
Prednisone
Prednisolone
Methylprednisolone
Triamcinolone
Name 2 long acting glucocorticoids.
Betamethasone
Dexamethasone
Pregnant woman comes in, and is having a planned premature delivery tomorrow. What adrenocorticoid could you give her to help the baby develop lungs?
Betamethasone (preferred)
Dexamethasone
What adrenocorticoid is commonly used for diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome/disease?
Dexamethasone

(Given low dose at first, and high dose later if indicated to help diagnose the specific pathology underlying Cushing's syndrome)
A person comes in with "Respiratory distress syndrome," what glucocorticoids could you use?
(Long acting)
Betamethasone
Dexamethasone
If you need to give a patient steroids, but the patient has hepatic insufficiency, what would you use?
Prednisolone because it's the active form.

(Not prednisone, because it's the prodrug (inactive) and it needs to be converted to prednisolone in the liver, so in this case it wouldn't work because of the liver insufficiency)

The liver enzyme repsonsible is "11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, it converts cortisone and prednisone to their active forms.
Pt comes in with Status Asthmaticus. What combo of drugs would you give (classes), and then fill in with specific examples of those classes.
Beta 2 agonist + steroid
Albuterol/Salmeterol + Hydrocortisone
List as many Adverse Effects of glucocorticoids that you can.
NOTE: these mainly seen when given at pharmacological doses, not when used as replacement therapy.

1. HPA (hypothalamus-pituitary-axis) suppression.
2. Cushing syndrome.
3. Osteoporosis
4. Peptic Ulcer
5. Oral candidiasis (inhalational)
6. Psychosis and Depression
7. Hypertension
8. Diabetes Mellitus
Triamcinolone is used to treat what?
Can be inhaled for Tx of asthma.
Keloid + RA