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30 Cards in this Set

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best way to adapt- changing who we are- at home vs. school. code-switching
barometric self esteem
egocentric- why do i always have a pimple

sophistication- you are not really the same as others, not as smart
peer vs. the parent
very inportiant to be "in" in peer group
basline self esteem
always stable and good. stays same \.

if you have demanding parents you will have low baseline esteem. you will have low esteem at 5,10,15,20 years old. you will not like yourselfr.
psychological moratorium
take some time off and find an identity
development of ethnic identity
parents need to socilaize the kids in settings different so they can adjust

assimilation- easy for europeans

marginality- doing own thing in society

barometric self esteem
the aspect of our feelings about our selves that shirts and fluctuates rapidly from moment to moment. entered a room full of people and were feeling confident but suddenly felt nervcous and insecure- only to engage in a plesant interaction with someone an hour later and feedling conficent again
gender role development

gender intensification hypothesis
girls read teen mag. and get who their self image should be from

males start to weight lift
gender role development

girls allow to plaw competitive sports, math, schence, wear jeans and t's.

males cannot go from way out there to middle. cannot wear dresses, lipstick
false-self behavior
adolescents are most likely to behave inauthentically in romantic and dating situations and with classmates, and they re least likely to put on a false front with close friends.

acting in a way that one knows is inauthentic- occurs less often with parents than with dates, but more often with parents than with close friends

trying to impress another person, or hide an aspect of his or her personality that others do not like.
5 critical personality dimensions




openess to experiment
how outgoing and energetic a person is
how kind or sympathetic someone is
how responsible and organized someone is
how anxious or tense someone is
openess to experience
how curious and imaginative someone is
baeline self esteem
less transitory and less likely to fluctuate from moment to moment. self image is realively stable over time and is unlikely to be easily shifted by immediate experiences. can have moments of insecureness, but overall you'll get over it quick
baseline vs. barometric
although individuas baseline self esteem does not change markedly over adolexcence, early adolescence is a time of increased volatility in the barometric self image.
African American students that were bussed to schools. Didn’t like because away from friends, but more likely to graduate to high school because more exposed to.. the white that were bussed to ethnic schools didn’t feel good about self cause not with friends.
gender identification
very improtiant if you are a girl to act very femine when you are young. To intensify your gender roles when you are young. Males that are very masculine is going to have a higher self esteem.
identity achievement
usually have authorative parents
identity diffusion
occurs when parents have completly different views how to raise you. ex. her mom is an old hippie and they somoke pot,
her dad would kill them if he knew they smoked pot

can happen when you move here from another country
identity forclosure
authoritarian- some young peopel bypass either willingly or unwillingly, the period of exploration and experimentation that precedes the establishemnt of a health sense of identity.

a college freshman that has made up their mind about becoming a doctor at 13 may enroll in a rigid premed class without consideing other career options

usually found in roles set by young parents
negative identity
adolescents appear to select identities that are obviously undesirable to their parents and their community.

feel negative about self and feel negative in society.

is a sign that problems in identity development have arisen. the adolescent who adopts a negative identity, to be sure, is recognized by those around him or her, but not in the way that fosters healthy development.
sence of identity
development of a sense of purpose, or the clairification of your long term plans and values or the growing feelings of knowing who you really are and where you are headed. identity development in adolescents.

psychological development
erickson's theoretical framework
each chrisis builds on the previous ones. specifically, the successful resolutiojn of each cahllange depends on the health resolution of the cahllenges that have preceded it.
identity vs identity diffusion
before adolescence the childs identithy is like patches of fabric that have not yet been swen together, by the end of ado these patches will be woven into a patchwork quilt that is unique to the individual.

from among all oossible and imaginable relations, must make a series of ever narrowing selections of personal.

key to resolving the crisis of identity versus identity diffusion, lies in teh adol
s interactions with others

forging an identity is a social as well as mental process.
social context
the adolescent attempts to establish a sense of identity exerts a tremendous immpact on the nature and outcome of the process. the adolescents identities are forged out or fecognition on the part of society,

will vary in different cultures, among different subcultures within the same society, and over different historical eras
identity diffusion (confusion)
incoherent, disjointed, incomplete sense of self. identity diffusion can vary in degree from a mild state of not quite knowing who you are while in the midst of an identity crisis to be a more severe
individuals who are highly masculine and highly feminine are said to be highly androgyny.