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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Internalizing Problems
problems that primarily affect a persons internal world. Depression, anxiety, & eating disorders
Externalizing Problems
problems that create difficulties in a persons external world. Delinquency fighting, substance use, risky driving, & unprotected sex
young people who have internalizing problems
young people with externalizing problems
Problem Behavior syndrome
the pattern of correlations between various types of problem behavior
Problem Behavior Theory
Richard Jesor's theory. the basis for young people's problems behavior including background fators such as family income, personality factors such as parental constols & friends involvement in problem theory
Binge Drinking
consuming five or more alcholoic drinks in a row-at least once in the past two weeks
Unstructured Socializing
including behavior such as riding around in a car for fun, going to parties, going shopping, and going out with friends
Gateway Drugs
beer, wine, cigarettes, & marijuana
Experimental Substance Use
try a substance once or perhaps a few times out of curiosity & then do not use it agian
Social Substance use
Invloves the use of substances during social activities with one or more friends
Medicinal Substance Use
is undetaken to relieve an unpleasent emotional state such as sadness, anxiety, stress, or loneliness
Self Medication
the use of substances for relieving unpleasent states such as sadness or stress
Addictive Substance Use
takes place when a person has come to depend on regular use of substances to feel good physically or psychologically
Withdrawal Symptoms
such as high anxiety & tremors when they stop taking the substance they are addicted to
Parental Monitoring
the extent to which parents know were their adolescents are & what they are doing at any given time
when vilations of the law are commited by juvenials
Status Offenses
offences that are defined as violations of the law
Index Crimes
crimes divided into two categories: violent crimes, and property crimes
Violent Crimes
rape assult & murder
Property Crimes
robbery, vehicle theft, and arson
Nonindex Crimes
less serious offensessuch as illegal gambling & disorderaly conduct
Life-Course Persistent Delinquents
in Moffitt's theory, adolescents who saw a history of related problems prior to & following adolescence
Peer Cotagion
a delinquent clique
a kind of within school belief system
Protective Factor
characteristics of young people that are related to lower likelihood of participation in risks behavior
Low Impulse Control
difficulty in excising self-constol, is another characteristic related to risk behaviors in adolescence such as substance use & delinquency
an enduring period of sadness
Depression Mood
an enduring period of sadness by itself, without related symptoms
Major Depressive Disorder:
Diathesis Stress Model
mental disorders such as depression often begin with a preexisting vulnerability
Placebo Design
all of the depressed adolescents take pills but only the taken by adolescents in the treatment group contain the drug
Cognitive Behavior Therapy
an approachto treating psychological disorders that focuses on changing negative ways of thinking & practicing new ways of interacting with others
Negative Attributions
negative ways of explainingwhat happens in one's life
Anorexia Nervosa
intentional self starvation
binge eating combined with purging
girls stop menstruating returning them to prepubertal state