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16 Cards in this Set

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psychosocial development
emphasizes the role of the ego and, specifically, the role of society in determining what the ego must do to fulfill its function of adapting to the demands of reality.
Critical period
time in life when particular developments must occur if development is to proceed normally.
Oral sensory stage
sense of basic trust versus mistrust toward one’s world.
Anal musculature stage
autonomy versus a sense of shame and doubt
Genital locomotor stage
initiative versus guilt.
Latency
industry versus inferiority.
Puberty and adolescence
identity versus role confusion.
Young adulthood
intimacy versus isolation.
Adulthood
generativity versus stagnation.
Maturity
ego integrity versus despair.
Comorbidity
Simultaneous occurrence of two or more problem or risk behaviors or symptoms (ex. Violence and substance abuse often occur together)
Externalizing problems
Problems directed to other people or, more generally, to the social context, for example, aggression, arson, disruptive or conflictual behavior in the school or in the home.
Internalizing problems
Problems directed inward to the individual and that affect his or her mental, cognitive, or emotional functioning, such as depression or anxiety.
Depression
Emotional problem characterized by listlessness, lethargy, a blunting of affect, and disengagement from social activity.
Anxiety
Unpleasant feeling state associated with such reactions as dread, fear, general uneasiness, or panic.
“Rotten outcomes”
Problems of youth development associated with poverty.