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26 Cards in this Set

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Pubertal maturation
Process through which the primary sexual characteristics develop into adult form and the secondary sexual characteristics associated with puberty emerge and develop.
Puberty
period during which the primary sexual characteristics develop into adult form and the secondary sexual characteristics are emerging and developing and the capability to reproduce is attained.
Prepubescent phase
Stage in pubertal maturation during which some of the bodily changes associated with adolescence (changes in height, weight, fat and muscle distribution, glandular secretions, or sexual characteristics) have begun.
Pubescent phase
Stage in pubertal maturation during which most of the bodily changes associatd with adolescence have been initiated.
Postpubescent phase
Stage in pubertal maturation during which the bodily changes asociated with adolescence are completed.
Endocrine glands
Ductless glands, such as the pituitary gland, that secrete their content into the bloodstream.
Hormones
Chemicals relese into the bloodstream that have specific regulatory effects on the activity of certain organs.
Exocrine glands
Glands with an opening (duct), such as salivary and mammary glands, that secrete their content directly into the environment.
Steroids
Sex hormones (androgens in male and estrogen in females) tha control development of physical and physiological changes associated with pubertal maturation.
Estrogens
Female sex hormones associated with the development of secondary sexual characteristics in girls.
Androgens
Male sex hormones associated with the development of secondary sexual characteristics in boys.
Primary sexual characteristics
Physical attributes present at birth that involve internal and external genitalia.
Secondary sexual characteristics
Physical attributes that develop during puberty. ex. breasts in girls, and facial hair in males
Early maturers
Adolescents who attain the physical maturation characteristics of puberty earlier than the rest of their same-age peers.
Late maturers
Adolescents who attain the physical maturation characteristics of puberty later than most of their same age peers.
Menarche
Beginning of the first menstrual cycle.
Secular trend
Variation of adolescent bodily chages across history.
Resiliency
Presence of considerable physical and physiological ability to overcome adversities.
Delayed puberty
Being behind schedule, for a given age group, in reaching puberty.
Precocious puberty
Early or premature puberty
Amenorrhea
Failure to menstruate
Obesity
Condition characterized by an excessive accumulation of fat in the body.
Anorexia nervosa
Eating disorder characterized by low body weight due to a person's misperception of his or her body image and by the mistaken belief that he or she is overweight.
Bulimia
Eating disorder characterized by self-induced binge eating and purging behavior.
dysmenorrhea
difficult or painful menstruation.
On-time maturers
Adolescents who attain the physical maturation characteristics of puberty at the same time as most of theiry same age peers.