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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
body changes begin between what ages
8 and 14
formal operational thought
4th stage of cognition; arises from combination of maturity and experience; at about 12 y.o.
hypothetico-deductive reasoning
ability to consider many alternative possibilities to a problem
adolescent egocentrism
focus on themselves to the exclusion of others
invincibility fable
nothing will happen to them-they won't get injured, die, etc.
personal fable
example of egocentrism; they perceive their lives as unique, heroic, and even destined for fame and fortune
imaginary audience
belief that they are constantly being scrutinized by others
3 levels of morality by Kohlberg
1. preconventional level
2. conventional level
3. postconventional level
preconventional level
getting rewards and avoiding punishment
conventional level
emphasizes social rules; social approval is more important
postconventional level
follows moral principles
false self/identity crisis
they act out a false self intending to gain approval or acceptance
identity achievement
those who know they are unique and includes a self-definition including sexual, moral, political
accepting parental values and goals without considering alternative roles
identity diffusion
uncertainty and confusion regarding what path to take toward identity
explore alternatives without making final choices