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110 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Kendel 2000
Maladaptive across situations
probs externalizing and internalizing
1 Inattention
3 Impulsivity
Criteria (4)
less 7 yrs
impared w less 2 setting
social, academic, occupational & social imparement
Subcategories 2
Attention only
scholte 2001
factor analysis
pearson's r
412 kids
18 symptoms by carers
Kerns 2001 4
ADHD matched sample
Gershon 2
key symptoms
Rucklidge & Tannock
Girls more intellect probs & lang probs
Rucklidge & Tannock 2
Boys less speech probs
Girls impared attributions
Gender paradox
More boys
Girls more interpersonal probs & social
Gershon, Rucklidge & Tannock
Internalizing probs ADHD
Evolution 2
natural altruism
natural selection
Gilger 2
80% concord MZ
30% DZ
Deutsch 87 4
Retrospective adopt
adoptee= adhd
bio high adhd
bio high mood dis
Castellanos 2002
medicated vs non
grey & white matter
decrease volume
no ^ w age
early genetic
Cf twins register
MZ 100% concord
dop recept DRD4
Antenatal to nicotine
animal study
nicotine = dop increase
Increase nicot = increase hyper
nicotine predictor
Millberger 97
20-25% kids ADHD smoked
10% didnt
Thapar 2003
1452 Great match twin reg
mothers smoke in preg
american journal psych
0-20 cigs
Teacher report
3/4 variance to smoking
common environment
10% variance to smoking
if remove smoking ^ outcome of risk factors
Barkley 98
adhd ! attention than Learning diss kids
Leung & conolly 96
Distraction doesnt fx adhd
Lorch 2000
Tv and toys distract
Douglas 83
Novel or salient
Taylor 95
No selective deficit?
Van de Meer & Seargent
Irrelevant stim increases performance
Taylor 95
Sustained attention
ADHD more errors
slower than TD
Swaab- Barneveld 2000
attention deficit in other dis
Taylor 95
Not sustained worse over time
Slusarek 2001
Other than inattention is reason
Dane, Schachari & Tannock 2001
ADHD more acive in afternoon than TD
Porrino 83
ADHD boys more active in maths and reading
than recess or PE
More structured = worse
Schater & logan 90
Stop signal task
press to stimulate than to inhibit
ADHD bad
Whalen 89
Matching famil figures test
ADHD not always match
Barkley 98
Slightly lower IQ than sib
Sonuga Barke 94
Impared IQ 3 yrs
Schacter 1991
• many normal IQ
Faraone 96
• Lots of learning dis kids
Willcut 2001
•Non-ADHD vs Reading dis
•worst in retrieve and memorising wrds
Willcut 2001
•Non-ADHD vs Reading dis
•worst in retrieve and memorising wrds
Tannock 2000 (repeated Willcutt 2001)
• 7-11yrs
• Inattention predicts later reading probs
Barkley 92,98
• special classes
•bad grades
•50% need tutoring
Pennington & Ozonoff 96
Whalen & Henker 98
High social impact
Cadesky, Mota & schachter 2000
• Independently process social cues
Menlick & Henshaw 96
• Goals at expense of social rules
Flicek 92
Other kids view ADHD kids as neg
Lahey 98
Teachers assoc ADHD as low co-op and disruptive
Barkley 98
• parents directive & intrusive
• Parenting stress
•Alchol use
•High marital conflict and divorce
Szatmari 89
7% poison, 23% bone AD
3% poison, 15% TD
• older= driving offenses & accidents
Hinshaw 98
•Deficient in self care
•Must be watched
Slusarek 2001
•Motivation deficit
•poor underrewards
Barkley 90
more salient rewards
Tripp & alsop 2001
immediate reward better than delayed
Songua & Berke
due to avoid delay not move towards immediate
Barkley 5
Working mem
Aman, Roberts & Pennington
Boys felt bad when did badly; not a general motivation prob
Denney & Rapport 2001
•Impared working mem
•representations disorganised
Denney & Rapport 2001
•Impared working mem
•representations disorganised
•redirected into less slowly processed tasks
Douglas 88
•high order processing
•deficit w inhib
•deficit w arrousal
•deficit w understand beh cons
Quay 97
• Gray's neuro model of brain function
2 Brain systems

1. Behavioral inhibition
-novel situations
-punishment and reward

2. Behavioral activation
Quay 97
Is underactive adhd
Barkley 98
•Exec function
•self reg
•hyper and impulse
•frontal brain damage
Geller 2002
OCD 30% comorb
Costin 2002
rates higher in clinic than community
Whalen & Hecker 98
Oppositional defiant disorder
35-70% ADHD=develops ODD
30-50% ADHD=CD
Nader 2001
ODD/ADHD one disorder?
•Different symptom clusters
• Waschbusch 2002
Distinct other features
Combination of three distinct features;
High range conduct dis, worse ADHD
Gadow & Nolan 2002
Holds for pre-schoolers
Strong fx on peer relations
and social functioning
Wasbuch 2002
Poor parenting
Poor social class
Jensen 1997
Should adhd and 3 subcategories be together?
Wasbuch 2002
but they are morelikely a combination of fx not a more complex fx.
Barkley 2002
101 teenagers
39 community controls
ADHD< attention
diff work mem
Behavioral inhib
Social learning
Tantam 91
Anxiety Depression Schizo
Kiln 94
Au spectrum
Schopler 88
Szatsmari 89
AS/HFA = continum
Burgoine & wing
Triplets No speech delay
IQ controlled AS best apple, banana, truck , grouping AS WCST HFA- motor coordiation
Ozonoff 91
ICD-10 Diff VIQ Emotion perception Central exec Verbal mem TOM AS increased
Kiln 95
ICD 10 Age and IQ matched AS VIQ>PIQ HFA-VIQ=PIQ Motorskills Visual-motor Non-verbal Vis-memory
Method probs Criteria IQ and MA Methodology
Prior 98
HFA/AS/PDD WISC, TOM, ADS checklist Verbal task OOO No language TOM BC Evidence for continuum
B+C close to norm, group overlap AS & HF similarities Few friendships Low speech Dinosaur
Satmari 92
Diagnoses shouldn’t be everything
Good TOM Socially abnormal Scripts Timing
Gilchrist 2001
AS/HFA/CD WISC/ADI/ADOS – good validity Retrospecive report No difficulties Speech Imitative play Motor control Verbal language
Mayes & Calhoun 2002
HFA same development of asp later
Prior 98
No differences between A and AS
Mayes 2001
Use same AS no language probs Speech later develops
Baron Cohen
Less impared AS/A
Gilberg Coleman 93
25% A=HFA
Kugler 98
Aeitiogenesis and pathogenesis Understand wait longer
Rapin 99
Rubella Thalidomide Herpes Tuberous sclerosis Fragile x Angleman Cornelia de ange syndrome Delong Brian damage Neurotransm
Wing 83
MZ% concord
Bailey, Le couter and Gottesman 95
Multiple genes
Gilberg 98
A= 44 chromo linked
Rutter 98
Partial tetrasomy chromo 15
Gilberg and coleman 92
Male personality
Szatmari 98
X linked seratonin tranporter Env and brain inj
Sib 3-8% diagnosed autism
Hallmayer 96
X chromo ¾ genes for autism
Rodier 2000
Relatives – “50-50 phenotype”
Folstein 99
DS vs Au – Au relative problem
Fombonne 97
low verbal IQ
Delong 99
High no of BGTC circuitry disorders
Cohen and hammer 97
Parents of asp have high visual perception
Volmar kin & pauls 2000
Genetic high aspergers