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28 Cards in this Set

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MR
Significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning exisiting concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period that adversely affects a child's educational performance
MR Adaptive Behavior
Conceptual
-reading, writing
-language, number concepts
Social
-Relationships, follow rules, responsibilities
Practical
-Occupational skills
Down Syndrome
Autosomal chromosomal condition that results in short stature, distinct facial features, and physical and cognitive differences that separate it from other manifestations of MR
Trisomy 21
21st chromosome splits into three (not two)
Each cell contains abnormality
Atlantoaxial Instability
Orthopedic problem in Down Syndrome
Instability of the joint and the vertebrae can slip out of alignment easily, causing dislocation and possible spinal cord damage
-Prohibited from participating in Special Olympics or certain sports if condition is present
IQ, MA, CA
IQ=Intelligence Quocient
MA=Mental Age
-70 to 36=Mild MR
-Below 35=Severe MR
CA=Chronological Age
-Actual Age
Seriously Emotionally Disturbed (Federal Law Definition)
Condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristices over a long periord of time and to a marked degree, which adversely affects educational performance:
-Inability to learn which cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors
-Inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers
-Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances
-General pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression
-Tendencey to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems
Autism
Severe, lifelong developmental disability that is diagnosed by impaired functioning, with onset before age 3 years, in social interaction, language as used in social communication, imaginative or social imitative play, and repetitive, stereotyped patters of behavior.
Learning Disabilities
Disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, which disorder may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, write, spell, or do mathematical calculations.
Dyslexia
Severe reading disorder presumed to be of neurological origin
Aphasia
All kinds of language and communication disorders caused by brain injury, not just speaking problems
Deaf Sport
Social institution within which deaf people exercise thier right to self-determination, competition and socialization surrounding Deaf sport activities. Focuses on honor of being deaf, not adversity
Deaf
A hearing impairment that is so severe that the child is impaired in processing linguistic information through hearing, with or without amplification, and this adversely affects a child's edducational performance.
Hard of Hearing
Ability to hear with the ears, with or without amplification, even though hearing is hard.
Legal Blindness
Ability to see at 20ft. what the normal eye sees at 200ft (1/10 or less of normal vision) 20/200
Obesity
20% above ideal weight
Overweight
10-20% above ideal weight for sex and age.
Cholesterol
LDL-C
HDL-C
High Cholesterol: genetic factors causing liver to produce excessive amounts, eating too many animal fats, combination.
Intake should be less than 300mg.
Tonic-Clonic Seizures
Tonic-constant, referring to the continuous contraction of muscles
Clonic-Intermittent contraction and relaxation of muscles.
Aura
Warning or premonition of seizure that is always the same for a particular person.
Diabetes Mellitus
Type I-Insulin dependent due to little or no insulin production
Type II-Non insulin dependent, make insulin but not fuctional
Hypoglycemia
Frequent bouts of low blood sugar, in which body cells feel starved for energy, causing a person to crave sweets and to feel tired, shaky, nervous, unstady, or confused.
Arteriosclerosis
degenerative process that leads to heart attacks, strokes, circulatory problems. Accumulation of fatty substances resembling gruel (porridge) inside the arteries. Hardening of arteries.
Hypertension
High blood pressure
140/90
Systolic/Diastolic Pressures
Systole-Contraction
Diastole-Relaxation
Asthma
Chronic lung disease characterized by airway obstruction, airway inflammation, and airway hyperractivity
Cystic Fibrosis
Genetic disorder of the secretion ability of membranes that line body organs, tubes, and passages. Mucus is thick and sticky
Myocardial Infarction
Heart attack due to death of cells in heart. Oxygen demand of heart muscle cells is greater than coronary arteries can supply