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12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
(1) Four Bigs
(2) Sore throat
(3) UTI painful urinary dribbling
(4) Blood in stools
(5) Amenorrhea
(6) Skin lesions
B.235 C.269 Dr.42
dà huáng 大黃

(1) Drains heat & purges accumulations [Four Bigs*, big high fever, big profuse sweat, big thirst, big pulse, constipation, abdom distention & pain, yellow tongue coat]
(2) Drains fire [Sore throat*, intense fever, sores on mouth tongue throat, hot swollen painful eyes]
(3) Clears heat, transforms dampness, & promotes urination [UTI painful urinary dribbling*, edema, jaundice, acute hot dysenteric dz]
(4) Drains heat from blood [Blood in stools*, hemorrhoids, vomiting blood, nosebleeds; Removes excess Damp-Heat fire toxins accum in intestines; Stops bleeding w/out causing blood stasis]
(5) Invigorates blood & dispels blood stasis [Amenorrhea*, dysmenorrhea, abdominal masses, intestinal abscess blood stasis, traumatic injury ]
(6) Clears heat & reduces fire toxicity [Skin lesions* d/t heat, burns; Internally or topically]
(N) Lowers blood pressure; problematic constipation

CTX during pregnancy & while breast feeding (purgative)

dà(big) huáng(yellow)
Rhei Radix et Rhizoma
rhubarb root and rhizome
bitter, cold
(1) Constipation
B.241 C.276 Dr.42
fān xiè yè 番瀉葉

(1) Drains downward & guides out stagnation [Constipation* d/t heat accum in intestines; Acute or chronic problems ]
(N) Originally from mid-east/persia

CTX during pregnancy & while breast feeding (purgative); Caution during period; large amounts can cause colic pain, nausea, vomiting, inflammation of intestinal mucosa

fān(foreign) xiè(diarrhea) yè(leaf) ["purgative leaf of foreigners"]
Sennae Folium
senna leaf
bitter, sweet, cold
(1) Constipation
(2) Epigastric discomfort
(3) Roundworms
B.243 C.278
lú huì 蘆薈

(1) Drains fire & guides out accumulation [Constipation*, dizziness, red eyes, esp w/ HT LV fire with irritability, reslessness, & insomnia; mild]
(2) Clears heat & cools LV [Epigastric discomfort*, dizziness, HA, tinnitus, irritability, constipation, fever d/t heat in LV]
(3) Kills parasites & strengthens ST [Roundworms* in children, childhood nutritional impairment, tinea]
(N) Purgative, mild laxative, good cleansing medicinal for ST

CTX during pregnancy & while breast feeding

lú(reed) huì(flourish)
aloe leaf sap
bitter, cold
DoDr-Purg, Not in Clinic
(1) Constipation
(2) Bronchitis
(3) Red swollen painful eyes
B.240 C.274 Dr.41
máng xiāo 芒硝

(1) Purgative, purges accumulation & guides out stagnation [Constipation* d/t excess heat in ST & Intestines]
(2) Clears heat & drains fire [Bronchitis*, pneumonia, mouth sores, vomiting; Excess type heat in LU or ST, accum of phlegm, clumping in the Intestines ]
(3) Clears heat & reduces swelling [Red swollen painful eyes*, breast abscess early stages, ulcerated mouth or throat, red swollen skin lesions, lactation difficulties]
(N) Brings fluids into intestines; opens & clears stagnation

CTX during pregnancy & while breast feeding; Special: add to prepared decoction

máng(sodium sulfate) xiāo(saltpeter)
Natrii Sulfas Na2SO4•10 H2O
Sodium Sulfate
bitter, spicy, salty, very cold
(1) Constipation in elderly
(2) Constipation d/t yin defic
(3) Dry sores
B.245 C.282 Dr.43
huǒ má rén 火麻仁
(dà má rén)
(1) Nourishes & moistens intestines [Constipation in elderly*, or d/t aftermath of febrile dz, or postpartum, or blood defic; Best herb for lubricating intestines ]
(2) Nourishes yin [Constipation d/t yin defic]
(3) Clears heat & promotes healing of sores [Dry sores*, ulcerations; Also very good for skin ]
(N) Very high in omega-3 oils

No noted CTX

huǒ(fire) má(hemp, cannabis) rén(seed)
Cannabis Semen
cannabis/hemp seeds
sweet, neutral
(1) Constipation d/t qi stagnation
(2) Edema
B.247 C.284 Dr.R
yù lǐ rén 郁李仁

(1) Moistens intestines & unblocks bowels [Constipation d/t qi stagnation ]
(2) Promotes urination & reduces edema [Edema*, leg qi, constipation]

Caution during pregnancy

yù(constrained, dense) lǐ(plum) rén(seed)
Pruni Semen
bush cherry pit
spicy, bitter, sweet, neutral
DoDr-Lax, Clinic-Refrig
(1) Abdominal distention/fullness/pain
(2) Ascites
(3) Phlegm in throat causing difficult breathing
(4) External abscesses & ulcers
B.258 C.280 Dr.170
bā dòu 巴豆

(1) Warmly unblocks & vigorously purges [Abdominal distention/fullness/pain*, constipation, d/t severe cold accumulation]
(2) Drives out water & reduces edema [Ascites ]
(3) Breaks up clogged phlegm & improves condition of throat [Phlegm in throat causing difficult breathing*, wheezing, severe fullness/ distension in chest/diaphragm, phlegm veiling sensory orifices]
(4) Promotes healing of abscesses & ulcers [External abscesses & ulcers*, severe ulcers; Apply topically]

CTX: Very toxic, pregnancy, weak patients

bā(clinging) dòu(bean)
Crotonis Fructus
croton seed
spicy, hot, toxic
DoDr-HarExp, Clinic-NoCateg
(1) Ascites
(2) Seizures from wind-phlegm
(3) Topically: Swollen painful nodular skin lesions
B.251 C.285
gān suì 甘遂

(1) Drains water downward & drives out thin mucus [Ascites*, severe fluid accumulation in chest or abdomen; Violent cathartic herb]
(2) Drives out phlegm [Seizures from wind-phlegm*, mania-withdrawel d/t phlegm congealing & clumping]
(3) Clears heat & reduces swelling [Topically: Swollen painful nodular skin lesions* d/t Damp-Heat]

CTX: Toxic, use only for ascites etc, & for limited time

gān(sweet) suì(process)
Kansui Radix
Kan-Sui root
bitter, sweet, cold, toxic
DoDr-HarExp, Not in Clinic
(1) Labored breathing
(2) Topical: Red swollen painful toxic sores
B.255 C.288
jīng dà jǐ 京大戟
(Is NOT dà jì)
(1) Drains water downward & drives out thin mucus [Labored breathing*, expectoration of thick sputum, dull pain in lateral aspect of chest, thick greasy tongue coat, d/t moderate accumulation of fluids in chest/flanks]
(2) Reduces swelling & dissipates nodules [Topical: Red swollen painful toxic sores*, scrofula ]

CTX during pregnancy & for debilitated; Gan Cao

jīng(capital) dà(big) jǐ(lance)
Euphorbiae pekinensis Radix
euphorbia root
bitter, spicy, cold, toxic
DoDr-HarExp, Not in Clinic
(1) Ascites
(2) Cough & wheezing
(3) Constipation
(4) Worms
B.249 C.290 Dr.43
qiān niú zǐ 牽牛子

(1) Drains water & promotes urination [Ascites*, edema, d/t stagn of pathogenic water or damp; Expels water via both urine & stool]
(2) Drives out phlegm & thin mucus [Cough & wheezing*, fullness in chest & abdom d/t thin mucus obstructing LU]
(3) Unblocks bowels & removes accumulation [Constipation* d/t damp-heat or food stagnation ]
(4) Expels intestinal parasites & reduces stagnation [Worms*: Round worm, tapeworm, food stagnation ]
(N) Harsh expellant/cathartic, but is mild in this group

CTX pregnancy; Caution: Weak patients

qiān(lead along) niú(cow) zǐ(seeds) ["cowherd seeds"]
Pharbitidis Semen
morning glory seeds
bitter, spicy, cold, sl toxic
(1) Edema
(2) Heat sores
B.261 C.293
shāng lù 商陸

(1) Drives out water through urethra & anus [Edema* d/t severe excess-type constipation & urinary difficulty ]
(2) Reduces sores & carbuncles [Heat sores*, fresh herb used topically ]

Great caution: Highly toxic, pregnancy

shāng(commerce) lù(continent)
Phytolaccae Radix
Poke weed
bitter, cold, toxic
DoDr-HarExp, Not in Clinic
(1) Accumulation of fluids in chest/abdomen
(2) Damp-Cold chronic bronchitis
(3) Tinea
B.256 C.288 Dr.169
yuán huā 芫花

(1) Drains water downward & drives out thin mucus [Accumulation of fluids in chest/abdomen*, thin mucus in flanks; Harsh cathartic]
(2) Dispels phlegm & stops coughing [Damp-Cold chronic bronchitis*, coughing & wheezing]
(3) Kills parasites [Tinea*; Apply topically]

CTX: Toxic, use only for ascites etc, & for limited time

yuán(genkwa) huā(flower)
Genkwa Flos
genkwa flower
bitter, spicy, warm, toxic
DoDr-HarExp, Clinic-NoCateg