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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What does the step of fertilization produce?
One cell with one set of chromosomes from each parent.
What are gonads?
Testes and ovaries
What do gonads do?
Produce gametes and secrete sex hormones
What is gynecology?
The study of the female reproductive system.
What is urology?
The study of the urinary and male reproductive system.
What happens in synapsis?
Copies of chromosomes pair off and form a tetrad.
What do the X and Y chromosomes do?
Determine the sex of the baby.
What happens during metaphase I?
Similar pairs of chromosomes line up with attached microtubules along the metaphase plate.
What happens in anaphase I?
Each set of similar chromatids are pulled apart towards opposite ends of the dividing cell.
T/F - Telophase I and cytokinesis are similar to mitotic division.
What are the 4 phases of meiosis II?
Prophase II
Metaphase II
Anaphase II
Telophase II
How many cells are produced in Meiosis II?
What are the four steps of Meiosis I?
Metaphase I
Anaphase I
Telophase I
What is the muscle that causes wrinkling of the scrotum?
The dartos muscle.
What is the main roll of the scrotum?
Temperature regulation of the testes.
What does the cremastermuscle in the spermatic cord do?
Elevates the testes on exposure to cold and during arousal.
What is the dense white capsule called which surrounds the testes?
Tunica albuginea
What is Cryptochidism?
The testes have not descended into the scrotum.
What is the hormone secreted by Leydig cells?