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23 Cards in this Set

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Arrhenius acids
are hydrogen-containing compounds that ionize to yield hydrogen ions (H+)
monoprotic acids
acids that contain 1 ionizable hydrogen
diprotic acids
acids that contain 2 ionizable hydrogens
triprotic acids
acids that contain 3 ionizable hydrogens
arrhenius bases
bases are compounds that ionize to yield hydroxide ions (OH-) in aqueous solutions
Bronsted-Lowry acid
hydrogen-ion donar
Bronsted-Lowry base
hydrogen-ion acceptor
conjuage base
the particle that remains when an acid has donated a hydrogen ion
conjugate acid
the particle formed when a base gains a hydrogen ion
amphoteric
a substance that can act as both an acid and a base
Lewis acid
a substance that can accpet a pair of electrons to form a covalent bond
lewis base
a substance taht can donate a pair of electrons to form a covalent bond
strong acid
completely ionized in aqueous solution
strong base
dissociate completely into metal ions and hydroxide ions in aqueous solution
weak acid
ionize only slightly in aqueous solution
weak base
react with water to form the hydroxide ion and the conjuage acid of the base
concentrated acid
large number of acid moles in solution, High molarity
dilute acid
small number of acid moles in solution, low molarity
hydronium ion
H30+ = positive ion formed
alkalin solution
a basic solution
acidic solution
any solution in which hte hydrogen-ion concentration is greated than the hydroxide-ion concentration
binary acid
are certain molecular compounds in which hydrogen is combined with a second non-metallic element
ternary acid
containing, H, O and other elements, often a non-metal