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25 Cards in this Set

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acid compound is 40.0 mass % C, 6.71 mass % H, and 53.3 mass % O. (a) determine empirical formula (b) determine molecular formula
(a) CH2O (b) C3H6O3
hydrochloric acid (strong acid)
HCl
nitric acid (strong acid)
HNO3
sulfuric acid (strong acid)
H2SO4
sodium hydroxide (strong base)
NaOH
potassium hydroxide (strong base)
KOH
acid + base -->
salt + water
HCl (aq)
hydrochloric acid
HI (aq)
hydroiodic acid
H2S (aq)
hydrosulfuric acid
HCN (aq)
hydrocyanic acid
Naming Binary Aqueous Acids
hydro + (partial) element name with ic suffix + acid
Oxoacids
contain hydrogen, oxygen, and a third element
Naming Oxoacids
(partial) element name + suffix + acid
-ic acids
-ate anions
-ous acids
-ite anions
H2SO4
sulfuric acid
HNO3
nitric acid
H2CO3
carbonic acid
HClO2
chlorous acid
24.57 mL of 0.1008 M NaOH are required to neutralize 25.00 mL of HCl. What is the HCl molarity?
0.09907 M
metal activity series
Li, K, Ba, Ca, Na, Mg, Al, Mn, Zn, Cr, Fe, Cd, Co, Ni, Sn, Pb
reversible reaction
reaction that proceeds simultaneously in both directions
equilibrium
the forward reaction and the reverse reaction proceed at equal rates
To standardize an HCl solution, 50.00 mL of HCl is put in flask with indicator. 0.1524 M NaOH goes into buret with initial reading of 0.55 mL and an end point reading of 33.87 mL. What is the concentration of the HCl solution?
0.1016 M HCl