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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
A system that absorbs or releases hydrogen to help normalize ph is called a?
Buffer system
The acid base imbalance of a client with diabetic ketoacidosis is called?
Metabolic acidosis
Your COPD patient has an acute exacerbation of the disease-- the acid base imbalance is?
Respiratory acidosis
A pt. is in pain and is anxious from an accident. The acid base imbalance is?
Respiratory alkalosis
A client has been taking extra lasix for “bloating”. The acid base imbalance is?
Metabolic alkalosis
Interpret the ABG: ph 7.25, pCo2 54, HCO3 24, pO2 84
Respiratory acidosis
Interpret the ABG: ph 7.50, pCo2 28, HCO3 24, pO2 70
Respiratory Alkalosis
Interpret the ABG: ph 7.19, pCo2 35, HCO3 26, pO2 85
Impossible
Interpret the ABG: ph 7.50, pCo2 40, HCO3 30, pO2 90
Metabolic Alkalosis
Interpret the ABG: ph 7.35, pCo2 50, HCO3 30, pO2 60
Compensation
Interpret the ABG: ph 7.38, pCo2 30, HCO3 18, pO2 75
Compensation
A substance that can add or remove free hydrogen ions to or from a solution so as to maintain nearly normal ph is called?
Buffer
The main buffer system in the body is?
The bicarbonate acid buffer system
The system most critically affected ( can cause death) by severe abnormalities in potassium balance is?
The cardiovascular system
Acidosis that results from respiratory dysfunction is called?
Respiratory acidosis
Chronic obstructive lung disease is a primary cause of?
Respiratory acidosis
Compensation for respiratory acidosis would result in plasma bicarbonate levels:
Greater than 28/ mEq/L (higher than normal)
Diabetes mellitus is a primary cause of?
Metabolic acidosis
Compensation for metabolic alkalosis would result in plasma carbon dioxide levels?
Greater than 45mm Hg ( higher than normal)