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12 Cards in this Set

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Name:
Acetylsaicylic acid
Aspirin
Class:
1)PLatelet inhibitor
2)Anti-inflammatory
3)Analgesic
Action:
1)inhibits prostaglandin synthesis which decrease teh pain caused by inflammation
2)impedes both platelet aggregation and clotting action
3)reduces the mortality associated with AMI, and the rate of nonfatal re-infarction and stroke
USE:
new chest pain suggestive of acute MI
Side Effects:
1)prolonged bleeding
2)GI bleeding
3)bronchospasm
CONTRAindications:
Absolute: Hypersensitivity;Pts with known bleeding disorders
Relative: recent HX of GI bleed or ulcers
Precautions:
1)larger doses decrease B.S. levels and deplete liver glycogens
2)IF pt develops tinitus, immediately DC use
3)use caution in Pts with HX of asthma, pregnancy, or recent surgery
Drug Interactions:
Use with anticoagulants such as warfarin may potentiate the platelet-inhibting effects of ASA and increase the risk of occult bleeding, contact MED. control prior to use on PT's
Preparations:
81mg chewable childs tablets or 325mg Adult chewable tablets, which are commonly used in the Out-of-hopsital setting
Adult dose:
160 to 325mg
Pediatric dose:
generall not used in the field for children
Route:
PO