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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a device that accepts input, processes data, stores data, and produces output, all according to a series of stored instructions.
whatever is typed, submitted, or transmitted to a computer system.
refers to the symbols that represent facts, objects, and ideas.
computer manipulate data, and this manipulation is called
the series of instructions that tell a computer how to carry out processing tasks is referred to as
computer program
The instructions that direct a computer to for a specific task, interact with a user or process data.
The main processing unit in a computer consisting of circuitry,that executes instructions to process data. Decribed as the computers "brain"
CPU- central processing unit
An area of a computer that temporarily holds data to be processed, stored, or output.
the area where data can be left on a permanent basis when it is not immediately needed for processing.
the result produced by the computer
a series of instructions for a computing task can be loaded into a computer's memory.
stored program
a CPU consisting of a single chip
a type of computer designed to meet the computing needs of an individual.
personal computer
Fits on a desk and runs on power from electrical wall outlet.
desktop computer
A small, lightweight personal computer that incorporates screen, keyboard, storage, and processing components into a single portable unit. (also known as a laptop)
notebook computer
is a portable computing device featuring a touch-sensitive screen that can be used as a writing or drawing pad.
tablet computer
features a small keyboard or touch-sensitive screen and is designed to fit into a pocket, run on batteries, and be used while you are holding it.
handheld computer.
a computer in this category is typically used as an electronic appointment book, address calculator, and notepad.
PDA (personal digital assistant).
can tackle tasks that require a lot of processing speed, such as medical imaging and computer-aided design.Also,an ordinary personal computer that is connected to a network.
two or more computers and otehr devices connected for the purpose of sharing data, programs, and hardware.
computer network
a computer network located within a limited geographical area, such as a school computer or small business.
LAN(local area network)
one of the fastest computers in the world. Can tackle complex tasks that just would not be practical for other compents.
is a large and expensive computer that is capable of simultaneously processing data for hundreds or thousands of users.
mainframe computer
a computer or software on a network that supplies the network with data and storage.
a personal computer, workstation, or software that request data from a server is referred to as a
a set of computer programs that helps a person carry out a task
application software
the master controller of all activities that take place within a computer.
operating system
microcomputers that use WIndows software contain Intel-compatiable microprocessers.
COmmunication between all the different devices on the internet is made possible by this and it is a standard set of rules or electronically addressing and transmitting data
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocal/Internet Protocol)
The process of transfering one these files from a remote computer such as a server, to a local computer, such as your personal computer, is called..
sending a file from a local computer to a remote computer
a personal journal posted on the Web for access by the general public.
a company that maintains internet computers and telecommunications equipment in order to provide internet access to bussinesses, organizations, and individuals.
ISP(INternet serive provider)
a series of characters -letters and possibly numbers- that becomes a person's unique idnetifier.
user id
different series of characters that verifies that user ID.
is the communications standard that's instrumental in ferrying Web documents to all corners of the internet.
HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
a virtual "place" in cyberspace.
The computers and software that store and distribute Web pages
Web servers
a standard format for web documents
HTML (hypertext Markup Language)
a software program that runs on your computer and helps you access Web pages.
any word that describes information you're trying to find.
It is a series of customs or guidelines for maintaining civilized and effective communications in online discussions and e-mail exchanges.
temporarily stores new messages in your mailbox on an e-mail server.
POP (Post Office Protocol)
Keeps your mail on a website rather transfering it to your computer.
Involves a lot of flashing lights, whirring noises,a nd beeping as your computer performs a set od diagnostic test called power on self test (POST).
boot process
provides your computer with a way to signal a problem, even if screen is not functioning.
beep code