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103 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Median plane
dividing the head and torso into right and left halves. (mid-sagittal) plane. (midline longitudinal plane)
Sagittal
dividing the body into left & right parts (not halves)
Coronal. Frontal
dividing the body (head, torso, limbs)into front and back halves or parts. (longitudinal plane)
Transvers. Cross
divides the body into upper and lower halves(cross sections) - axial or transaxial sections.
Terms of position & direction
the relationship of one organ to another
standard anatomical position
body standing erect, limbs extended, palms of the hands forward.
Cranial. Superior. Rostral.
closer to the head or higher than another structure of the body (not incl limbs)
Anterior. Ventral
more in front than another structure in the body.
Posterior. Dorsal
a structure being more in back than another structure.
Medial.
a structure that is closer to the median plane
Lateral
further away from the median plane
Proximal
closer to the median plane or root of the limb **limb only
Distal
**limb only - further away from the median plane or the root of the limb
Caudal. Inferior
closer to the feet or the lower part of the body (not in reference to a limb)
Superficial.
external - closer to the surface of the body.
Deep
internal - further away from the surface.
Ipsilateral
"on the same side"
Contralateral
"on the opposite side"
System
a collection of organs and structures sharing a common function.
skeletal system
skeleton of bones and thier periosteum, and the ligaments that secure the bones at the joint.
Articular system
jonts, both movable and fixed, and the related structures incl. joint capsules, synovial membranes and discs/menisci.
Muscular system
skeletal muscles that move the skeleton, the face, heart and skin
Cardiovascular system
heart, arteries, capillaries, and veins
Lymphatic system
vessels assisting veins in recovering the body's tissue fluids
Nervous system
impulse-generating conducting tissue organized into a central nervous system (brain & spinal cord)
Endocrine system
glands
Integumentary system
skin
Respiratory system
upper and lower respiratory tract
Digestive system
breakdown, digestion and assimilation of food as well as excretion
Urinary system
the conservation of water and maintenance of a neutral acid-base balance in the body fluids
Immune/Lymphoid system
organs concerned with body defense
Female Reproductive system
the secretion of sex hormones, production and transportation. Maintenance of developing embryo
Male Reproductie system
the secretion of male sex hormones, formation and maintenance.
Regional Anatomy
organization of human structure by regions
Closed body cavities
not open to the outside of the body. (cranial, vertebral, thoracic, and abdominopelvic cavities)
Cranial cavity
brain & its coverings, cranial nerves and blood vessels.
Thoracic cavity
lungs, heart and other structure in the chest
Abdominal cavity
gastrointestinal tract and related glands, the urinary tract and great numbers of vessels and nerves.
Open Visceral Cavities
open to the outside of the body. Tubular passageways lined with mucosa (respiratory, digestive, urinary tracts)
Tissues
a collection of similar cells.
Periosteum
the thick fibrous membrane coveing the entire surface of a bone except its articular cartilage.
Frontal
forehead
Temporal
temple
Orbital
eye, cavity/walls
Nasal
nose, cavity/walls
Buccal
cheek
Oral
mouth cavity
Mandibular
lower jaw
Anterior Cervical
front of neck
Lateral Cervical
side of neck
Supraclavicular
above clavicle
Pectoral
anterior chest
Abdominal
abdomen
Inguinal
groin
Pelvic
pelvis
Pubic
genital region
Genital
reproductive organs
Pudendal
female genitals
Perineal
between pubis and coccyx
Coccyx
tail bone
Deltoid
shoulder / upper arm (anterior)
Axillary
armpit
Brachial
arm (anterior)
Antecubital
front of elbow (anterior)
Carpal
wrist (anterior & posterior)
Hand: Palmar
palm
Digital
fingers, toes
Coxal
hip
Femoral
thigh (anterior & posterior)
Patellar
knee cap
Crural
leg (anterior & posterior)
Fibular
lateral (side) leg (anterior)
Tarsal
ankle (anterior & posterior)
Foot: Dorsum
top of foot
Parietal
top and sides of head (posterior)
Occipital
back of head
Post. Cervical/Nuchal
back of neck
Scapular
shoulder blade (posterior)
Vertebral
spinal column
Paraspinal
along side spinal column
Thoracic
posterior chest
Lumbar
lower back (posterior)
Sacroiliac
vertebro-pelvic joint (posterior)
Sacral
posterior pelvis
coccygeal
tail bone
Acromial
top of shoulder (posterior)
Deltoid
shoulder/upper arm (posterior)
Brachial
arm (posterior)
Cubital
elbow
Antebrachial
forearm (posterior)
Hand: Dorsal
back of hand (posterior)
Gluteal
buttock
Popliteal
back of knee
Foot: Plantar
sole (posterior)
Closed body cavities
not open to the outside of the body (cranial, vertebral, thoracic, and abdominopelvic)
Cranial cavity
occupied by the brain & its coverings, cranial nerves, and blood vessels.
Dura mater
a tough, fibrous membrane lining enveloping the brain in the cranial cavity.
Thoracic cavity
contains the lungs, heart & other structures (tubular airways, bl.vessels, lymphatics, nerves)in the chest
Pleura
a serous membrane completely lining the thoracic cavity.
Abdominal cavity
contains the gastro-
intestinal tract& related glands, the urinary tract, vessels & nerves.
Pelvic cavity
contains the urinary bladder, rectum, and reproductive organs
Peritoneum
the serous membrane lining the abdominopelvic wall
Open visceral cavites
tubular passageways lined with mucosa (respiratory, digestive, urinary tracts)open to the outside of the body.