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82 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Was there a humanist movement?
no
oposite of yes
Who coined the term humanism?
F. J. Niethammer
nails
When did the studia humanitatis begin?
middle ages
mud
What brand of logic were humanists opposed to?
scholasticism
nother word for student
What classic literature did humanists wish to regurgitate?
Latin and Greek
duh...
How many disciplines were there in studia humantitatis?
five
think
What did the trivium consist of?
grammar
logic
rhetoric
granite love rocks
What were the disciplines of the studia humanitatis?
grammar
rhetoric
history
literary studies
moral philosophy
great real humanists love moms
What did the quadrivium consist of?
geometry
arithmetic
astronomy
music
gaam
What writers brought the triuvium and quadrivium to christian Europe in the 5th and 6th centuries?
Cassiodorus
Martianuc Capella
Cassandra, Martian without music
What were the disciplines called?
artes liberales
you're one
where was higher education entirely of the trivium and quadrivium?
classical Rome
julius
What two major patriarchs of the Christian religion were reaised in the tradition of trivium and quadrivium?
Augustine & Boethius
8th month, sheep
What is the difference between Roman's learning of the triv and quadriv and medieval learning of them?
Roman: Greek authors
Medieval: Latin authors
languages
In the trivium, what was the study of grammar?
proper use of language and how authors use language to make meaning
same stuff
In the trivium, what was study of dialect?
science of disputation, proofs and propositions
dpp
The scholastic tradition in logic was also known by what names?
Aristotelean
Averroistic
Air and Aviators
Scholastic dialect used language to produce certainty by focusing on what?
syllogism
if then
What is syllogism?
construction of a truthful conclusion from truthful premises
truth
What is rhetoric?
the art of persuasion
sides
Who is considered the fouding daddy of humanism?
Petrarch
duh
Who was the most famous representative of the humanists?
Coluccio Salutati
chio salute
What is Petrarch most famous for today?
poetry
emo
Whose texts did petrarch discover?
Cicero
scissors
Did Petrarch read Greek?
no
opposite of yes
What texts did humanists begin by dsicovering?
Latin
julius
Who were the two most important classical authors during the Renaissance and what language did they write in?
Cicero and Quintillian
Latin
scissors and essential
julius
what did Cicero write about?
Treatises on moral and religious philosophy
handbooks on oratory
m and r think
hand talks
What did Quintillian write about?
Curriculum in classic education
Principles of theories od the rhetorical education
classwork
copernican edu
What famous book/text of Cicero's did Petrarch discover?
the Brutus
et tu
Who most greatly influenced Petrarch?
Cicero and Augustine
sauce in august
Who was the most important author of the humanist movement?
Cicero
sauce
What did Augustine write about?
relationship of humans to the divine
m2d
What two characteristics became ideal throughout the Renaissance?
wisdom
eloquence
we
What is eloquence?
use of language
part of elegance
What became foundations of the humanist curriculum?
eloquence, the combination of eloquence with wisdom, and service to the public good and the state
we service ppls
What was the only proper study for a human being to engage in according to Petrarch?
study of oneself
u
What was the hallmark of humanist belief?
the dignity of humanity
dig it ppl
What did humanists believe the principle concern of every human should be?
salvation
jesus freaks
Of all the studies, the highest studies involved _____ __________ and it's application to the real world.
moral philosophy
moms
Coluccio Salutati was a ______ and used this position to test the humanist ideals.
lawyer
jerk
The Ciceronean ideals for a public official were...?
wisdom, eloquence and duty
wed
If a humanist wasn't a philosophy or movement, what was it?
educational curriculum
school
When and where did humanism education begin?
early 14th century, Italy
7x2 pasta
Name the two foundational figures in humanist education.
Guarino Veronese in Ferrara
Vittorino da Feltre at Mantua
GVF and VFM
Whose texts did Guarino and Vittorino use as their model for education?
Quintilian
essential
What profession did Cicero believe was the greatest?
orator
blah blah blah
What was the centerpiece of human philosoophy?
use language to persuade others to pursue the right course
if you convince, it must be right
What 3 authors of the classics did Guarino and Vittorino make their students learn?
Cicero
Plato
Aristotle
CAP
What did humanists feel the best way to use Latin was?
to imitate the style of classic authors
parrot
What were the central processes of rhetoric?
invention
elocution
create, deliver
What is invention?
process where speaker finds material to make argument
find fabric for dress
What is elocution?
way one delivers a speach
pizza guy
What was the purpose of the invention process?
persuade audience what your were arguing was true
lighting
What did the material of argument include?
arguments
proofs
fashioning of language
argoofang
What was skepticism?
argument that no one could know anything for certain
thats not true...
Skeptics argued that the only knowledge available to humans was _______ knowledge.
probable
most likely
Augustine argued that probable knowledge was impossible as ______ ______ meant there was some certainty in the world.
Christian Faith
jesus freaks
What was the probable knowledge viewpoint considered?
anti-dogmatic
no puppies
What did the scholastic tradition of logic use to produce statements that were absolutly true?
language
blah blah blah
What did one use to produce conclusions from truthful premises in scholasticism?
syllogisms
if then
By the beginning of waht century had scholasticism almost disappeared from education?
16th
age now
Ture or false: In scholasticism, if you could persuade you audience
true
not false
What year was Constantinople conquered by the Turks?
1453
duh
In 1423, how many manuscripts did Giovanni Aurispa bring back from Byzantium?
about 240
6x4 + 0
What did humanists read to recover the original spirit of Christianity?
Greek texts
olive words
What was Lorenzo Valla's most famous project?
proving the Donation of Constantine was forged
DC
What book did Lorenzo Valla write that was a program of study?
The Eloquence of the Latin Language
ell
In what book did lorenzo Valla try to answer the question of what made humans happy?
On the True Good
On Pleasure
Valla's argument of self interest formed the Enlightenment's view of humanity, which brought on what ideas?
capitalism
individual rights
democracy
cid, stuff that makes you cry and be happy
Which type of career did the humanist education program stress?
practical
practice makes perfect
What type of humanists agreed on eloquence, but stressed political science and action over everything else?
civic humanists
ch
What did educational humanists center their attention on?
grammar
logic
rheotic
granite
loves
rock
Who were the most prominent civiv humanists?
Leonardo Bruni (1370-1444)
& Leon Battista Alberti(1404-1472)
L.B. james and baptist albert
Leonardo B. and Leon B.A. thought what city state's government model was best?
Florence's
daddy's house
The quest for _______ and ______ led to political greatness and stability while the quest for material gain led to human mastery of _______ and the ______.
nobility
greatness
nature
earth
big time
genial
trees
mommy
The quest for _______ and ______ led to political greatness and stability while the quest for material gain led to human mastery of _______ and the ______.
nobility
greatness
nature
earth
big time
genial
trees
mommy
When was the term humanism coined?
1808
+8 -8 +8
What did the term umanista represent in the 15th century?
an educator
teach
The first humanists were not educators, but private men of independent means or _______.
lawyers
jerks
What year was Petrarch born?
1304
+2 -3 +4
What year did he die?
1374
+70