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15 Cards in this Set

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The branch of the immune system that responds in a specific manner to each specific disease-causing microorganism encountered.
Acquired Immunity
A disease that develops rapidly.
Acute Disease
A group of organisms ranging from single-celled species to large multicellular species, which all have the ability to photosynthesize; these organisms are plant-like but lack roots, flowers, and true leaves of the higher plants.
Algae
A bacterial disease primarily of hoofed animals, but can cause infections in humans; the organism is capable of producing spores and thus is stable in the environment for many years even in harsh conditions; infection is usually initiated after an animal grazes on contaminated land and the spores enter small abrasions in the mouth of the animal.
Anthrax
An antimicrobial agent that is produced by one type of microorganism (usually a fungus or bacteria) to inhibit another type of microorganism.
Antibiotic
The state of protection against the effect of an antibiotic; the ability to withstand and survive exposure to antibiotics; microorganisms can acquire this state of protection by mutation or by acquiring new genes that enable the protection.
Antibiotic Resistance
A protein made by B cells(a type of white blood cell) that is capable of binding to a very specific portion of a foreign substance; these are an important component of acquired immunity; each B cell can only make one type of this.
Antibody
A substance that stimulates an immune response, especially the production of antibodies.
Antigen
Any agent, especially a chemotherapeutic agent, that kills or inhibits the growth of infectious microorganisms.
Antimicrobial
A chemical agent used on skin or living tissues in order to inhibit or eliminate microorganisms.
Antiseptic
An agent containing antibodies against a toxic compound(usually produced by a microorganism) that has the ability to neutralize or block its effects on the body.
Antitoxin
An agent containing antibodies against a toxic compound in a venom that has the ability to neutralize or block the venom's negative effects on the body.
Antivenin
A group of prokaryotic cells that are grouped separately from the eubacteria; these bacteria are considered the most ancient forms of life.
Archaea
A disorder that results from an aberrant immune response in which the body's immune response is directed against its own cells and tissues.
Autoimmune Disorder
A type of white blood cell that is responsible for producing antibodies.
B Cell