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47 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Sovereignty
supremecy of authority to rule
Louis XIV
Boy king of France, took control in 1661. Sun King-his radiance kept the world running
Cardinal Richelieu
adivisor of Louis XIV-->stregthened power of monarchy. Spy network--> sutting down all opposition
Cadrinal Marazin
advisor of young Louis XIV--> crushrevolts, dies in 1661
Baroque Art
adopted by Catholic reformation--> intense, emotional realisitc, over the top. Protestants DID NOT LIKE
Salons
rooms in wealthy cities where people could discuss and debate new ides, had to be invited
John Locke
inalienable rights--> life, liberty, property
Philosophe
thinkers of the Enlightenment
Montesquieu
Separation of power--> checks and balances
Adam Smith
laissez faire economics-->gov't keep hands off
Rousseau
society governed MAJORITY will
Jaques Bossuet
"POLITICS DRAWN FROM VERY WORDS" catholic bishop and theologian--> support absolute leaders.
Regicide
killing of a king
Parliament
1)House of commmons (elected by common people) 2)House of Lords (appointed by king)
Charles I
1625 to 1649. Anglican king, STRONG supporter of divine rights. Attempted to impose more ritual (catholicism) 2) marries catholic princes, make PURITANS ANRGY
"Rump" Parliament
members of Pment who still supported King . . .
Versailles
Louis XIV's huge palace, Baroque Art
Puritans
Protestant Reformers in Anglican church
Glorious Revolution
James II, catholic king, leaves England. No bloodshed. Pment offers crown to William and Mary, but they must sign the Bill of Rights first
Thomas Hobbes
thinker, Absolutism wrote Leviation syaing that huge ruler = people. Kings should protect their people from harm.
Descartes
philosophe-REASON-->captcity to think. Doubt = false; looking for total truth. "I THINK; THEREFORE I AM"
Cavaliers
Royal forces of king Charles I
Roundheads
Pment forces--> New Model Army (Cromwell)-->during English Civil War
Battle of Nasby
1645, Huge victory for Cromwell, arrested Charles I
Charles II
1660 to 1685--> agreed to limited Monarchy, had Catholic tendencies, repealed laws agains catholics. brother of JAMES II
William and Mary
offered Crown by Pment, invaded England to remove James II, but no bloodshed. Signed bill of rights
English Civil War
1642 to 1648. Round heads ves. Cavaliers
English Bill of Rights
1688. 1) affirmed Pment's rights to taxes, laws, army. 2)limits kings power. 3)rights for people.
Peter the great
1689 to 1725--> czar of Russia, absolute ruler, westernized Russia
Absolutism/Absolute monarch s
soverign power/ ultimate power in the state rested in the king or Queen who claimed to rule by divine power
"Rump" Parliament
members of Pment who still supported King . . .
Versailles
Louis XIV's huge palace, Baroque Art
Puritans
Protestant Reformers in Anglican church
Glorious Revolution
James II, catholic king, leaves England. No bloodshed. Pment offers crown to William and Mary, but they must sign the Bill of Rights first
Thomas Hobbes
thinker, Absolutism wrote Leviation syaing that huge ruler = people. Kings should protect their people from harm.
Descartes
philosophe-REASON-->captcity to think. Doubt = false; looking for total truth. "I THINK; THEREFORE I AM"
Cavaliers
Royal forces of king Charles I
Roundheads
Pment forces--> New Model Army (Cromwell)-->during English Civil War
Batle of Nasby
1645, Huge victory for Cromwell, arrested Charles I
Charles II
1660 to 1685--> agreed to limited Monarchy, had Catholic tendencies, repealed laws agains catholics. brother of JAMES II
William and Mary
offered Crown by Pment, invaded England to remove James II, but no bloodshed. Signed bill of rights
English Civil War
1642 to 1648. Round heads vs. Cavaliers
English Bill of Rights
1689. 1) affirmed Pment's rights to taxes, laws, army. 2)limits kings power 3)rights for people.
Peter the great
1689 to 1725--> czar of Russia, absolute ruler, westernized Russia
Absolutism/Absolute monarch s
soverign power/ ultimate power in the state rested in the king or Queen who claimed to rule by divine power
Divine Power
recieving power from God and responsible to no one, except god
Newton
discovered three laws of physics and universal law of grvitation