Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/31

Click to flip

31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Rectus
fibers run parallel to the midline
ex: rectus abdominus
Transverse
fibers run perpendicular to midline
ex: transverse abdominus
oblique
fibers run perpendicular to midline
ex: external oblique
frontalis
a muscle near the frontal bone
tibialis anterior
a muscle near the tibia
maximus
largest
ex: gluteus maximus
minimus
smallest
ex: gluteus minimus
longus
longest
ex: palmaris longus
brevis
shortest
ex: peroneus brevis
biceps
indicates two origins
ex: biceps brachii
biceps femoris
triceps
indicates three origins
ex: triceps brachii
quadriceps
indicates four origins
ex: quadriceps femoris
deltoid
having a triangular shape
ex: deltoid
trapezius
having a trapezoid shape
ex: trapezius
serratus
having a sawtooth shape
ex: serratus anterior
rhomboideus
having a diamond shape
ex: rhomboideus major
sternocleidomastoid
originates on sternum and clavicle and inserts on mastoid process of temporal bone
flexor
decreases the angle at the joint
ex: flexor carpi radialis
extensor
increases the angle at the joint
ex: extensor carpi ulnaris
abductor
moves a bone away from the midline
ex: abductor pollicis longus
adductor
moves a bone closer to the midline
ex: adductor magnus
levator
produces an upward movement
ex: levator scapulae
depressor
produces a downward movement
ex: depressor labii inferioris
supinator
turns the palm upward or anteriorly
ex: supinator
pronator
turns the palm downward or posteriorly
ex: supinator
sphincter
decreases the size of an opening
ex: external anal sphincter
tensor
makes a body part more rigid
ex: tensor fascia latae
rotator
moves a bone around its longitudinal axis
ex: rotatores
first class levers
think of a see-saw. there are not many examples of these in the body
ex: head resting on the vertebral column
fulcrum= joints between the atlas and occipital bone
resistance= bones of the face
effort= contraction of the muscles of the upper back
second class levers
FRE think of a wheelbarrow
ex: raising the body on the toes
fulcrum= ball of the foot
resistance= the body
effort= contraction of the calf muscles to pull the heel upward
third class levers
FER allow for greater speed and range of motion
most common type found in the body
ex: flexing the forearm at the elbow
fulcrum= elbow joint
effort= contraction of the biceps brachii
resistance= weight of the forearm