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38 Cards in this Set

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Diagnostic & Statistical Manual
(DSM-IV) Classifies psychological disorders by their symptoms.
Panic Disorder
When an individual experiences repeated attacks of intense anxiety along with severe chest pain
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Symptoms must occur for at least 6 months; not associated with a specific event
Phobias
Intense, irrational fear responses to a specific stimuli
Obsessive-compulsive disorder
(OCD) is a compound disorder of thought and behavior
Obsessions
Persistent, intrusive, unwanted thoughts
Compulsions
Ritualistic behaviors performed repeatedly that reduce tension
Posttraumatic stress disorder
(PTSD) Result of experienced trauma
Somatization Disorder
When a person who complains about vague and unverifiable medical conditions, which do not result from any physical cause
Conversion Disorder
(Hysteria) Characterized by loss of bodily function without physical damage
Hypochondriasis
Person unrealistically interprets physical signs as evidence of serious diseases
Dissociative Amnesia
Loss of memory for a traumatic event or period of time that is too painful for an individual to remember
Dissociative Fugue
Memory loss for anything having to do with personal memory
Dissociative Identity Disorder
(DID or multiple personality disorder) Where a person has two or more distinct personalities
Major Depressive Disorder
(Unipolar Depression) Involves intense depressed mood, reduced interest or pleasure in activities, loss of energy
Depression w/ Seasonal Pattern
(Seasonal affective disorder) Type of depression that recurs in different times of the year-Usually winter
Bipolar Disorder
Characterized by mood swings alternating between periods of major depression and mania
Learned Helplessness
Feeling of futility and passive resignation that results from inability to avoid repeated aversive events
Psychosis
Lack of touch with reality evidenced by highly disordered thought processes
Delusions
Erroneous beliefs that are maintained even when compelling evidence to the contrary is presented
Hallucinations
False sensory perceptions; seeing something that is not there
Disorganized schizophrenia
Incoherent speech, inappropriate mood, hallucinations and delusional
Paranoid schizophrenia
Characterized by delusions of grandeur, persecution and reference
Catatonic schizophrenia
Characterized by disordered movement patterns
Undifferentiated/Simple Schizophrenia
Marked by disturbances of thought or behavior and emotion that do not fit neatly into any other category
Personality Disorders
Long-standing, maladaptive thoughts and behavior patterns that are troublesome to others, harmful, etc
Paranoid
Pervasive, unwarranted suspiciousness and mistrust, envious
Schizoid
Poor capacity for forming social relationships, shy withdrawn behavior
Schizotypal
Odd thinking; often suspicious and hostile
Histronic
Excessively over dramatic; seeking attention, overreact, egocentric
Narcissistic
Unrealistically self-important, manipulative, lacking expects special treatment
Borderline
Emotionally unstable, impulsive, unpredictable, irritable
Antisocial
Violate others rights without guilt, manipulative, exploitive, self-indulgent, irresponsible,
Avoidant
Excessively sensitive to rejection and humiliation, desires acceptance, but socially withdraws
Dependent
Lacking self confidence, subordinates our needs, allows others to make their own decisions
Obsessive-Compulsive
Preoccupied with rules, schedules, details; conventional, serious, emotional, insensitive
ADHD
(Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder) Unable to focus attention, easily distracted, impulsive
Autism
Lack of response to others, impairment in verbal and nonverbal communications, limited interest/activity