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33 Cards in this Set

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Internalizing Disorder(s)
An empirically derived category of psychological problems of childhood that affect the child more than the external world (depression)
Externalizing Disorder(s)
An emperically derived category of disruptive child behavior problems that create problems for the external world (ADHD)
Mental Retardation
Limitation of functioning--IQ of 70 and below--limitation of adaptive skills--onset prior to age 18
Autism
A severe disorder of the Pervasive Developmental Spectrum--Significant impairment in social interaction--communication with stereotypic behaviors
Adjustment Disorder
Clinically significant symptoms in response to stress (level of severity is below threshold for diagnosis of another mental disorder)
Cognitive Disorder
Delerium-Dementia-Amnestic Disorder--Involve deficits in cognition and/or memory which represents a significant change from previous level of functioning due to a general medical condition or substance
Competence (legal)
Involves defendant's ability
Executive Function
planning, organizing, sequencing, abstracting
Delerium
A confusional state that develops over a short period of time and is often associated with agitation and hyperactivity. The primary symptom is clouding of consciousness or reduced awareness of one's surrounding.
Dementia
A gradually worsening loss of memory and related cognitive functions, including the use of language as well as reasoning and decision making.
Amnestic Disorder
A form of cognitive disorder characterized by memory impairments that are more limited or circumscribed than those seen in dementia or delerium.
ODD
A psychological disorder of childhood characterized by persistent but relatively minor transgressions, such as refusing to obey adult requests, arguing, and acting angry.
ADHD
A psychological disorder of childhood characterized by hyperactivity, inattention, and impulsivity. Typically has an onset by the early school years.
CD
Conduct Disorder: A psychological disorder of childhood that is defined primarily by behavior that is illegal as well as antisocial.
Alzheimer's Disease
A form of dementia in which cognitive impairment appears gradually and deterioration is progressive. A definite diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease requires the observation of two specific types of brain lesions: neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques.
Psychostimulant
Medications that heighten energy and alertness when taken in small dosages, but lead to restless, even frentic, behavior when misused. Often used in the treatment of ADHD.
Seperation Anxiety
A normal fear that begins to develop around 8 months and peaks around 15 months. The infant expresses distress following seperation from an attachment figure, typically a parent or other close caregiver.
Encopresis
Inappropriately controlled defacation among children old enough to maintain control of their bowels.
Enuresis
Inappropriately controlled urination (during sleep or while awake) among children old enough to maitain control of their bladder.
Pica
Persistent eating of nonnutritive substances, such as paint or dirt.
Reactive Attachment Disorder
Characterized by severely disturbed and developmentally inappropriate social relationships.
Rumination Disorder
The repeated regurgitation and rechewing of food.
Pervasive Developmental Disorder
A category of unusual psychological problems that begin early in life and involve severe impairments in a number of areas of functioning. Autistic diorder is one example.
Civil Commitment
The involuntary hospitalization of the mentally ill; the decision typically is justified based on dangerousness to self or others (or inability to care for self)
Confidentiality
The ethical obligation not to reveal private communications in psychotherapy and in other professional contacts between mental health professionals and their clients.
IQ (Intelligence Quotient)
A measure of intelectual ability that typically has a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15. An individual's IQ is determined by comparisons with norms for sameaged peers.
Savant Performance
An exeptional ability in a highly specialized area of functioning typically involving artistic, musical, or mathmatical skills.
Temperament
Characteristic styles of relating to the world that are often conceptualized as inborn traits. Generally emphasizes the "how" as oposed to the "what" of behavior.
Resilience
The ability to "bounce back" from adversity despite life stress and emotional distress.
Learning Disorder
A heterogenous group of educational problems characterized by academic performance that is notably below academic aptitude.
Tourette's
A rare disorder that is characterized by repeated motor and verbal tics.
Selective Mutism
Involves the consistent failure to speak in certain situations (school) while speech is unrestricted in other situations (home).
"Tarasoff" Decision
enacted laws that outline therapists' duty to protect potential victims of violence. (pg 616)