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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
80% of OCD patients respond to
psychological interventions
Trauma
1)the experience of an event involving actual or threatened death or serious injury to self or others
2)a response of intense fear, helplessness, or horror in the reaction to the event
Acute dissociation
no more than a month, immediate reaction
8% of people will experience________________ at some point in life
PTSD
10% women (rape mostly), 5% men (combat mostly)
Two Factory Theory
combining classical and operant conditioning. Classical creates, operant remains.
too much dissociation leads to decreased emotional processing which then requires (3 things)
1. emotional engagement
2. organizing chaotic experiences
3. developing a balanced view of the world
Hypochondriasis
severe anxiety focused on the possibility of having a serious disease. They initially goto physicians, then reassured for only a short time, and repeate visits to different doctors.
body dysmorphic disorder
person displays a preoccupation with some imagined defect in appearance despite looking normal
a challenging event that requires physiological, cognitive, and behavioral adaptation
stress
negative stress impacts
immune function
Schizophrenia
specific type of psychosis marked by disturbances of thought, language, and behavior not due to a primary mood disorder, substance use, or medical condition
Sz- Positive symptoms
presence of aberrant symptoms (delusions and hallucinations)
Sz- negative symptoms
absence of normal functioning
Sz, Paranoid Type
preoccupation w/ 1 or more delusions or frequent auditory hallucinations, which tend to center around a theme. Best prognosis
Sz, disorganized type
disorganized speech and behavior, develops early
Sz, catatonic type
1. motoric immobility
2. excessive motor activity that seems purposeless
3. extreme negativism or mutism
4. pecularities of voluntary movement
Sz, residual type
absence or prominent delusiions, hallucinations
Emil Kraeplin
used term dementia praecox, focused on onset and outcomes (early loss of mind)
Eugen Bleuler
not early dimentia, loss with reality
What causes Sz?
A. genetic predispotion -> common stressful life
B. for some, more unusual circumstances lead to disorder
Average Concordance in twin studies
48% for Mz twins
17% for Dz twins
Classical antipsychotics 1950's (Sz)
work well on positice symptoms, less well on negative symptoms. Major side effects- EPS and TD.
Atypical Antipsychotics 1990's (Sz)
atypical because have fewer motor side effects. Much more effective for negative symptoms. 30% of treatment resistant patients now demonstrate a positive response.
Social Skills Training focuses on (Sz)
residual symptoms
4 Main Symptoms of PTSD
1. Reexperience the trauma
2. Avoid the feared stimulus and have emotional numbness
3. Inrease in physiological arousal or hypervigilence
4. duration of disturbance > 1 month
Clinical Incident Stress Debriefing
there has been no empirical evidence that its effective. found to be iatrogenic in some cases.
Dissociation
disruption of the normally integrative process of memory, identity, conciousness, and perception
depersonalization
feeling cut off from one's self and the enviornment
derealization
marked sense of unreality
Dissociative Fugue (2)
1. suddent and unexpected travel
2. inability to remember details about the past and confusion about identity or the assumption of a new identity
Why are some psychologists skeptical of the diagnosis of Dissociative Identity Disorder?
some clients claiming to have multiple personalities, have been malingering, disorder rare in other countries.
how does child sexual abuse relate to the etiology of Dissociative identity disorder
make other personalities to feel safe