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23 Cards in this Set

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Anxiety
Mood state characterized by marked negative affect and bodily symptoms of tension in which a person apprehensively anticipates future danger or misfortune. Anxiety may involve feelings, behaviors, and psychobiological responses.
Fear
Emotional response consisting of an immediate alarm reaction to present danger or life-threatening emergencies
Panic
Sudden overwhelming fright or terror.
Panic attack
Abrupt experience of intense fear or discomfort in the absence of danger accompanied by a number of physical symptoms, such as dizziness or heart palpitations.
Behavioral inhibition system (BIS)
Brain circuit in the limbic system that responds to threat signals by inhibiting activity and causing anxiety.
Fight/flight system (FFS)
Brain circuit in animals that when stimulated causes an immediate alarm and escape response resembling human panic.
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
Anxiety disorder characterized by intense, uncontrollable, unfocused, chronic, and continuous worry that is distressing and unproductive accompanied by physical symptoms of tenseness, irritability, and restlessness.
Panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA)
Fear and avoidance of situations the person believes might induce a dreaded panic attack.
Agoraphobia
Anxiety about being in places or situations from which escape might be difficult.
Panic disorder without agoraphobia (PD)
Panic attacks experienced without development of agoraphobia.
Panic control treatment (PCT)
Cognitive- behavioral treatment for panic attacks, involving gradual exposure to feared somatic sensations and modification of perceptions and attitudes about them.
Specific phobia
Unreasonable fear of a specific object or situation that markedly interferes with daily life functioning.
Blood-injury-injection phobia
Unreasonable fear and avoidance of exposure to blood, injury, or the possibility of an injection. Victims often experience fainting and a drop in blood pressure.
Situational phobia
Fear of enclosed places (e.g., claustrophobia) or public transportation (e.g., fear of flying).
Natural environment phobia
Fear of situations or events in nature, especially heights, storms, and water.
Animal phobia
Unreasonable, enduring fear of animals or insects that usually develops early in life.
Separation anxiety disorder
Excessive, enduring fear in some children that harm will come to them or their parents while they are apart.
Social phobia
Extreme, enduring, irrational fear and avoidance of social or performance situations.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Enduring, distressing emotional disorder that follows exposure to a severe helpless- or fear-inducing threat. The victim re-experiences the trauma, avoids stimuli associated with it, and develops a numbing of responsiveness and an increased vigilance and arousal.
Acute stress disorder
Severe reaction immediately following a terrifying event, often including amnesia about the event, emotional numbing, and derealization. Many victims later develop posttraumatic stress disorder.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
Anxiety disorder involving unwanted, persistent, intrusive thoughts and impulses as well as repetitive actions intended to suppress them.
Obsessions
Recurrent intrusive thoughts or impulses the client seeks to suppress or neutralize while recognizing they are not imposed by outside forces
Compulsions
Repetitive, ritualistic, time-consuming behaviors or mental acts a person feels driven to perform