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14 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What type of conditions can cause Respiratory Acidosis?
any condition that would keep Co2(an acid) in the lungs; hypoventilation, obstructive lung disease, oversedation
Whay type of condition can cause Respiratory alkalosis?
Conditions due to LACK of Co2 (either by loss or inability to intake);hypoxia, anxiety, pulm embolus, hyperventilation
Salicylates, fever, gram neg septicemia, hepatic insufficiency, chf, asthma, severe anemia- all causes of?
Respiratory Alkalosis
Causes of Metabolic Alkalosis have what in common?
they increase the bicarb or volume concentration of bicarb is high (too much bicarb), it causes pH level to rise making it alkalotic/losis
Diabetic/starvation/alcoholicKetoacidosis, Poisoning, lactic acidosis, renal failure, and diarrhea are causes of?
Metabolic Acidosis
Drainage of pancreatic juice, ureterosigmoidoscopy, obstructed ileal loop, acetazolamide(diamox), ammonium chloride, renal tubular acidosis are causes of?
Metabolic Acidosis
The causes of Metabolic Acidosis have what in common?
Volume concentration of bicarb is too low (not enough), it causes the pH level to fall making it acidosis/dotic
Bicarb is a product of what body system?
The kidneys
Ventilatory failure occurs when the PaCO2 level reaches? Acute ventilatory failure is indicated by?
>50; PaCO2 >50 AND pH <7.30
SaO2 values give a measurement of ?
the amount of oxygen bound to hgb compared to the total hgb.
PaO2 measures?
the partial pressure of oxygen dissolved in arterial plasma.
Normal adult PaO2 is? and for an infant?
80-100; 40-70
How is PaO2 for an elderly person calculated?
Starting at 60 years, begin at 80mmHg, then for each year over 60, add 1mmHg
At an age, a PaO2 lower than 40 is ?
life-threatening and requires immediate action.