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41 Cards in this Set

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What is the normal ABG range for pH?
7.35 - 7.45
What is the normal ABG range for PaCO2?
35 - 45 mmHg
What is the normal ABG range for PaO2?
80 - 100 mmHg
What is the normal ABG range for SaO2?
> 94%
What is the normal ABG range for HCO3?
22 - 26 mEq/L
What is a normal variation for base excess/deficit?
-2 to +2
What is another term for PaCo2?
Carbon dioxide
What is another term for SaO2?
O2 sats
What is another term for HCO3?
Bicarbonate
What is the normal ABG range for pH?
7.35 - 7.45
What is the normal ABG range for PaCO2?
35 - 45 mmHg
What is the normal ABG range for PaO2?
80 - 100 mmHg
What is the normal ABG range for SaO2?
> 94%
What is the normal ABG range for HCO3?
22 - 26 mEq/L
What is a normal variation for base excess/deficit?
-2 to +2
What is another term for PaCo2?
Carbon dioxide
What is another term for SaO2?
O2 sats
What is another term for HCO3?
Bicarbonate
What happens with hyperventilation?
Carbon dioxide levels are decreased
True or False: hyperventilation is the same as tachypnea
False
How is SaO2 typically measured?
Pulse Ox monitor
In assessing oxygenation, the goal is usually to maintain the PaO2 within what range?
60 - 100 mmHg
Define oxygen saturation (SaO2):
The amount of hemoglobin combined with oxygen compared to the total amount of hemoglobin
Fill in the blanks: Normal O2 saturation is ___% or greater, but anything greater than ___% is usually adequate.
94%

90%
What is meant by the term CaO2?
Oxygen content
Define Oxygen Content (CaO2):
The actual quantity of O2 in each 100 ml of blood, expressed in ml. This value includes both the amount dissolved in the plasma & carried on the hgb.
What are the "big three" pediatric respiratory illnesses?
1. Laryngotracheobronchitis (LTB)
2. Epiglottitis
3. Bacterial tracheitis
List the symptoms of acute epiglottitis:
* Absence of spontaneous cough
* Drooling, because pt. does not want to swallow
* Pt. insists on sitting upright
* Croaking upon inspiration
* Supra- or sub-sternal retractions
* Color may progress from mild hypoxia to cyanosis
What is the most common organism that causes bacterial tracheitis?
Staph Aureus
What is bacterial tracheitis?
Bacterial infection of the upper trachea.
List the manifestations of Bacterial Tracheitis:
*Previous URI
*Croupy cough
*Stridor unaffected by position
*High fever
*Thick, purulent tracheal secretions
What is usually included in therapy for bacterial tracheitis?
*Humidified O2
*Antipyretics
*Antibiotics
*Endotracheal intubation
*Frequent tracheal suctioning
Why are throat cultures & visual inspection of the inner mouth & throat contraindicated in children with LTB?
This can cause laryngospasm
What is Vanceril?
A Glucocorticoid inhaler or nasal spray
What is Atrovent, and what does it do?
An anti-cholinergic bronchodilator that decreases pulmonary secretions
Are Vanceril and/or Atrovent appropriate for use during an asthma attack?
No - these prevent attacks rather than stop them
What is Albuterol?
A fast-acting beta-2 agonist which relaxes the airway
What is the function of a Peak Expiratory Flow Meter (PERF)?
Shows the highest rate at which air is blown from the lungs; is used to measure respiratory function.
What is the only anti-viral currently used to treat RSV?
Ribavirin
What is a severe complication of bacterial pneumonia?
Pulmonary embolism
Is COPD reversible?
No